These lists of historical unrecognized or partially recognized states or governments give an overview of extinct geopolitical entities that wished to be recognized as sovereign states, but did not enjoy worldwide diplomatic recognition.
There are 193 United Nations (UN) member states, while both the Holy See and Palestine have observer state status in the United Nations. However, some countries fulfill the declarative criteria, are recognised by the large majority of other states and are members of the United Nations, but are still included in the list here because one or more other states do not recognise their statehood ...NameDeclaredStatusOther claimants2008Kosovo declared its independence in 2008. It is currently recognised by 98 UN members, the Republic of China, the Cook Islands, Niue, and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. Ten other UN members have recognised Kosovo and subsequently withdrawn recognition. The United Nations, as stipulated in Security Council Resolution 1244, has administered the territory since 1999 through the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, with cooperation from the European Union since 2008. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund, World Bank Group, Venice Commission, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and the International Olympic Committee, among others.Serbia claims Kosovo as part of its sovereign territory.1976Morocco invaded and annexed most of Western Sahara, forcing Spain to withdraw from the territory in 1975. In 1976, the Polisario Front declared the independence of Western Sahara as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). The SADR is largely a government in exile located in Algeria, which claims the entire territory of Western Sahara, but controls only a small fraction of it. The SADR is recognised by 40 UN member states and South Ossetia. 44 other UN member states have recognised the SADR but subsequently retracted or suspended recognition, pending the outcome of a referendum on self-determination. The remaining UN member states, including Morocco, have never recognised the SADR. The SADR is a member of the African Union. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 34/37 recognised the right of the Western Sahara people to self-determination and recognised also the Polisario Front as the representative of the Western Sahara people. Western Sahara is listed on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. No state other than Morocco officially recognises the latter's annexation of Western Sahara, but some states support the Moroccan autonomy plan. The Arab League supports Morocco's claim over the entire territory of Western Sahara.Morocco claims Western Sahara (including the area controlled by the SADR) as part of its sovereign territory.1912The Republic of China (ROC), constitutionally formed in 1912, and located primarily in Taiwan since 1949 (resulting in 'Taiwan' being frequently used to refer to the state), enjoyed majority recognition as the sole government of China until roughly the late 1950s/1960s, when a majority of UN member states started to gradually switch recognition to the People's Republic of China (PRC). The United Nations itself recognised the ROC as the sole representative of China until 1971, when it decided to give this recognition to the PRC instead (see United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2758). The ROC and PRC do not recognise each other's statehood, and each enforces its own version of the One-China policy meaning that no state can recognise both of them at the same time. The ROC is currently recognised by 14 UN members and the Holy See. Almost all the remaining UN member states, as well as the Cook Islands and Niue, recognise the PRC instead of the ROC and either accept the PRC's territorial claim over Taiwan, take a non-committal position on Taiwan's status, or sidestep the Taiwan issue entirely. A significant number of PRC-recognising states nonetheless conduct officially non-diplomatic relations with the ROC. Bhutan is the only UN member state that has never explicitly recognised the ROC or the PRC. Since the early nineties, the ROC has sought separate United Nations membership under a variety of names, including 'Taiwan'.The People's Republic of China considers itself to be the sole legitimate government of China (including Taiwan) and therefore claims exclusive sovereignty over all territory controlled by the ROC. See also: Two Chinas and One China, One Taiwan1999Abkhazia declared its independence in 1999. It is currently recognised by 6 UN member states (Russia, Syria, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, and Vanuatu), and three UN non-member states (South Ossetia, Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) and Transnistria). One UN member state (Tuvalu) had recognised Abkhazia, but subsequently withdrawn its recognition.Georgia claims both Abkhazia and South Ossetia as part of its sovereign territory.
Historic unrecognized or partially recognized states with de facto control over their territory Europe. Banat Republic (proclaimed in 1918). Now part of Romania, Serbia, and Hungary. Baranya-Baja Republic (proclaimed in 1921). Now part of Hungary and Croatia. Carpatho-Ukraine . Now part of Ukraine.
A historical sovereign state is a state that once existed, but has since been dissolved due to conflict, war, rebellion, annexation, or uprising. This page lists sovereign states, countries, nations, or empires that have ceased to exist as political entities, grouped geographically and by constitutional nature.
Removed the "have been recognized as a state by at least one other state." as this is a list as it is a list of "List of historical unrecognized states" and not a list of historical states with limited recognition. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Benuminister (talk • contribs) 00:21, 2 December 2013 (UTC)
List of historical unrecognized states and dependencies From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia These lists of historical unrecognized or partially recognized states or governments give an overview of extinct geopolitical entities that wished to be recognized as sovereign states , but did not enjoy worldwide diplomatic recognition .NamePeriodTodayNotesDeclaration of independence suspended shortly afterThe Autonomous Community of Catalonia, today part of the Kingdom of Spain, historically have demanded Independence. After an unrecognized referendum resulting in a “yes” majority, a declaration of Independence was passed in parliament but suspended to allow for negotiations. The Spanish government in Madrid has since disbanded the republic, jailing some of the Catalan leadership and forcing other leaders into exile.2014-ongoingBriefly existed, now disputedAs part of the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, on 17 March 2014 following the official announcement of the Crimean status referendum results, the Supreme Council of Crimea declared the formal independence of the Republic of Crimea, comprising the territories of both the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol. Russia officially recognised the Republic of Crimea 'as a sovereign and independent state' by decree before approving the admission of Crimea and Sevastopol as federal subjects of Russia.Donetsk People's Republic/ Luhansk People's Republic: Novorossiya confederation2014-currentDeclaration issued in 2014, currently recognized as part of UkraineNo resolution to the war in Donbass, although Minsk Protocol/Minsk II are in effect. Both states attempted to form an unrecognised union known as ''Novorossiya'' based on a historical Russian region of the same name. This project was suspended however in 2015.1993–1995Part of Bosnia and HerzegovinaThe Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia, existed during the Bosnian War. Its leader was later convicted of war crimes.
These lists of historical unrecognized or partially recognized states or governments give an overview of extinct geopolitical entities that wished to be recognized as sovereign states, but did not enjoy worldwide diplomatic recognition. The entries listed here had de facto control over their claimed
An unrecognized state may be: . A state currently not recognized by one given state (but possibly by others), see List of states with limited recognition; A proclaimed state currently not recognized by any other state, without de facto control over its claimed territory, see
Territory of Colorado (1861–1876) preceded by parts of the territories of: Kansas, Utah, New Mexico and Nebraska; became the State of Colorado. (See also Jefferson Territory .) Territory of Nevada (1861–1864) preceded by the Utah Territory and the unrecognized State of Deseret; became the State of Nevada.