- The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania and Southern Africa. The most widely spoken Germanic language, English, is the world's most widely spoken language with an estimated 2 billion speakers. All Germanic languages are derived from Proto-Germanic, spoken in Iron Age Scandinavia. Germanic Teutonic Geographic distributionWorldwide, principally Northern, Western and
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German (German: Deutsch) is a West Germanic language. It is spoken in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Luxembourg; natively by around 100 million people. It is the most widely spoken mother tongue in the first language. There are some people who speak German in Belgium, The Netherlands, France and Northern Italy.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people [nb 1] mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania and Southern Africa. The most widely spoken Germanic language, English, is also the world's most widely spoken language with an estimated 2 billion speakers.
The German Wikipedia ( German: Deutschsprachige Wikipedia) is the German-language edition of Wikipedia, a free and publicly editable online encyclopedia . Founded on March 16, 2001, it is the second-oldest Wikipedia (after the English Wikipedia ), and with 2,697,765 articles, at present (2022) the third-largest edition of Wikipedia by number of ...
- Language spoken at home
- Minority languages
- Immigrant languages
- Second languages
The official language of Germany is Standard German, with over 95 percent of the country speaking Standard German or German dialects as their first language. This figure includes speakers of Northern Low Saxon, a recognized minority or regional language that is not considered separately from Standard German in statistics. Recognized minority langua...
Neither the 1987 West German census nor the 2011 census inquired about language. Starting with the 2017 microcensus, a question asking, "Which language is spoken predominantly in your household?" was added, nearly eighty years since the 1939 Census asked for the mother tongue of the population. According to a 2019 Pew Research survey, the most comm...
Recognized minority languages include: 1. Romani 2. Danish 3. North Frisian and Saterland Frisian 4. Upper Sorbian and Lower Sorbian
Immigrant languages spoken by sizable communities of first and second-generation: 1. Turkish c. 1.8% 2. Kurdish c. 0.3% 3. Tamil 4. Russian 5. Arabic 6. Greek 7. Dutch 8. Igbo 9. Polish 10. Serbo-Croatian 11. Italian 12. Portuguese 13. Urhobo
Most Germans learn English as their first foreign language at school. However, in some cases, French or Latin are taught first; French and Latin are also common second or third foreign languages. Russian, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Dutch, Classical Greek, and other languages are also offered in schools, depending on the school's geographic location ...
- Dialects and Geographic Distribution
- German as The Official U.S. Language Myth
- German-American Tradition in Literature
- Use in Education
- American German
- General American German Nouns
- See Also
- Further Reading
- External Links
Ever since the first ethnically German families settled in the United States in Jamestown, Virginia, in 1608,the German language, dialects, and traditions of Germany have played a role in the social identity of many German-Americans. By 1910, an accounted 554 newspaper issues were being printed in the standard German language throughout the United ...
Alsatian, (German: Elsässisch), is a Low Alemannic German dialect spoken by Old Order Amish and some Old Order Mennonites in Allen County, Indiana, and their daughter settlements. These Amish immigrated to the US in the mid-1800s. There are fewer speakers of Alsatian in Indiana than of Bernese German, even though there are several thousand speakers. There are also speakers of Bernese German and Pennsylvania German living in the community. Most speakers of Alsatian also speak or at least under...
Amana German, West Central German, a Hessian dialect in particular, is still spoken by several hundred people in seven villages in the Amana Colonies in Iowa, which were founded by Inspirationalists of German origin. Amana German is derived from Hessian dialects which fused into a so-called Ausgleichsdialekt that adopted many English words and some English idioms.
Bernese German, (Standard German: Berndeutsch, Alemannic German: Bärndütsch) is a subdialect of High Alemannic German which is spoken by Old Order Amish in Adams County, Indiana, and their daughter settlements. There are several thousand speakers of the dialect in the US.
An urban legend, sometimes called the Muhlenberg legend after Frederick Muhlenberg, states that English only narrowly defeated German as the U.S. official language. In reality, the proposal involved a requirement that government documents be translated into German. The United States has no statutory official language; English has been used on a de ...
As cultural ties between Germany and the United States have been historically strong, a number of important German and U.S. authors have been popular in both countries. In modern German literature, this topic has been addressed frequently by the Boston-born author of German and English lyrical poetry Paul-Henri Campbell.
According to a government-financed survey, German was taught in 24% of American schools in 1997, and only 14% in 2008. German is third in popularity after Spanish and Frenchin terms of the number of colleges and universities offering instruction in the language.
What here is referred to as Standard American German is a mix of historical words, English loan words, and new words which together can form a standardised version of the German language used by the non-Amish nor Mennonite descendants of the original pre-20th century German immigrants in the United States. The study of the German language in the Un...
These nouns have been found in all regions of the United States and are not exclusive to any particular region. While English loanwords are found for a number of reasons including the lack of certain objects (such as Truck) in pre-20th century German, dialect leveling is also found throughout regions where German is still found. Though previous stu...Gilbert, Glenn G. (ed.). The German Language in America: A Symposium. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1971.Halverson, Rachel; Costabile-Heming, Carol Anne (2015). Taking Stock of German Studies in the United States: The New Millennium. Rochester: Camden House. ISBN 9781571139139.Willi Paul Adams: The German Americans. Chapter 7: German or EnglishBastian Sick: German as the official language of the USA?