Ingrid Bergman (29 August 1915 – 29 August 1982) was a Swedish actress who starred in a variety of European and American films, television movies, and plays. With a career spanning five decades, she is often regarded as one of the most influential screen figures in cinematic history.
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Ingrid Bergman Ingrid Bergman (help · info) (29 August 1915 – 29 August 1982) was a Swedish actress. Biography. Born in Stockholm, Bergman enrolled at Royal Dramatic Drama School. She began acting in Sweden before moving to Hollywood in 1939.
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Ingrid Bergman was a Swedish actress who appeared in a number of critically acclaimed European and American films and television series. She subsequently received a number of awards, primarily during the 1940s and 1950s, though she did receive some recognition during the 1930s, 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s.
- Style of Working
- Personal Life
- Awards and Nominations
- See Also
- External Links
Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born on 14 July 1918 in Uppsala, Sweden, the son of Erik Bergman, a Lutheran minister and later chaplain to the King of Sweden, and Karin (née Åkerblom), a nurse who also had Walloon ancestors. The Bergman family was originally from Järvsö in Gävleborg county. Bergman's paternal grandfather worked as a pharmacist in Stockholm, and his paternal great grandfather Henrik Bergman worked as an assistant vicar and was married to Erika Augusta Agrell, daughter of vicar Erik...
Film career until 1975
Bergman's film career began in 1941 with his work rewriting scripts, but his first major accomplishment was in 1944 when he wrote the screenplay for Torment (a.k.a. Frenzy) (Hets), a film directed by Alf Sjöberg. Along with writing the screenplay, he was also appointed assistant director of the film. In his second autobiographical book, Images: My Life in Film, Bergman describes the filming of the exteriors as his actual film directorial debut. The film sparked debate on Swedish formal educat...
Tax evasion charges in 1976
On 30 January 1976, while rehearsing August Strindberg's The Dance of Death at the Royal Dramatic Theatrein Stockholm, he was arrested by two plainclothes police officers and charged with income tax evasion. The impact of the event on Bergman was devastating. He suffered a nervous breakdown as a result of the humiliation, and was hospitalised in a state of deep depression. The investigation was focused on an alleged 1970 transaction of 500,000 Swedish kronor (SEK) between Bergman's Swedish co...
Bergman developed a personal "repertory company" of Swedish actors whom he repeatedly cast in his films, including Max von Sydow, Bibi Andersson, Harriet Andersson, Erland Josephson, Ingrid Thulin, Gunnel Lindblom, and Gunnar Björnstrand, each of whom appeared in at least five Bergman features. Norwegian actress Liv Ullmann, who appeared in nine of Bergman's films and one televisual film (Saraband), was the last to join this group (in the film Persona), and ultimately became the most closely...
By Bergman's own account, he never had a problem with funding. He cited two reasons for this: one, that he did not live in the United States, which he viewed as obsessed with box-office earnings; and two, that his films tended to be low-budget affairs. (Cries and Whispers, for instance, was finished for about $450,000, while Scenes from a Marriage, a six-episode television feature, cost only $200,000.)
Bergman usually wrote his films' screenplays, thinking about them for months or years before starting the actual process of writing, which he viewed as somewhat tedious. His earlier films are carefully constructed and are either based on his plays or written in collaboration with other authors. Bergman stated that in his later works, when on occasion his actors would want to do things differently from his own intention, he would let them, noting that the results were often "disastrous" when h...
Marriages and children
Bergman was married five times: 1. 25 March 1943 – 1945, to Else Fisher (1 March 1918 – 3 March 2006), choreographer and dancer (divorced). Offspring: 1.1. Lena Bergman, actress, born 1943. 2. 22 July 1945 – 1950, to Ellen Lundström (23 April 1919 – 6 March 2007), choreographer and film director (divorced). Children: 2.1. Eva Bergman, film director, born 1945 2.2. Jan Bergman, film director (1946–2000) 2.3. the twins Mats and Anna Bergman, both actors and film directors, born in 1948. 3. 1951...
