Cornell University was founded on April 27, 1865; the New York State (NYS) legislature authorized the university as the state's land grant institution. Senator Ezra Cornell offered his farm in Ithaca, New York, as a site and $500,000 of his personal fortune as an initial endowment.
The history of Cornell University begins when its two founders, Andrew Dickson White of Syracuse and Ezra Cornell of Ithaca, met in the New York State Senate in January 1864. Together, they established Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, in 1865.
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Cornell is divided into colleges. Each operates independently and has its own faculty and admission process: The "statutory" or "contract" colleges (which receive direct funding from the New York state government) have "New York State" in their name. Residents of New York who are enrolled in these colleges pay less tuition than other students at the university. Cornell calls its other colleges "endowed colleges".
Cornell, a research university, produces the fourth largest number of graduates in the world who go on to pursue PhDs in engineering or the natural sciences at American institutions. It is also fifth in the world in producing graduates who pursue PhDs at American institutions in any field. Research is a central element of Cornell's mission. In 2009 Cornell spent $671 millionon science and engineering research and development. This makes it the 16th highest in the United States. For the 2004–05 fiscal year, the university spent $561.3 million on research. Of Cornell's units, the largest amount of this funding went to the colleges of Medicine ($164.2 million), Agriculture and Life Sciences ($114.5 million), Arts and Sciences ($80.3 million), and Engineering ($64.8 million). The money comes largely from federal sources, with federal investment of $381.0 million. The federal agencies that invest the most money are the Department of Health and Human Services and the National Science Foun...↑ The other is the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
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A list of significant buildings and facilities, existing or demolished, owned by or closely associated with Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.Several buildings were on the National Register of Historic Places, including Bailey Hall, Caldwell Hall, Computing and Communications Center (formerly Comstock Hall), East Roberts Hall (demolished), Fernow Hall, Morrill Hall, Rice Hall, Roberts ...
This list of Cornell University alumni includes notable graduates, non-graduate former students, and current students of Cornell University.Cornell counted 245,027 living alumni as of August 2008.