- from Englisc to English
- The Influence of French and Latin
- Lots of Changes and Developments!
- Britain Gains Power, and So Does English
After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, three Germanic tribes invaded Britain.This changed the language the natives once spoke from Celtic to “Englisc,” otherwise known as English. Their language then, now known as “Old English,“ was soon adopted as the common language of this relatively remote corner of Europe. Surprisingly, about half of the most commonly used words in Modern English still have Old English roots. Take this sentence as an example: Eft he axode, hu ðære ðeode nama wære þe hi of comon. A few of these words are recognized as identical in spelling with their modern equivalents (he, and of). The resemblance of a few others to familiar words may be guessed (namato name, comon to come, wære to were). But only those who have made a special study of Old English will be able to understand this completely. This passage says Again, he asked what might be the name of the people from which they came. Interesting, right?
The Vikings later invaded Britain, creating a cultural shift yet again. Old English got mixed up with Old Norse and Latin. This gave English more than 2,000 new words. Thereafter, the Norman Invasion led by William the Conqueror in 1066 made a substantial impact on English. It broke down the ways of the Old English system as the French brought their heritage and language with them. French became the language of power and royalty at that time, but English still continued to developand grow by adopting a lot of sophisticated Latin and French concepts and words. No wonder 45% of English vocabulary is derived from French! Some loanwords include cafe, garage, deja vu, and entrepreneur. So, it’s safe to say that William the Conqueror changed the course of English history forever.
The amount of history between the UK and France has surely set the scene for many developments in the English language. There are many points in history where the two nations worked together, but they also didn’t see eye-to-eye on many occasions either. From the Hundred Years Warin 1337 to Napoleon’s Revolution and Exilein 1815, they’ve both had their fair share of victories and losses. In between those wars though, English rose to become the language of power and influence once again. The language continued to progress starting 1589 with William Shakespeare’s famous plays and novels, introducing (or better yet, creating) more than 2,000 English words! All these new words created new vowels that needed to be pronounced in a whole new way. The word “house” is now pronounced as howss instead of the Middle English hooss. This shift in the English language is known to be the Great Vowel Shift.
The Gutenberg pressinvented in 1440 made English become even more widespread as it was published in print and distributed for the whole world to learn and read. This allowed English literature and culture to flourish significantly! Even after Shakespeare’s time, conquests and invasions were commonplace because of power struggles and the acquisition of resources and economic profits. Mighty nations such as Britain continued to take over a lot of countries, establishing the British Empire. At its height, it was the largest empire in history and for over a century was the foremost global power. With British colonization, the colonized had to learn English, leaving new varieties of the language to develop all over the world. Canadian, Australian, New Zealand, South African, and Indian, are common variations among others. Around the 1600s, the English colonization of North America resulted in the creation of a distinct American variety of English. And this dialect became the most influen...
According to the Harvard Review, English is the fastest spreading language in human history. Not only is English one of the strongest forms of global communication, it is also widely known the global language of business. Many multi-national companies now use English as their common corporate language.
Mar 06, 2014 · The influence of American business, combined with the tradition of English left around the world by the British Empire, have made English the number one language of international trade in the 21 st Century. All of the world’s top business schools now teach in English.
People often call English the international language of business, and it’s increasingly true as international trade expands every year, bringing new countries into contact. Many of the best MBA programs are taught in English, so speaking it well can put you in a position to get the best training and credentials. Most multinational companies require a certain degree of English proficiency from potential employees so in order to get a position with a top company, more and people are learning ...
The spread of English across the Globe: Social, Political and Cultural factors. From the seventeenth century onwards, the English began to extend their language over the world. It is due to so important factors as the power of the British Empire, the importance in the Industrial revolution taking place in England for the first time or the supremacy of America in all over the world.
Oct 05, 2019 · By the late 18th century the British Empire had facilitated the spread of Modern English through its colonies and geopolitical dominance. Commerce, science and technology, diplomacy, art, and formal education all contributed to English becoming the first truly global language. How did English evolve into modern language?
Oct 06, 2014 · Gordin says that English was far from the dominant scientific language in 1900. The dominant language was German. “So the story of the 20th century is not so much the rise of English as the ...
Jun 21, 2017 · One hundred years ago the First World War ( July 28, 1914 – November 11, 1918 ) was a truly global conflict, bringing together different nations, different classes of people, speaking different languages and even different dialects of English. From this mixing pot, and the horrors of war, mainstream English changed. 10. Serbia is served
- Jon Lucas
English expressions derived from Ancient Greek culture. Greek mythology has been very influential in Western culture, particularly its art and literature. Unsurprisingly, some common expressions in English derive from these ancient myths and beliefs. To have an 'Achilles heel' means to have a weakness or vulnerable point.