In 1958, he won the Best Director award for Brink of Life at the Cannes Film Festival, and won the Golden Bear for Wild Strawberries at the Berlin International Film Festival. In 1960 Bergman was featured in the cover of TIME, the first foreign-language filmmaker to do so since Leni Riefenstahl in 1936. In 1971, Bergman received the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award at the Academy Awards ceremony. Three of his films (Through a Glass Darkly, The Virgin Spring, and Fanny and Alexander) won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. In 1997, he was awarded the Palme des Palmes (Palm of the Palms) at the 50th anniversary of the Cannes Film Festival. He won many other awards and has been nominated for numerous other awards. Academy Awards
In 1996, Entertainment Weekly ranked Bergman at No. 8 in its "50 Greatest Directors" list.In 2002, Bergman was listed at number nine on the British Film Institute's Sight & Sound list of the top ten film directors of modern times. MovieMaker magazine ranked Bergman at No. 13 on their 2002 list of The 25 Most Influential Directors of All Time. Bergman was ranked at No. 36 on Empire magazine's "Top 40 Greatest Directors of All-Time" list in 2005. In 2007, Total Film magazine ranked Bergman at No. 7 on its "100 Greatest Film Directors Ever" list.In 2017, New York magazine ranked Bergman at number 55 on their list of The 100 Best Screenwriters of All Time. Bergman's work was a point of reference and inspiration for director Woody Allen. He described Bergman as “probably the greatest film artist, all things considered, since the invention of the motion picture camera”. Bergman's films are mentioned and praised in Annie Hall and others of Allen's films. Allen also admired Bergman's longti...Bergman on Bergman: Interviews with Ingmar Bergman. By Stig Björkman, Torsten Manns, and Jonas Sima; translated by Paul Britten Austin. Simon & Schuster, New York. Swedish edition copyright 1970; E...Filmmakers on filmmaking: the American Film Institute seminars on motion pictures and television(edited by Joseph McBride). Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co., 1983.Images: my life in film, Ingmar Bergman. Translated by Marianne Ruuth. New York, Arcade Pub., 1994, ISBN 1-55970-186-2Steene, Birgitta (1 January 2005). Ingmar Bergman: A Reference Guide. Amsterdam University Press. ISBN 9789053564066.
Quotations related to Ingmar Bergmanat Wikiquote Media related to Ingmar Bergmanat Wikimedia Commons 1. Ingmar Bergman Foundation 2. Ingmar Bergman at IMDb 3. Ingmar Bergman at the Swedish Film Database 4. Ingmar Bergman at the TCM Movie Database 5. Ingmar Bergman, film on The Guardian 6. Ingmar Bergman on the British Film Institute 7. The Ingmar Bergman Foundation 8. Ingmar Bergman all posters 9. The Guardian/NFT interview with Liv Ullmann by Shane Danielson, 23 January 2001 10. Bergman Week 11. Regilexikon 12. DVD Beaver's Director's Chairon Bergman, with links to DVD and Blu-ray comparisons of his major films Bibliographies 1. Ingmar Bergman Bibliography (via UC Berkeley) 2. Ingmar Bergman Site 3. Collection of interviews with Bergman
- Early life
- Early career
- Later career
Ingrid Bergman was one of the greatest actresses from Hollywood's lamented Golden Era. Her natural and unpretentious beauty and her immense acting talent made her one of the most celebrated figures in the history of American cinema. Bergman is also one of the most Oscar-awarded actresses, tied with Meryl Streep, both second only to Katharine Hepburn.
Ingrid Bergman was born on August 29, 1915 in Stockholm, Sweden, to a German mother, Frieda Henrietta (Adler), and a Swedish father, Justus Samuel Bergman, an artist and photographer. Her mother died when she was only two and her father died when she was 12. She went to live with an elderly uncle.
The woman who would be one of the top stars in Hollywood in the 1940s had decided to become an actress after finishing her formal schooling. She had had a taste of acting at age 17 when she played an uncredited role of a girl standing in line in the Swedish film Landskamp (1932) in 1932 - not much of a beginning for a girl who would be known as \\"Sweden's illustrious gift to Hollywood.\\" Her parents died when she was just a girl and the uncle she lived with didn't want to stand in the way of Ingrid's dream. The next year she enrolled at the Royal Dramatic Theatre School in Stockholm but decided that stage acting was not for her. It would be three more years before she would have another chance at a film. When she did, it was more than just a bit part. The film in question was The Count of the Old Town (1935), where she had a speaking part as Elsa Edlund. After several films that year that established her as a class actress, Ingrid appeared in Intermezzo (1936) as Anita Hoffman. Luckily for her, American producer David O. Selznick saw it and sent a representative from Selznick International Pictures to gain rights to the story and have Ingrid signed to a contract. Once signed, she came to California and starred in United Artists' 1939 remake of her 1936 film, Intermezzo (1939), reprising her original role. The film was a hit and so was Ingrid.
