Marburg (German pronunciation: [ˈmaːɐ̯bʊʁk] or [ˈmaʁbʊʁk]) is a university town in the German federal state (Bundesland) of Hesse, capital of the Marburg-Biedenkopf district (Landkreis). The town area spreads along the valley of the river Lahn and has a population of approximately 72,000.
Marburg is a rural town in the City of Ipswich and a locality split between the City of Ipswich and the Somerset Region, both in Queensland, Australia. In the 2016 census, Marburg had a population of 873 people.
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Marburg rauf und runter – Stadtspaziergänge durch Geschichte und Gegenwart. BdWi-Verlag, Marburg 2013, ISBN 978-3-939864-15-8. Marita Metz-Becker: Hommage an Marburg – Poetische Impressionen durch drei Jahrhunderte. Jonas, Marburg 2014, ISBN 978-3-89445-493-7. Georg Ulrich Großmann: Marburg an der Lahn.
- Human disease
Marburg virus is a hemorrhagic fever virus of the Filoviridae family of viruses and a member of the species Marburg marburgvirus, genus Marburgvirus. Marburg virus causes Marburg virus disease in humans and nonhuman primates, a form of viral hemorrhagic fever. The virus is considered to be extremely dangerous. The World Health Organization rates it as a Risk Group 4 Pathogen. In the United States, the NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases ranks it as a Category A Priority Pat
Marburg virus was first described in 1967. During the 1960s it was noticed during small outbreaks of Marburg virus disease in the German cities Marburg and Frankfurt and the Yugoslav capital Belgrade. German workers were exposed to tissues of infected grivet monkeys at the city's
The virus is one of two members of the species Marburg marburgvirus, which is included in the genus Marburgvirus, family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales. The name Marburg virus is derived from Marburg and the taxonomic suffix virus. Marburg virus was first introduced under thi
Like all mononegaviruses, marburgvirions contain non-infectious, linear nonsegmented, single-stranded RNA genomes of negative polarity that possess inverse-complementary 3' and 5' termini, do not possess a 5' cap, are not polyadenylated, and are not covalently linked to a protein
Like all filoviruses, marburgvirions are filamentous particles that may appear in the shape of a shepherd's crook or in the shape of a "U" or a "6", and they may be coiled, toroid, or branched. Marburgvirions are generally 80 nm in width, but vary somewhat in length. In general,
Niemann–Pick C1 cholesterol transporter protein appears to be essential for infection with both Ebola and Marburg virus. Two independent studies reported in the same issue of Nature showed that Ebola virus cell entry and replication requires NPC1. When cells from patients ...
In 2009, the successful isolation of infectious MARV was reported from caught healthy Egyptian fruit bats. This isolation, together with the isolation of infectious RAVV, strongly suggests that Old World fruit bats are involved in the natural maintenance of marburgviruses. Further studies are necessary to establish whether Egyptian rousettes are the actual hosts of MARV and RAVV or whether they get infected via contact with another animal and therefore serve only as intermediate hosts. In 2012 t
The viral strains fall into two clades—Ravn virus and Marburg virus. The Marburg strains can be divided into two—A and B. The A strains were isolated from Uganda, Kenya and Angola while the B strains were from the Democratic Republic of the Congo epidemic and a group of Ugandan isolates isolated in 2007–2009. The mean evolutionary rate of the whole genome was 3.3 × 10−4 substitutions/site/year.The Marburg strains had a mean root time of the most recent common ancestor of 177.9 ...
MARV is one of two Marburg viruses that causes Marburg virus disease in humans. The other one is Ravn virus. Both viruses fulfill the criteria for being a member of the species Marburg marburgvirus because their genomes diverge from the prototype Marburg marburgvirus or the Marburg virus variant Musoke by <10% at the nucleotide level.
- In popular culture
The Marburg Files, also known as the Windsor Files or Duke of Windsor Files, are a series of top-secret foreign minister archives discovered in Germany, May 1945 near the Harz Mountains and compiled at Marburg Castle, Hesse.
