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  1. Low Countries - Wikipedia

    The term Low Countries, also known as the Low Lands (Dutch: de Lage Landen, French: les Pays-Bas) and historically called the Netherlands (Dutch: de Nederlanden), Flanders, or Belgica, refers to a coastal lowland region in northwestern Europe forming the lower basin of the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta and consisting of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.

  2. The Low Countries is a term used to refer to a geographical region, especially during the Middle Ages. This region is around the deltas of the Rhine , the Scheldt and the Meuse ( Maas ). Today, the Low Countries consists of the Netherlands , Belgium , Luxembourg , and the parts of Lower-Saxony (in Germany ) that are in the region.

  3. Terminology of the Low Countries - Wikipedia

    The historic Low Countries made up much of Frisia, home to the Frisii, and the Roman provinces of Gallia Belgica and Germania Inferior, home to the Belgae and Germanic peoples like the Batavi. Throughout the centuries, the names of these ancestors have been in use as a reference to the Low Countries, in an attempt to define a collective identity.

  4. Renaissance in the Low Countries - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • Geopolitical situation and background
    • Renaissance in the Low Countries

    The Renaissance in the Low Countries was a cultural period in the Northern Renaissance that took place in around the 16th century in the Low Countries. Culture in the Low Countries at the end of the 15th century was influenced by the Italian Renaissance, through trade via Bruges, which made Flanders wealthy. Its nobles commissioned artists who became known across Europe. In science, the anatomist Andreas Vesalius led the way; in cartography, Gerardus Mercator's map assisted explorers and navigat

    In 1500, the Seventeen Provinces were in a personal union under the Burgundian Dukes, and with the Flemish cities as centers of gravity, culturally and economically formed one of the richest parts of Europe. During the course of the century the region also experienced significant changes. Humanism and Reformation led to a rebellion against the Spanish rule of Philip II of Spain and the start of the religious war. By the end of the 16th century the Northern and Southern Netherlands were effective

    Fifteenth-century painting in the Low Countries still shows strong religious influences, contrary to the Germanic painting. Even after 1500, when Renaissance influences begin to show, the influence of the masters from the previous century leads to a largely religious and narrativ

    As in painting, Renaissance architecture took some time to reach the High Countries, and did not entirely supplant the Gothic elements. The most important sculptor in the Southern Netherlands was Giambologna, who spent most of his career in Italy. An architect directly influenced

    While in painting the Low Countries were leading Northern Europe, in music the Franco-Flemish or Dutch School dominated all of Europe. In the early Renaissance, polyphonic music composers from the Low Countries such as Johannes Ciconia were working at all the European courts and

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    • Terminology
    • History
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    His­tor­i­cally, the term Low Coun­tries arose at the Court of the Dukes of Bur­gundy, who used the term les pays de par deçà (roughly, "the lands over here") for the Low Coun­tries as op­posed to les pays de par delà (roughly, "the lands over there") for the Duchy of Bur­gundy and the Free County of Bur­gundy, which were part of their realm but ge­o­graph­i­cally dis­con­nected from the Low Countries. Gov­er­nor Mary of Hun­gary used both the ex­pres­sions les pays de par deça and Pays d'Embas (roughly, the "lands down here"), which evolved to Pays-Bas or Low Countries. Today the term is typ­i­cally fit­ted to mod­ern po­lit­i­cal boundaries[citation needed] and used in the same way as the term Benelux, which also in­cludes Lux­em­bourg. The name of the mod­ern coun­try the Nether­lands has the same mean­ing and ori­gin as the term "low coun­tries" due to "nether" mean­ing "lower". The same name of these coun­tries can be found in other Eu­ro­pean lan­guages, for ex­am­ple Ger­man...

    The re­gion po­lit­i­cally had its ori­gins in Car­olin­gian em­pire; more pre­cisely, most of the peo­ple in it was within the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia. After the dis­in­te­gra­tion of Lower Lotharingia, the Low Coun­tries were brought under the rule of var­i­ous lord­ships until they came to be in the hands of the Val­ois Dukes of Bur­gundy. Hence, a large part of the low coun­tries came to be re­ferred to as the Bur­gun­dian Nether­lands also called the Sev­en­teen Provinces up to 1581. Even after the po­lit­i­cal se­ces­sion of the au­tonomous Dutch Re­pub­lic (or "United Provinces") in the north, the term "low coun­tries" con­tin­ued to be used to refer col­lec­tively to the re­gion. The re­gion was tem­porar­ily united po­lit­i­cally be­tween 1815 and 1839, as the United King­dom of the Nether­lands, be­fore this split into the three mod­ern coun­tries of the Nether­lands, Bel­gium and Lux­em­bourg.

