The Constitution of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Anayasası), also known as the Constitution of 1982, is Turkey 's fundamental law. It establishes the organization of the government and sets out the principles and rules of the state 's conduct along with its responsibilities in regards to its citizens.
Over the centuries, Turkey has had many constitutions and can be characterized by the steady establishment of a nation-state, democratization and recognition of international law. The Turkish constitution was ratified in 1921 , revised in 1924 , 1961 , 1982 , and most recently in 2010. 
The first constitution of the modern Turkish state, it was ratified by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in January 1921. It was a simple document consisting of only 23 short articles. In October 1923 the constitution was amended to declare Turkey to be a republic.
- Branches of government
- Elections and voting system
- Local administration
The Government of Turkey is a unitary government established by the Constitution of Turkey as a constituted governing authority of a parliamentary democratic republic, commonly called the Republic of Turkey. The term can mean either the collective set of institutions or specifically the Cabinet. Government of Turkey Emblem of Turkey FormationOctober 29, 1923; 97 years ago Founding documentConstitution of the Republic of Turkey JurisdictionTurkey Websitewww.turkiye.gov.tr Legislative branch Legis
The republic is named "Turkey" or "Republic of Turkey" with its full name. No other name appears in the Constitution, and this is the name that appears on money, in treaties, and in legal cases to which it is a party. The terms "Government of Turkey" or "Turkish Government" are often used in official documents to represent the national government as distinct from the local entities. Because the seat of government is in Ankara, "Ankara" is commonly used as a metonym for the central government.
According to the Constitution, Turkey's government system is based on a separation of powers. The Constitution states that the legislative power is vested in the Parliament of Turkey, that the executive power is carried out by the President of Turkey and that the judicial power is exercised by independent and impartial courts It also states that parliamentary elections and presidential elections shall be held every five years. The Parliament accepts the law proposals prepared by the deputies The
Legislative power is vested in a single-chamber parliament with 600 members. The members are elected for a period of five years according to the D'Hondt method. Every citizen over the age of eighteen is eligible to be a deputy. Members of the Grand National Assembly can not hold
The executive power in the Turkish government is vested in the president of Turkey, where power is often delegated to the Cabinet members and other officials. PresidentEdit Main article: President of Turkey Seal of the president of Turkey The executive branch, under Part III of t
The Constitutional Court, the Court of Cassation, the Council of State, and the Court of Jurisdictional Disputes are the supreme courts mentioned in the judicial section of the Constitution. The courts operate within the framework of civil law.
All Turkish citizens over 18 years of age have the right to vote in elections and to take part in referenda. Turkish women achieved voting rights in local elections in 1930. Four years later, universal suffrage was implemented in all Turkish elections. Turkey has been a multi-party democracy since 1950.
The Constitution enumerates local governments as municipalities, special provincial administrations and villages. The administration of the provinces is based on the principle of devolution of powers. The regulatory and budgetary autonomy of local governments is secured in the Constitution.
Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country straddling Western Asia and Southeast Europe.It shares borders with Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest; the Black Sea to the north; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq to the southeast; Syria and the Mediterranean Sea to the south; and the Aegean Sea to the west.
Nov 19, 2020 · The Constitution of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish : Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Anayasası), also known as the Constitution of 1982, is Turkey 's fundamental law. It establishes the organization of the government and sets out the principles and rules of the state 's conduct along with its responsibilities in regards to its citizens.
The Constitution of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Anayasası), also known as the Constitution of 1982, is Turkey's fundamental law.It establishes the organization of the government and sets out the principles and rules of the state's conduct along with its responsibilities in regards to its citizens.
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY PREAMBLE (Updated) In line with the concept of nationalism and the reforms and principles introduced by the founder of the Republic of Turkey, Atatürk, the immortal leader and the unrivalled hero, this Constitution, which affirms the eternal existence of the
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Turkey 1982 (rev. 2017) Page 9 • Motives for writing constitution Preamble • Preamble Affirming the eternal existence of the Turkish Motherland and Nation and the indivisible unity of the Sublime Turkish State, this Constitution, in line with the concept of nationalism introduced by the founder of the Republic of Turkey, Atatürk,