A land-grant university (also called land-grant college or land-grant institution) is an institution of higher education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890.
The concept of publicly funded agricultural and technical...
- Hatch Act and Smith–Lever Act
The mission of the land-grant universities was expanded by...
While today's land-grant universities were initially known...
- Land acknowledgement statements
In the early 21st century, a growing number of land-grant...
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From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A land-grant university is a college or university first built on land the United States government owned. They were made so that more people could go to college, and to do research that helps farmers. Every state has at least one.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Land-grant colleges and universities. This category is for land-grant universities and colleges in the United States. The main article for this category is Land-grant university.
- Hatch Act and Smith–Lever Act
- See Also
The concept of publicly funded agricultural and technical educational institutions first rose to national attention through the efforts of Jonathan Baldwin Turner in the late 1840s. The first land-grant bill was introduced in Congress by Representative Justin Smith Morrill of Vermont in 1857. The bill passed in 1859, but was vetoed by President James Buchanan.Morrill resubmitted his bill in 1861, and it was ultimately enacted into law in 1862. Upon passage of the federal land-grant law in 1862, Iowa was the first state legislature to accept the provisions of the Morrill Act, on September 11, 1862. Iowa subsequently designated the State Agricultural College (now Iowa State University) as the land grant college on March 29, 1864. The first land-grant institution actually created under the Act was Kansas State University, which was established on February 16, 1863, and opened on September 2, 1863. The oldest school...
The mission of the land-grant universities was expanded by the Hatch Act of 1887, which provided federal funds to states to establish a series of agricultural experiment stations under the direction of each state's land-grant college, as well as pass along new information, especially in the areas of soil minerals and plant growth. The outreach mission was further expanded by the Smith–Lever Act of 1914 to include cooperative extension—the sending of agents into rural areas to help bring the results of agricultural research to the end users. Beyond the original land grants, each land-grant college receives annual Federal appropriations for research and extension work on the condition that those funds are matched by state funds.
While today's land-grant universities were initially known as land-grant colleges, only a few of the more than 70institutions that developed from the Morrill Acts retain "College" in their official names; most are universities. The University of the District of Columbia received land-grant status in 1967 and a $7.24 million endowment (USD) in lieu of a land grant. In a 1972 Special Education Amendment, American Samoa, Guam, Micronesia, Northern Marianas, and the Virgin Islandseach received $3 million. In 1994, 29 tribal colleges and universitiesbecame land-grant institutions under the Elementary and Secondary Education Reauthorization Act. As of 2008, 32 tribal colleges and universities have land-grant status. Most of these colleges grant two-year degrees. Six are four-year institutions, and two offer a master's degree.
Land-grant universities are not to be confused with sea grant colleges (a program instituted in 1966), space grant colleges (instituted in 1988), or sun grant colleges (instituted in 2003). In some states, the land-grant missions for agricultural research and extension have been relegated to a statewide agency of the university system rather than the original land-grant campus; an example is the Texas A&M University System, whose agricultural missions, including the agricultural college at the system's main campus, are now under the umbrella of Texas A&M AgriLife.
The state of Georgia set aside 40,000 acres to act as a land grant to start a university in 1784, which was granted to the University of Georgia in 1785. The possession and selling of the 40,000 was the primary financing for UGA's beginning. I know this was the first state land grant to charter a university and it wasn't without its problems.
It is the state's land-grant and primary research university, and the lead university in the Idaho Space Grant Consortium. The University of Idaho was the state's sole university for 71 years, until 1963, and its College of Law, established in 1909, was first accredited by the American Bar Association in 1925.
Texas A&M University (Texas A&M or A&M) is a public land-grant research university in College Station, Texas. It was founded in 1876 and became the flagship institution of the Texas A&M University System in 1948. As of 2020, Texas A&M's student body is the largest in the United States.
- Ancient Rome
- New Zealand
A land grant is a gift of real estate – land or its use privileges – made by a government or other authority as an incentive, means of enabling works, or as a reward for services to an individual, especially in return for military service. Grants of land are also awarded to individuals and companies as incentives to develop unused land in relatively unpopulated countries; the process of awarding land grants are not limited to the countries named below. The United States historically...
Roman soldiers were given pensions at the end of their service including cash or land. Augustus fixed the amount in AD 5 at 3,000 denarii and by the time of Caracalla it had risen to 5,000 denarii. One denarius was roughly equivalent to a day's wages for an unskilled laborer.
In 1788 the British claimed all of eastern Australia as its own, and forming the colony of New South Wales in Australia. The land was claimed as crown land. Over time, it granted land to officers and released convicts. Males were allowed 30 acres, plus 20 acres if they were married, and 10 acres additional per child. Instructions were issued on 20 August 1789 that non-commissioned marine officers were to be entitled to 100 acres additional and privates to 50 acres additional. Governor Macquarie
The Hudson's Bay Company was incorporated in 1670 with the grant of Rupert's Land by King Charles II of England; this vast territory was greater than one third the area of Canada today. Following the Rupert's Land Act in the British Parliament, Rupert's Land was sold in 1869 to the newly formed Canadian Government for the nominal sum of £300,000. Land grants were an incentive for the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
The Plantations of Ireland in the 16th and 17th centuries involved the confiscation of some or all the land of Irish lords and its grant to settlers from England or Scotland. The English Parliament's Adventurers Act 1642 and Act for the Settlement of Ireland 1652 specifically entitled "Adventurers" who funded the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland to lands seized from the leaders of the Irish Rebellion of 1641 and the ensuing Confederacy.
In New Zealand two private railway companies were offered land grants to build a railway, though both were eventually taken over by the government and incorporated into the government-owned New Zealand Railways Department. 1. The Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company built and operated the 134 km Wellington-Manawatu Line north of Wellington to the Manawatu from 1881. The company was New Zealand owned. It was taken over by the government in 1908, and the line became part of the North Island Mai
- History of The Land-Grant Program
- Establishment of Land-Grant Universities
- Land-Grant Universities Today
- Benefits of Attending A Land-Grant University
In the early 1800s, advocates of agricultural education were lobbying the government to create colleges and universities specifically for agriculture and mechanical learning. Their dream was realized in 1862 when the Morrill Act granted eligible states 30,000 acres of land to establish institutes of learning that would focus on practical agriculture, science, military science, and engineering. In 1890, the Act was further expanded by a land-grant program geared toward confederate states, requ...
Kansas was the first state to take advantage of the land grant program with the establishment of Kansas State University in 1863, followed by Iowa which established State Agricultural College (now Iowa State University) in 1864. However, the oldest still existing land-grant university is actually Rutgers University in New Jersey; while it was not designated as a land-grant institution until 1864, it was founded in 1766. Eventually, according to the Association of Public and Land-Grant Univers...
In many cases, the existing modern land-grant universities have expanded to become modern public research institutions, although most still teach the practical skills upon which they were established. They still strive to provide this education to all Americans regardless of race or economic status. However, there are a few land-grant universities that are now private schools, most notably the Ivy League's Cornell University. Many land grants also receive federal funding to support agricultur...
If you're interested in a practical public education, a land-grant university may be a good choice for you. This is especially true if you're interested in staying in your home state for college, as you may receive a lower cost education and additional benefits than you would if you chose to attend an out-of-state school. And because there are more than 70 land-grant universities in the U.S., you're sure to find one in your state that closely fits your educational objectives.Resource: List of...