Bronck's becomes Bronx. Bronck's farm— a tract of 274 hectares (680 acres), known as the biblical Emmaus, Bronck's Land, and then just Broncksland, or simply Bronck's— covered roughly the area emanating from general vicinity of Willis Avenue and 132nd Street in the Bronx in what, today, is Mott Haven.
- Immigration to New Netherland
- Site of Homestead
- Relations with Lenape Tribes
- Last Testament
- Bronck's Becomes Bronx
- Descendants and Relations
- See Also
There are different theories as to Bronck's origin. In Tórshavn in the Faroe Islands there is a street bearing the name Jónas Broncksgøta ("Jonas Bronck's Street", translated). One theory holds that Jonas Bronck was born ca. 1600, son of a Lutheran minister, Morten Jespersen Bronck, and was raised in Tórshavn. The family may have originated from the Norwegian district of Elverum. (At the time, the Faroe Islands were part of a political entity also comprising Denmark and Norway, as well as Greenland.) In 1619 the younger Bronck went to school in Roskilde, Denmark, and eventually made his way to Holland. A number of sources published in the early 20th century state that Bronck was Danish, an idea espoused by A.J.F. van Laer, archivist at the New York State Library. Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898, winner of the 1999 Pulitzer Prize for History, also parenthetically claims Bronck to be a Dane. A 1908 publication states that Bronck was a Mennonite who fled the Netherlands to D...
On June 18, 1638 Bronck signed his banns of marriage as Jonas Jonasson Bronck. This patronym indicated that his father's name was Jonas and conclusively disproves the Danish/Faroese connection, otherwise his patronym would have been Martensen. He and his Dutch wife, Teuntje Joriaens, married at the New Church in Amsterdam on July 6, 1638. In June 1643, shortly after Bronck's death, Teuntje remarried. She and her new husband, Arent van Curler, soon thereafter departed for Beverwyck, a settlement on the North River near Fort Orange.
Jonas Bronck’s decision to relocate from Europe was prompted by a number of factors. During the late 1630s, events in both Holland and America induced significant changes in the governance of New Netherland, territory controlled by the Dutch West India Company(WIC) between the Delaware and Connecticut rivers, and north along tidewaters of the Hudson. At its heart was the trading facility of New Amsterdam on the southern tip of Manhattan Island. Following the spectacular collapse of the Tulip maniain 1637, Holland’s government contemplated the idea of taking control of New Netherland from the company and using the colony for resettlement of individuals impoverished by failed tulip bulb speculations. There also was vexation over the West India Company’s failure to develop New Netherland much beyond its original function, facilitating the fur trade. By contrast, English enclaves in the region were rapidly expanding in territory, population, and viability. New Amsterdam’s inhabitants th...
Bronck and Kuyter navigated up the East River to land that was within the territory of the Siwanoy and Wecquaesgeek groups of Lenape who inhabited it at the time of colonialization. It is said that Bronck wrote of his new home: "The invisible hand of the Almighty Father, surely guided me to this beautiful country, a land covered with virgin forest and unlimited opportunities. It is a veritable paradise and needs but the industrious hand of man to make it the finest and most beautiful region in all the world." Kuyter chose land on the west bank on the island of Manhattan. Teuntie and Jonas Bronck’s house was built by a promontory at the juncture of the Harlem River and the Bronx Kill across from Randalls Island and was constructed like "a miniature fort with stone walls and a tile roof". Bronck's farmstead consisted of approximately 274 hectares (680 acres), which being a religious man, he named Emaus. (Emmaus, according to the New Testament, is where Jesus appeared before two of his...
On April 22, 1642 a peace treaty was signed at Bronk's homestead between Dutch authorities and the Weckquaeskeek sachems Ranaqua and Tackamuck. This event is portrayed in a painting by the American artist John Ward Dunsmore(1856–1945). On February 23, 1643, Director of New Netherland William Kieft launched an attack on refugee camps of the Weckquaesgeek and Tappan. Expansionist Mahican and Mohawk in the North (armed with guns traded by the French and English) had driven them south the year before, where they sought protection from the Dutch. Kieft refused aid despite the company's previous guarantees to the tribes to provide it. The attacks were at Communipaw (in today's Jersey City) and Corlaers Hook (lower Manhattan) in what is known as the Pavonia Massacre. The slaughter led to retaliation and attacks on many settlements outlying New Amsterdam, including some in what is now The Bronx, such as that of Anne Hutchinson. It is unknown if Bronck's death was related to the skirmishes.
