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  1. Eastern Orthodox Church - Wikipedia

    The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately 220 million baptised members. It operates as a communion of autocephalous churches, each governed by its bishops in local synods.

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  3. Eastern Orthodox Church - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Church, is a Christian church. Their type of Christianity is also called Orthodox Christianity or Orthodoxy. Their members are called Orthodox Christians, although there is another group of Churches called Oriental Orthodox that is not in communion with the Orthodox Church.

  4. History of the Eastern Orthodox Church - Wikipedia

    According to the Eastern Orthodox tradition the history of the Eastern Orthodox Church is traced back to Jesus Christ and the Apostles. The Apostles appointed successors, known as bishops, and they in turn appointed other bishops in a process known as Apostolic succession.

  5. Eastern Orthodox Church organization - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • Church governance
    • Jurisdictions
    • Unrecognized churches

    The Eastern Orthodox Church, like the Catholic Church, claims to be the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church. The Orthodox Church is a communion comprising the fourteen or sixteen separate autocephalous hierarchical churches that recognize each other as "canonical" Orthodox Christian churches. Each constituent church is self-governing; its highest-ranking bishop reports to no higher earthly authority. Each regional church is composed of constituent eparchies ruled by bishops. Some autocephal

    The Orthodox Church is decentralised, having no central authority, earthly head or a single Bishop in a leadership role. Thus, the Orthodox Church uses a synodical system canonically, which is significantly different from the hierarchically organised Catholic Church that follows the doctrine of papal supremacy. References to the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople as a leader are an erroneous interpretation of his title. His title is of honor rather than authority and in fact the Ecumenical P

    Ranked in order of seniority, with the year of independence given in parentheses, where applicable. Four Ancient Patriarchates Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem Those f

    These are churches that have separated from the mainstream communion over issues of Ecumenism and Calendar reform since the 1920s. Due to what these churches perceive as being errors of modernism and ecumenism in mainstream Orthodoxy, they refrain from concelebration of the Divin

    These Churches do not practice Communion with any other Orthodox jurisdictions nor do they tend to recognize each other. Yet, like the Churches in resistance above, they consider themselves to be within the canonical boundaries of the Church: i.e., professing Orthodox belief, ret

    The following Churches recognize all other mainstream Orthodox Churches, but are not recognized by any of them due to various disputes: 1. Abkhazian Orthodox Church 2. Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church 3. Association of Croatian Orthodox Believers 4. Macedonian Orthodox Ch

  6. Eastern Orthodox church architecture - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • History
    • Terminology
    • Architecture
    • Gallery

    Eastern Orthodox church architecture constitutes a distinct, recognizable family of styles among church architectures. These styles share a cluster of fundamental similarities, having been influenced by the common legacy of Byzantine architecture from the Eastern Roman Empire. Some of the styles have become associated with the particular traditions of one specific autocephalous Orthodox patriarchate, whereas others are more widely used within the Eastern Orthodox Church. These architectural styl

    While sharing many traditions, Eastern Christianity and Western Christianity began to diverge from each other from an early date. Whereas the basilica, a long aisled hall with an apse at one end, was the most common form in the West, a more compact centralised style became predominant in the East. These churches were in origin "martyria" focused on the tombs of the saints—specifically, the martyrs who had died during the persecutions, which only fully ended with the conversion of the ...

    In the Russian language a general-purpose word for "church" is tserkov. When spoken in an exalted sense, the term khram, "temple", is used to refer to the church building as a Temple of God Khram Bozhy. The words "church" and "temple", in this case are interchangeable; however, the term “church” is far more common in English. The term "temple" is also commonly applied to larger churches. Some famous churches which are occasionally referred to as temples include Hagia Sophia, Saint Basil ...

    Orthodox church buildings have the following basic shapes, each with its own symbolism: 1. Elongated: rectangle, rounded rectangle, symbolizing the ship as a means of salvation 2. Cruciform 3. Star shaped 4. Circular The cupola instead of a flat ceiling symbolizes the sky. In Russian churches, cupolas are often topped by onion-shaped domes, where crosses are mounted. These domes are called "heads" or "poppy heads". Sometimes crosses have a crescent-like shape at the bottom, which contrary to the

    Romanian Patriarchal Cathedral in Bucharest, completed in 1658, Romania.

  7. Eastern Orthodoxy by country - Wikipedia

    Based on the numbers of adherents, the Eastern Orthodox Church (also known as Eastern Orthodoxy) is the second largest Christian communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church, with the most common estimates of baptised members being approximately 220 million.

