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  1. Holy Land - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Holy_Land

    The Holy Land ( Hebrew: אֶרֶץ הַקּוֹדֶשׁ Eretz HaKodesh, Latin: Terra Sancta; Arabic: الأرض المقدسة Al-Arḍ Al-Muqaddasah or الديار المقدسة Ad-Diyar Al-Muqaddasah) is an area roughly located between the Mediterranean Sea and the Eastern Bank of the Jordan River. Traditionally, it is synonymous both with ...

    • Judaism

      Jews commonly refer to the Land of Israel as "The Holy...

    • Christianity

      For Christians, the Land of Israel is considered holy...

    • Islam

      In the Quran, the term Al-Ard Al-Muqaddasah is used in a...

  2. Holy Land USA - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Holy_Land_USA

    Holy Land USA is an 18-acre (7.3 ha) theme park in Waterbury, Connecticut, inspired by selected passages from the Bible.It consists of a chapel, stations of the cross, and replicas of catacombs and Israelite villages constructed from cinder blocks, bathtubs, and other discards.

  3. Holy Land - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Holy_Land

    Holy Land. The Holy Land is an area in the Levant that is holy to Abrahamic religions ( Christianity, Islam and Judaism ). The name roughly refers to the region of Palestine. Jews say God gave the Holy Land to them. This is where Jesus was born, crucified and resurrected. Several Crusades were fought there.

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  5. Holy Land (album) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Holy_Land_(album)

    Holy Land is the second album by Brazilian metal band Angra. It is a concept album whose theme is centered on the Brazilian land by the time it was discovered in the 16th century (from a European perspective), as depicted in the art surrounding the album release. Once fully opened, the cover illustration turns out to be an old 15th-century map.

  6. Holy Land Experience - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Holy_Land_Experience
    • Overview
    • History
    • Exhibits
    • Controversies

    The Holy Land Experience is registered as a Christian-based theme park in Orlando, Florida and registered non-profit corporation. HLE conducts weekly church services and bible studies for the general public. HLE’s theme park recreates the architecture and themes of the ancient city of Jerusalem in 1st-century Judah. The Holy Land Experience is owned by the Trinity Broadcasting Network.

    The park has its origin in a dream of Marvin Rosenthal, a Jew of Russian origin who became a Baptist pastor, founder of the missionary organization Zion's Hope, who bought land in Orlando in 1989. The park opened in February 2001. On August 17, 2002, the Holy Land Experience Scriptorium museum opened. It features the Van Kampen Collection of biblically related artifacts. The collection includes ancient scrolls, manuscripts, and early printed editions of the Bible. The collection is the fourth la

    There are approximately 43 exhibits in the park. Holy Land Experience – God with us In February 2020, after a sharp decline in revenue for several years, the park announced that it would be laying off 118 employees, representing most of its staff, and would be ending all theatrical productions, restaurants and retail shops.

    In 2001, the Jewish Defense League accused the park of proselytizing Jews because the owner of Zion's Hope Park was a missionary organization. Founder Marvin Rosenthal categorically refuted this accusation. In 2001, Orange County refused the park's tax exemption request. In 2005, a judge ruled in favor of the park because of its mission of spreading the word of God which is not for profit and which therefore allows it to benefit from a tax exemption. This is similar to the tax exemption for muse

  7. List of Crusades to Europe and the Holy Land - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_Crusades_to_Europe
    • Overview
    • Later Crusades (1291-1578)
    • Crusades against the Byzantine Empire
    • Crusades also referred to as pilgrimages
    • Popular Crusades

    The list of Crusades to Europe and the Holy Land identifies those conflicts in the 11th through 16th centuries that are referred to as Crusades or Crusading. These include the traditional numbered crusades and others that prominent historians have identified as crusades. The scope of the term "crusade" is defined by French historian Louis R. Bréhier, writing in the Catholic Encyclopedia. The Crusades were expeditions undertaken, in fulfilment of a solemn vow, to deliver the Holy Places...

    After the fall of Acre, the crusades continued in the Levant through the 16th century. Principal references on this subject are Kenneth Setton's History of the Crusades, Volume III. The Fourteenth and Fifteen Centuries, and Norman Housley's The Later Crusades, 1274-1580: From Lyons to Alcazar and The Crusading Movement, 1274–1700. Barbara Tuchman's A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century provides an interesting perspective on both the crusades and the general history of the era. A ...

    Crusades against the Byzantine empire began shortly after the First Crusade and continued throughout its existence. These include the following.