Saturday May 6, 1643, not long after Jonas Bronck’s death, his widow Teuntie Jeuriaens, together with Peter Bronck, conducted a formal inventory of the Bronck farm which was then known as Emaus. This procedure was conducted in the presence of the Rev. Everardus Bogardus, pastor of the First Reformed Dutch Church of New Amsterdam and Bronck’s friend Jochem Pietersen Kuyter. According to official records of the State of New York, the latter two were identified as guardians of Bronck’s widow. The inventory lists contents of the farm Bronck and his family had built in the wilderness during the period of less than four years following his arrival in America. Buildings on the property were a stone house with a tile roof, a barn, two barracks for farm employees, and a tobacco house. The tally of Bronck’s livestock was 25 animals of various kinds, plus an uncounted number of hogs, said to be running in nearby woods. During the early 1640s it was not uncommon for Bronck’s New Amsterdam conte...
Bronck's farm— a tract of 274 hectares (680 acres), known as the biblical Emmaus, Bronck's Land, and then just Broncksland, or simply Bronck's— covered roughly the area south of today's 150th Street in the Bronx in what, today, is Mott Haven. Following Bronck's death, and the dispersion of the few settlers, the tract passed through the hands of successive Dutch traders until 1664, when it came into the possession of Samuel Edsall, (who also had acquired a large tract on the North River known as the English Neighborhood), who held it until 1670. He sold it to Captain Richard Morris and Colonel Lewis Morris, at the time merchants of Barbados. Four years later, Colonel Morris obtained a royal patent to Bronck's Land, which afterward became the Manor of Morrisania, the second Lewis (son of Captain Richard), exercising proprietary right. Despite Bronck having lived there for only four years, the area was known as "Broncksland" through the end of the 17th century. The modern name of the b...
Pieter Bronck also was known as Pieter Jonasson Bronck. Given the relative closeness in age and same father's name indicated by the patronym (Jonas was born about 1600, Pieter, born in 1616) it has been claimed that Pieter was a brother or cousin to Jonas Bronck, and not a son as had been surmised. He has been described as the "poorer cousin", and is believed to have emigrated to Beverwijck in the Hudson Valley circa 1650. The Pieter Bronck House is a registered historic place in Coxsackie, New York. The American poet William Bronk reported that he was a descendant of Pieter Bronck. The American biophysicist (and president of Rockefeller University) Detlev Bronkclaimed to have been a Bronck descendant, but no lineage to Pieter's line was indicated.
There is a street in Tórshavn in the Faroe Islands that is named "Jónas Broncksgøta." The Jonas Bronck Academy and Public School 43 Jonas Bronck are located in the Bronx. A local brewery produces Jonas Bronck Beer. There is a Jonas Bronck Center in Sävsjö, Sweden.
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Dec 02, 2019 · Bronck established the first settlement in the area in 1639, ultimately displacing Lenape Native Americans. At first, Bronck leased land from the Dutch West India Company but over time he purchased nearly 500 acres from the local Native American tribes and named his farm Emmaus. The Dutch and the English called the area “Bronck’s land”.
Mar 18, 2008 · Peter Bronck is a family member, but not a son to Jonas Bronck. Probably a brother (although there’s a 16 year age difference)or cousin. He had the same patronym “Jonasson” but it’s very unlikely that he’d be a son. So, no direct descendents from Jonas Bronck.
Jonas Bronck’s spirit is an unique wheat destilat, flavored using sap and leaves picked by hand from specially selected birch trees. The sap naturally contains of a variety of sugars and is rich in antioxidants. Jonas Bronck's spirit is being matured for at least 12 months before it gets bottled.
The Bronx County Historical Society is a private non-profit organization that collects and disseminates historical material and information about the New York City borough of the Bronx, as well as southern Westchester County, New York.
The last family owner, Leonard Bronk Lampman, willed the Bronck farm to the Greene County Historical Society in 1939, and the site has been open to the public as a museum ever since. Thanks to the stewardship of the Bronck family and the Greene County Historical Society, descendents are still able to enter Pieter’s door and walk Pieter‘s ...
May 15, 2019 · So, it was on to New Netherlands, where the more tolerant Dutch gave her haven in Bronksland, north of Jonas Bronck’s Emmaus farm. Anne Hutchinson, now widowed, with 16 children, settled in the Bronx, north of Pelham Bay Park where Co-Op City now sits, in Anne’s Hoeck (Ann’s Neck). By all accounts she treated the Indians well.
Aug 19, 2014 · A Bronck in the Bronx Gives a Swedish Town a Reason to Cheer. Slide 1 of 10. 1/10. Roy Gustafsson, the co-founder of the Jonas Bronck Center in Savsjo, Sweden. This weekend, the center will ...