    Total population
    % Eastern Orthodox
    Eastern Orthodox total
    Albania (details)
    6.75% (as per census, number likely upwards of 20%)
    148,992 (census unreliable, deemed corrupt, number is expected to be much higher)
    Armenia (details)
    Australia (details)
    Austria (details)
  8. Eastern Christianity - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • Families of churches
    • Catholic–Orthodox ecumenism
    • Migration trends
    • Role of Christians in the Islamic culture

    Eastern Christianity comprises Christian traditions and church families that originally developed during classical and late antiquity in Western Asia, Egypt, Northeast Africa, Eastern Europe, Southeastern Europe, Asia Minor, the Malabar coast of southern India, and parts of the Far East. The term does not describe a single communion or religious denomination. Major Eastern Christian bodies include the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Eastern Catholic Churches, Protest

    Eastern Christians do not share the same religious traditions, but do share many cultural traditions. Christianity divided itself in the East during its early centuries both within and outside of the Roman Empire in disputes about Christology and fundamental theology, as well as through national divisions. It would be many centuries later that Western Christianity fully split from these traditions as its own communion. Major branches or families of Eastern Christianity, each of which has a disti

    Ecumenical dialogue since the 1964 meeting between Pope Paul VI and Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras I has awoken the nearly 1,000-year hopes for Christian unity. Since the lifting of excommunications during the Paul VI and Athenagoras I meeting in Jerusalem there have been other significant meetings between Popes and Ecumenical Patriarchs of Constantinople. One of the most recent meetings was between Benedict XVI and Bartholomew I, who jointly signed the Common Declaration. It states that "We giv

    There has been a significant Christian migration in the 20th century from the Near East. Fifteen hundred years ago Christians were the majority population in today's Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine and Egypt. In 1914 Christians constituted 25% of the population of the Ottoman Empire. At the beginning of the 21st century Christians constituted 6–7% of the region's population: less than 1% in Turkey, 3% in Iraq, 12% in Syria, 39% in Lebanon, 6% in Jordan, 2.5% in Israel ...

    Christians, especially Nestorians, contributed to the Arab Islamic Civilization during the Umayyads and the Abbasids by translating works of Greek philosophers to Syriac and afterwards to Arabic. They also excelled in philosophy, science and theology and the personal physicians of the Abbasid Caliphs were often Assyrian Christians such as the long serving Bukhtishus. Many scholars of the House of Wisdom were of Christian background. A hospital and medical training center existed at Gundeshapur.

  9. Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • Background
    • History and cultural legacy
    • Administration and structure

    The Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch, also known as the Antiochian Orthodox Church and legally as the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East, is an autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church within the wider communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity. Headed by the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch, it considers itself the successor to the Christian community founded in Antioch by the Apostles Peter and Paul.

    The seat of the patriarchate was formerly Antioch, in what is now Turkey. However, in the 14th century, it was moved to Damascus, modern-day Syria, following the Ottoman invasion of Antioch. Its traditional territory includes Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Kuwait, Arab countries of the Persian Gulf and also parts of Turkey. Its territory formerly included the Church of Cyprus until the latter became autocephalous in 431. Both the Orthodox Churches of Antioch and Cyprus are members of the Middle East Coun

    According to Luke the Evangelist- himself a Greco-Syrian member of that community: The disciples were first called Christians in Antioch. — Acts 11:26 St Peter and St Paul the Apostle are considered the cofounders of the Patriarchate of Antioch, the former being its first ...

    These ethno-cultural and social tensions were eventually surmounted by the emergence of a new, typically Antiochian Greek doctrine spearheaded by Paul and his followers be they 1. Established, autochthonous Hellenized Cilician-Western Syrian Jews, 2. Heathen, ‘Classical ...

    The unique combination of ethnocultural traits inhered from the fusion of a Greek cultural base, Hellenistic Judaism and Roman civilization gave birth to the distinctly Antiochian “Eastern Mediterranean-Roman” Christian traditions of Cilicia and Syria/Lebanon: The ...

    After the death of the head of the Patriarchate of Antioch, Ignatius IV, Patriarch of Antioch, Syria, Arabia, Cilicia, Iberia, Mesopotamia and All the Middle East, on December 7, 2012, Metropolitan Saba Esber was elected locum tenens until the election of the new patriarch. On Monday, December 17, the Holy Synod of Antioch announced the election of Metropolitan John as the new Patriarch, taking the name John X.

  10. Greek Orthodox Church - Wikipedia

    The name Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía, IPA: [elinorˈθoðoksi ekliˈsia]), or Greek Orthodoxy, is a term referring to the body of several churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, the original language of the Septuagint and the ...

    • 23–25 million (about 40% of whom are in Greece)
    • Various, but Constantinople is held in special regard
  11. Eastern Orthodoxy | Definition, Origin, History, & Facts ...

    The official designation of the church in Eastern Orthodox liturgical or canonical texts is “the Orthodox Catholic Church.” Because of the historical links of Eastern Orthodoxy with the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium (Constantinople), however, in English usage it is referred to as the “Eastern” or “Greek OrthodoxChurch.

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