    One of the Low Coun­tries' ear­li­est lit­er­ary fig­ures is the blind poet Bern­lef, from c.800, who sang both Chris­t­ian psalms and pagan verses. Bern­lef is rep­re­sen­ta­tive of the co­ex­is­tence of Chris­tian­ity and Ger­manic poly­the­ism in this time period.:1–2 The ear­li­est ex­am­ples of writ­ten lit­er­a­ture in­clude the Wach­t­en­donck Psalms, a col­lec­tion of twenty five psalms that orig­i­nated in the Moselle-Frank­ish re­gion around the mid­dle of the 9th century.:3


    1. Paul Arblaster. A History of the Low Countries. Palgrave Essential Histories Series New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. 298 pp. ISBN 1-4039-4828-3. 2. J. C. H. Blom and E. Lamberts, eds. History of the Low Countries(1999) 3. B. A. Cook. Belgium: A History(2002) 4. Jonathan Israel. The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477–1806(1995) 5. Oscar Gelderblom. Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250–1650(Princeton University...

  6. Folklore of the Low Countries - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • Folk songs
    • Folklore from the Middle Ages
    • Fairy tales

    Folklore of the Low Countries, often just referred to as Dutch folklore, includes the epics, legends, fairy tales and oral traditions of the people of Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg. Traditionally this folklore is written or spoken in Dutch.

    The subject matter of the oldest Dutch folk songs is very old and can go back to ancient fairy tales and legends. In fact, apart from ancient tales embedded in the 13th century Dutch folk songs, and some evidence of Celtic and Germanic mythology in the naming of days of the week and landmarks, the folk tales of the ancient Dutch people were not written down in the first written literature of the 12th century, and thus lost to us. One of the older folk tales to be in a song is Heer Halewijn, one

    The first written folklore of the Low Countries is not specifically derivative of French folklore. In this class are the romances of epic poetry of the Carolingians that usually are about Charlemagne. Dutch folklore also concerned the Christian saints and British themes of King A

    The following tales collected by the Grimm brothers: 1. Karl Katz – similar folktale retold by Washington Irving as the story of Rip Van Winkle

    Efteling has the nickname 'Guardian of fairy tales'. There are many international fairy tales depicted in the Park. But the park has also collected Dutch folktales and fairy tales and exhibited them. This is a small collection of the Dutch fairytales in Efteling

    The following fairy tales retold in English in 1918 were based on Dutch legends and collected in the book, Dutch Fairy Tales for Young Folks, 1918, compiled by William Elliot Griffis: 1. The Entangled Mermaid 2. The Boy Who Wanted More Cheese 3. The Princess with Twenty Petticoat

  7. Low Countries - Wikimedia Commons

    Sep 09, 2015 · The Low Countries are the countries on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine and Meuse rivers—usually used in modern context to mean the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg (an alternate modern term, more often used today, is Benelux).

  8. South Carolina Lowcountry - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • Geography
    • Architecture
    • Economy
    • Culture
    • Wildlife

    The Lowcountry is a geographic and cultural region along South Carolina's coast, including the Sea Islands. Once known for its slave-based agricultural wealth in rice and indigo, crops that flourished in the hot subtropical climate, the Lowcountry today is known for its historic cities and communities, natural environment, cultural heritage, and tourism industry.

    The term "Low Country" originally was all the state below the Fall Line, or the Sandhills which run the width of the state from Aiken County to Chesterfield County. The Sandhills or Carolina Sandhills is a 15-60 km wide region within the Atlantic Coastal Plain province, along the inland margin of this province. The Carolina Sandhills are interpreted as eolian sand sheets and dunes that were mobilized episodically from approximately 75,000 to 6,000 years ago. Most of the published luminescence ag

    One of the most distinctive elements of the South Carolina and Georgia Lowcountry is the architecture. Lowcountry style home architecture developed in the late 1700s and is still constructed today as the most efficient design for the subtropical climate of the low country. Lowcountry buildings have historically been constructed of timber and set on pilings or had a raised first floor. The raised first floor was a response to the often swampy environment, high water tables, and tropical cyclone f

    Originally dependent on plantation agriculture based on indigo, rice and cotton, the Lowcountry economy developed other sectors in the 20th century.

    The region's culture has Southern, Native American, European, Caribbean, and African roots. Among the more notable are the Gullah influence on St. Helena Island, the early European settlements near Beaufort and Port Royal, and the Caribbean influence on architecture in Charleston. Charleston and Beaufort have dozens of ante- and postbellum homes, with unique blends and styles of architecture. The South Carolina Artisans Center is located in Walterboro.

    Among the low country, there is an abundance of wildlife, which ranges from fiddler crabs all the way to otters. These animals hide, grow up in, and flourish in the marsh grass known as Spartina. All animals that live in the low country move constantly with the ever-changing tides.

  9. Developing country - Wikipedia

    A developing country (or a low and middle-income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), medium-industrialized country or underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.

  10. List of countries and dependencies by population - Wikipedia

    This is a list of countries and dependencies by population.It includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1.