Ingrid continued to make films in Italy and finally returned to Hollywood in 1956 in the title role in Anastasia (1956), which was filmed in England. For this she won her second Academy Award. She had scarcely missed a beat. Ingrid continued to bounce between Europe and the US making movies, and fine ones at that. A film with Ingrid Bergman was sure to be a quality production. In her final big-screen performance in 1978's Autumn Sonata (1978) she had her final Academy Award nomination. Though she didn't win, many felt it was the most sterling performance of her career. Ingrid retired, but not before she gave an outstanding performance in the mini-series A Woman Called Golda (1982), a film about Israeli prime minister Golda Meir. For this she won an Emmy Award as Best Actress, but, unfortunately, she did not live to see the fruits of her labor.
- August 29, 1915 in Stockholm, Sweden
- 5' 10" (1.78 m)
- Utmärkelser och Nomineringar
- Externa länkar
Ingrid Bergman var dotter till konstnären och fotografen Justus Bergman (1871–1929) och Friedel Adler (1884–1918). Modern var född i Kiel i Tyskland och föräldrarna ingick äktenskap 13 juni 1907 i Hamburg. 1908 födde hon en dödfödd son och några år senare fick de ytterligare ett barn, som dog efter några veckor, så Ingrid Bergman var deras enda överlevande barn. Vid tiden för hennes födelse var de bosatta på Strandvägen 3 - i kvarteret närmast intill Kungliga Dramatiska Teatern - där Justu...
År 1935 gjorde Bergman sin första riktiga filmroll i Sigurd Walléns film Munkbrogreven mot Edvin Adolphson. Nästa uppgift var rollen som Astrid i Swedenhielms. Sedan följde i rask takt Ivar Johanssons Bränningar och Gustaf Edgrens Valborgsmässoafton med Lars Hanson och Victor Sjöström. Samtliga 1935. Men den film som kom att betyda mest för Ingrid Bergmans karriär var Gustaf Molanders Intermezzo från 1936. Samarbetet med Molander fortsatte med filmerna På Solsidan, även den 1936 och En kvinna...
Stjärna i Hollywood
Bergman gjorde snabbt ett stort intryck på såväl den amerikanska som den internationella filmpubliken som uppfattade henne som en ovanligt naturlig, sund och okonstlad skönhet. Hennes popularitet steg i rasande takt och med rollen som Ilsa Lund i Michael Curtiz film Casablanca 1942blev hon en stor internationell filmstjärna. År 1943 gjorde hon rollen som Maria i Sam Woods film Klockan klämtar för dig med Gary Cooper och hon fick sin första Oscar för rollen som Paula i George Cukors film Ga...
I Fjällbacka är en byst rest till Bergmans minne och det lilla torget vid hamnen är döpt till Ingrid Bergmans torg. Ingrid Bergman är en av de internationellt mest kända svenskarna. Tillsammans med Greta Garbo är hon också en av Sveriges mest kända skådespelerskor. Hon anses av American Film Institute vara en av de 50 främsta filmstjärnorna genom tiderna. Ett flertal dokumentärfilmer och tv-program har gjorts om Ingrid Bergman genom åren, bland annat med medverkan av hennes dotter Pia Lindström. Till 100-årsminnet av hennes födelse hedrades Ingrid Bergman på Filmfestivalen i Cannes 2015, där hennes ansikte prydde festivalaffischerna och Stig Björkmans tvåtimmars dokumentärfilm Jag är Ingrid premiärvisades. Denna dokumentärfilm, som sedan visades på SVT 27 december 2016, innehåller en mängd tidigare ovisade privata smalfilmertagna av henne och familjemedlemmar samt bygger till stor del på hennes egna dagboksanteckningar. Den 20 augusti 2015 utgav svenska Postnord och amerikanska...
Ingrid Bergman tilldelades och nominerades till en stor mängd internationella priser för olika produktioner, samt några förtjänstutmärkelser. Här nedan följer några av dem.
1. Laurence Leamer, As Time Goes by, The Life of Ingrid Bergman, 1986. 2. Donald Spoto, Notorious, 1998. 3. Aleksandra Ziolkowska-Boehm, Ingrid Bergman prywatnie, Warsaw: Proszynski, 2013, ISBN 978-83-7839-518-8. 4. Aleksandra Ziolkowska-Boehm, Ingrid Bergman and her American Relatives, Lanham, MD: Hamilton Books, The Rowman @ Littlefield Publishing Group, 2013, ISBN 978-0-7618-6150-8. 5. Jag är Ingrid, dokumentärfilm av Stig Björkman, 2015.Wikimedia Commons har media som rör Ingrid Bergman.Bilder & mediaIngrid Bergman på Internet Movie Database (engelska)Ingrid Bergman på Svensk Filmdatabas