Whilst American troops were travelling through the outskirts of Degenershausen Estate, vast numbers of abandoned and destroyed German military vehicles were scattered among the side roads, with some containing various archives from the Nazi German government. First Lieutenant David D. Silberberg initially discovered documents signed by foreign minister of Nazi Germany Joachim von Ribbentrop, and returned to Degenershausen to further the background of his findings. After being advised of the loca
The papers of correspondence discovered are alleged to have further detailed a plot by the Nazis, titled Operation Willi and orchestrated in 1940, to persuade the Duke of Windsor to officially join sides with the Nazis and move him to Germany in a bid to bring the UK to peace negotiations. It proposed convincing the Duke of a phony plot by King George VI and Prime Minister Winston Churchill to have him assassinated upon his arrival in The Bahamas, and conspiring with him to stage a kidnapping in
British, French and American historians initially agreed to work together from 1946 in hope of releasing only documents that they felt were essential to release. A small batch was released in 1954, before the entire volume was forced into publication in 1957 with further files released in 1996 at the Public Record Office in Kew. The release of the files was reported to have caused the Duke considerable annoyance.
The Marburg Files are the main subject and focus of the episode "Vergangenheit" of the Netflix television series The Crown, which depicts Queen Elizabeth II's initial review of the documents. The episode's director Philippa Lowthorpe has stated that genuine replicas of the files were used during filming. Despite confirming that Queen Elizabeth did condemn the Duke, historian Hugo Vickers has suggested that the episode gave a false implication that the Duke was banished from the royal family upon
- Coat of arms
Marburg-Biedenkopf is a Kreis in the west of Hesse, Germany. Neighboring districts are Waldeck-Frankenberg, Schwalm-Eder, Vogelsbergkreis, Gießen, Lahn-Dill, Siegen-Wittgenstein.
The district was created in 1974 when the districts Marburg, Biedenkopf and the former urban district of Marburg were merged. The district has partnerships with Huntingdonshire in the United Kingdom, the borough of Charlottenburg in Berlin, and the district of Kościerzyna in Poland.
The coat of arms shows the lion of Hesse, as Marburg was the seat of the landgraves of Hesse, and also their tomb is located in a church in Marburg. The coat held by the lion shows the black cross of the Counts of the Teutonic Knights, who had a castle in Marburg as well.
- The colloquy
The Marburg Colloquy was a meeting at Marburg Castle, Marburg, Hesse, Germany, which attempted to solve a disputation between Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli over the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist. It took place between 1 October and 4 October 1529. The leading Protestant reformers of the time attended at the behest of Philip I of Hessen. Philip's primary motivation for this conference was political; he wished to unite the Protestant states in political alliance, and to this end, rel
Philip of Hesse had a political motivation to unify all the leading Protestants because he believed that as a divided entity they were vulnerable to Charles V. As a unified force, they would appear to be more powerful. Religious harmony was vital amongst the Protestants for there to be a unification.
Although the two prominent reformers, Luther and Zwingli, found a consensus on fourteen theological points, they could not find agreement on the fifteenth point pertaining to the Eucharist. Timothy George, an author and professor of Church History, summarized the incompatible views, "On this issue, they parted without having reached an agreement. Both Luther and Zwingli agreed that the bread in the Supper was a sign. For Luther, however, that which the bread signified, namely the body of Christ,
At the later Diet of Augsburg, the Zwinglians and Lutherans again explored the same territory as that covered in the Marburg Colloquy and presented separate statements which showed the differences in opinion.
- Notable alumni and faculty
The Philipps University of Marburg was founded in 1527 by Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse, which makes it one of Germany's oldest universities and the oldest still operating Protestant university in the world. It is now a public university of the state of Hesse, without religious affiliation. The University of Marburg has about 23,500 students and 7,500 employees and is located in Marburg, a town of 76,000 inhabitants, with university buildings dotted in or around the town centre. About 14 per cent
In 1609, the University of Marburg established the world's first professorship in chemistry. In 2012 it opened the first German interactive chemistry museum, called Chemicum. Its experimental course programme is aimed at encouraging young people to pursue careers in science.
The university is significant for its life sciences research, but is also home to one of the few centers that conduct research on the middle east, the CNMS. The departments of psychology and geography reached Excellence Group status in the Europe-wide CHE Excellence Ranking 2009.
Natural scientists who studied or taught at the University of Marburg
- related to: Marburg wikipedia