    Some pilgrimages are referred to as crusades, especially if the journey resulted in some military activity. Some examples include the following.

    The Popular Crusades were generated by enthusiasm for crusading, but unsanctioned by the Church.

  8. Franciscan Monastery of the Holy Land in America - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mount_St

    The Franciscan Monastery of the Holy Land in America is a Franciscan complex at 14th and Quincy Streets in the Brookland neighborhood of Northeast Washington, D.C. Located on a hill called Mount Saint Sepulcher, and anchored by the Memorial Church of the Holy Sepulcher, it includes gardens, replicas of various shrines throughout Israel, a replica of the catacombs in Rome, an archive, a library ...

  9. Status Quo (Jerusalem and Bethlehem) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Status_quo_of_Holy_Land_sites

    The ladder on the front page of the 1842-49 The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt, and Nubia Church of the Holy Sepulchre in 1885. The immovable ladder is visible below the upper-right window.

  10. Crusades - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Crusades
    • First Crusades
    • Second Crusade
    • Third Crusade
    • Fourth Crusade
    • Fifth Crusade
    • Sixth Crusade
    • Seventh Crusade
    • Eighth Crusade
    • Ninth Crusade
    • The End of The Crusades

    Alexius I was a ruler of the Byzantine Empire. When Alexius called for help to defend his empire against the Seljuk Turksin 1095, Pope Urban II asked all Christians to join a war against the Turks. The Pope told Christians that fighting the war would repay God for their sins and that if they died on a crusade they would go straight to heaven. The Christian soldiers were called "crusaders". The Christian armies marched to Jerusalem, attacking several cities on their way. In 1099 they won the battle for Jerusalem. As a result of the First Crusade, four crusader states were created. These were the County of Edessa, the Principality of Antioch, the County of Tripoli and the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

    After some years of peace, Bernard of Clairvaux called for a new crusade when the town of Edessa was attacked by the Turks. French and German armies marched to the Holy Land in 1147, but were defeated. On the way, the Crusaders helped the Portuguese capture Lisbon from Al-Andalus as part of the Reconquista.​

    In 1187, Saladin recaptured Jerusalem. Pope Gregory VIII called for a new crusade, led by several of Europe's kings: Philip II of France, Richard I of England and Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. Frederick drowned in Cilicia in 1190. The Crusaders re-established the Kingdom of Jerusalem in Acre. Richard defeated Saladin at Arsuf and Jaffa but lacked the men needed to attempt recapturing Jerusalem. Richard and Saladin made a truce that let the Christians travel safely through Jerusalem. Afterward Richard left in 1192. On Richard's way home, his ship was wrecked, leading him to Austria. In Austria his enemy Duke Leopoldcaptured him, and Richard was ransomed.

    The Fourth Crusade was started by Pope Innocent III in 1202, with the idea to attack the Holy Land through Egypt. The Venetians changed this crusade, and went to the Christian city of Constantinople, where they attempted to place a Byzantine exile on the throne. After a series of misunderstandings and outbreaks of violence, the city was sackedin 1204.

    During 1213, Pope Gregory IX pushed Frederick II into leading the Fifth Crusade. The Church tried another crusade to attack the Holy Land. A crusading force from Hungary, Austria, and Bavaria captured Damietta, a city in Egypt, in 1219. The crusaders had to surrender, due to losing the battle for Cairo.

    In 1228, Emperor Frederick II set sail from Brindisi for Syria. He did this after the Pope excommunicated him. By talking to the Turks he had success, and Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehemwas given to the Crusaders for ten years without fighting. This was the first major crusade not initiated by the Papacy, a trend that was to continue for the rest of the century. This crusade only lasted for a year, from 1228-1229.

    The Templars argued with Egypt in 1243. In 1244, Egypt attacked Jerusalem. Louis IX of France started a crusade against Egypt from 1248 to 1254. It was a failure and Louis spent much of the crusade living in the city of Acre. In the midst of this crusade was the first Shepherds' Crusadein 1251.

    The Eighth Crusade was organized by Louis IX of France in 1270, to help the Crusader states in Syria. However, the crusade got as far as Tunis, where Louis died a month later.

    Before he was the king, Edward I of Englandstarted a crusade in 1271. He retired the following year after a truce.

    In time, the people went on Crusades for other purposes. The Crusades ended two centuries after they had begun, achieving mixed results. The crusades ended with the Mamluk Fall of Acre in 1291.(the link is not yet started).

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