The Fatimid Caliphate (Arabic: ٱلْخِلَاْفَة ٱلْفَاطِمِيَّة , romanized: al-Khilāfa al-Fāṭimīya) was an Ismaili Shia caliphate of the 10th to the 12th centuries CE. Spanning a large area of North Africa, it ranged from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west.
- Rise of The Fatimids
- Decay and Fall
- Fatimid Caliphs
- Other Websites
The Fatimids came from Ifriqiya, modern-day Tunisia and eastern Algeria. The dynasty was founded in 909 by ˤAbdullāh al-Mahdī Billah, who legitimised his claim through descent from Muhammad by way of his daughter Fātima as-Zahra and her husband ˤAlī ibn-Abī-Tālib, the first Shīˤa Imām, hence the name al-Fātimiyyūn"Fatimid". Abdullāh al-Mahdi's control soon extended over all of central Maghreb, an area consisting of the modern countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya, which he ruled from Mahdia, his newly-built capital in Tunisia.
In the 1040s, the Zirids (governors of North Africa under the Fatimids) declared their independence from the Fatimids and their conversion to Sunni Islam, which led to the devastating Banū Hilal invasions. After about 1070, the Fatimid hold on the Levant coast and parts of Syria was challenged first by Turkic (Seljuk) invasions, then the Crusades, so that Fatimid territory shrank until it consisted only of Egypt. After the decay of the Fatimid political system in the 1160s, the Zengid ruler Nūr ad-Dīn had his general, Shirkuh, seize Egypt from the vizier Shawar in 1169. Shirkuh died two months after taking power, and the rule went to his nephew, Saladin. This began the Kurdish Ayyubid Dynasty.Fatimids entry in the Encyclopaedia of the Orient. Archived 2010-11-01 at the Wayback MachineInstitute of Ismaili Studies London. Archived 2007-04-26 at the Wayback Machine
People also ask
What a caliphate really is?
What was the first dynasty of the Muslim Caliphate?
What is the first Islamic Caliphate?
What is the capital of the Muslim Caliphate?
Fatimid art refers to [ artifacts and architecture from the Fatimid Caliphate (909-1171), was in Arab empire principally in Egypt and North Africa.The Fatimid Caliphate was initially established in the Maghreb, with its roots in a ninth-century Shia Ismailist Many monuments survive in the Fatimid cities founded in North Africa, starting with Mahdia, on the Tunisian coast, the principal city ...
Fled Salamiya in 903, and settled at Sijilmasa in 905 while Abu Abdallah al-Shi'i overthrew the Aghlabids and established the Fatimid Caliphate in his name in 909. Fatimid rule over Ifriqiya was consolidated and extended to Sicily , but three attempts to invade Egypt and thence attack the Abbasids failed.#KunyaGiven nameRegnal name11Abu Muhammad أبو محمدUbayd Allah عبيد اللهal-Mahdi bi'llah المهدي12Abu'l-Qasim ابو القاسمMuhammad محمدal-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah القائم بأمر ...13Abu Tahir أبو طاهرIsma'il اسماعیلal-Mansur bi-Nasr Allah المنصور بنصر ...14Abu Tamim أبو تميمMa'ad معدal-Mu'izz li-Din Allah المعز لدين ...
Category:Fatimid Caliphate. The main article for this category is Fatimid Caliphate. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fatimid Caliphate. The Fatimid Caliphate ruled areas of North Africa, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean Sea from 909 to 1171. It was established in 909 in Ifriqiya, but moved its seat to Egypt in 973, where it ...
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Fatimid dynastic color was white, in opposition to Abbasid black, while red and yellow banners were associated with the Fatimid caliph's person. The Fatimid Caliphate, an Ismaili Shia caliphate of the 10th to the 12th centuries CE, spanned a large area of North Africa, from the Red Sea in the ...
The Fatimid Caliphate (Arabic: الفاطميون , al-Fāṭimīyūn) wis a Shia Islamic caliphate, which spanned a muckle aurie o North Africae, frae the Reid Sea in the east tae the Atlantic Ocean in the wast.
The Fatimid Caliphate was an Isma'ili Shi'i caliphate, originally based in Tunisia, that extended its rule across the Mediterranean coast of Africa and ultimately made Egypt the centre of its caliphate.  At its height, in addition to Egypt, the caliphate included varying areas of the Maghreb, Sicily, the Levant and the Hejaz.
- History and powers
The vizier was the senior minister of the Fatimid Caliphate for most of the Egyptian period of its existence. Originally it was held by civilian officials who acted as the chief civilian ministers of the caliphs, analogous to the original Abbasid model. When a vizier was not appointed, an "intermediary" was designated instead. The enfeeblement of the caliph's power and the crisis of the Fatimid regime under Caliph al-Mustansir, however, led to the rise of military strongmen, who dominated the po
During the Ifriqiyan period of the Fatimid Caliphate, the title of "vizier", although current in the eastern Islamic world, was not used. It was adopted after the Fatimid conquest of Egypt, where the office had had a long tradition under the autonomous Tulunid and Ikhshidid dynasties. Although the last Ikhshidid vizier, Ja'far ibn al-Furat, continued to exercise many of his previous functions, the conqueror and viceroy of Egypt, Jawhar, refused to recognize his possession of the vizieral title.
Ibn Killis established his official residence in the southeastern part of Cairo, close to the Sa'ada Gate, a quarter which became known as al-wazīriyya after Ibn Killis. The building was not only the residence of the vizier, but also the seat of the fiscal bureaus, and housed storage rooms for garments, the treasury, books, and drinks. Each of the latter was supervised by a comptroller, and the dār al-wazāra itself also had its own superintendent. The dār al-wazāra was an echo of the ...