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  1. Mexico City - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mexico_City

    Mexico City alone would rank as the 30th largest economy in the world. Mexico City is the greatest contributor to the country's industrial GDP (15.8%) and also the greatest contributor to the country's GDP in the service sector (25.3%).

  2. Mexico City - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mexico_City

    Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México; abbreviated CDMX) is the capital and largest city of Mexico. It is also one of the most populous and polluted cities in the world. The Aztec people were here before the Spanish came and made Mexico City. It was founded in 1521 by Hernán Cortés. Today, about 8.5 million people live in the city, and about 18 million live in the Greater Mexico City urban area.

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  4. History of Mexico City - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_Mexico_City

    The city now known as Mexico City was founded as Mexico Tenochtitlan in 1325 and a century later became the dominant city-state of the Aztec Triple Alliance, formed in 1430 and composed of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan. At its height, Tenochtitlan had enormous temples and palaces, a huge ceremonial center, residences of political, religious, military, and merchants.

  5. Mexico - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mexico

    The Secretary of Communications and Transport of Mexico proposed a high-speed rail link that will transport its passengers from Mexico City to Guadalajara, Jalisco. The train, which will travel at 300 kilometres per hour (190 miles per hour), will allow passengers to travel from Mexico City to Guadalajara in just 2 hours.

  6. Greater Mexico City - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Greater_Mexico_City
    • Overview
    • Definition
    • Subdivisions
    • Geography and environment
    • Political administration
    • Economy

    Greater Mexico City refers to the conurbation around Mexico City, officially called Metropolitan Area of the Valley of Mexico. It encompasses Mexico City itself and 60 adjacent municipalities of the states of Mexico and Hidalgo. Mexico City's metropolitan area is the economic, political, and cultural hub of Mexico. In recent years it has reduced its relative importance in domestic manufacturing, but has kept its dominant role in the country’s economy thanks to an expansion of its tertiary...

    The phenomenon of conurbation in Mexico is relatively recent, starting in the 1940's. Mexico City became the first metropolitan area in the country when its urban core spread beyond the borders of the Federal District into the municipality of Naucalpan in the State of Mexico. From that date, there have been different proposals to establish the limits of the growing conurbation of Mexico City, and different definitions were used unofficially as the city continued to grow: between 1950 and 1980, t

    According to the latest definition by the National Population Council in 2018, the Metropolitan area of the Valley of Mexico is formed by the following subdivisions

    Greater Mexico City spreads over the valley of Mexico, also called the valley of Anáhuac, a 9,560 km2 valley that lies at an average of 2,240 m above sea level. Originally, a system of interconnected lakes occupied a large area of the valley, of which Lake Texcoco was the largest. Mexico City was built on the island of Tenochtitlan in the middle of the lake. During conquest of Mexico the dikes that protected the city from recurrent floods were destroyed and colonial authorities preferred ...

    Like it is the case with all trans-municipal metropolitan areas in Mexico, there is no elected government institution in charge of administering the entire metropolitan area. Each municipality is autonomous to administer its local affairs, regulated by the government of the states they belong to. However, unlike some other large metropolitan areas that are entirely contained in one state, like Greater Guadalajara and Greater Monterrey in which the state government coordinates metropolitan activi

    From 1940 and until 1980, Greater Mexico City experienced an intense rate of demographic growth concurrent with the economic policy of import substitution. Mexican industrial production was heavily centralized in Greater Mexico City during this period which produced intense immigration to the city. Close to 52% of the economically active population of Greater Mexico City worked in the industry sector in 1970. This situation changed drastically during the period of 1980 to 2000, in which the econ

  7. List of cities in Mexico - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_cities_in_Mexico

    The total population is 57,930,969, 45.97% of Mexico's total. The mean city population is 579,310. The median city in population is Villahermosa. The mean city growth from 2010 to 2020 is 20.77%, compared to a national growth of 12.17%. The median city in population growth is Ixtapaluca.

  8. Mexico City International Airport - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mexico_City_International

    Location. Located at the neighbourhood of Peñón de los Baños within Venustiano Carranza, one of the sixteen boroughs into which Mexico City is divided, the airport is 5 km (3.1 mi) east from Downtown Mexico City and is surrounded by the built-up areas of Gustavo A. Madero to the north and Venustiano Carranza to the west, south and east.

  9. Museum of Mexico City - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Museum_of_Mexico_City
    • Overview
    • Palace of the Counts of Santiago de Calimaya
    • Description of the palace
    • Museum of Mexico City

    The Museum of Mexico City is located at Pino Suarez 30, a few blocks south of the Zocalo, on what was the Iztapalapa Causeway, near where Hernán Cortés and Moctezuma II met for the first time. This building used to be the palace of the Counts of Santiago de Calimaya, who were the descendants of one of the conquistadors with Cortés. The house was extensively remodeled to much the appearance that it has today and remained in the family until 1960, when the Mexico City government acquired...

    After the Conquest, Hernán Cortés divided land in Mexico City around the Zocalo among his fellow Spanish conquerors as a reward for their loyalty. This particular site was awarded to Juan Gutierrez Altamirano. Fernando Altamirano y Velasco, descendant of Juan Gutierrez Altamirano, inherited the structure in the early 17th century. He eventually gained the title of the first Count of Santiago de Calimaya by decree from Philip II of Spain in 1616. He and subsequent Counts had great ...

    During the colonial period, this palace was considered one of the most sumptuous in New Spain. The structure covers 2,762 m2, has a masonry foundation, thick masonry walls, and the facade covered in tezontle. The main entrance and portal are done in cantera, a grayish-white stone, as well as the central balcony. There are also friezes on the facade done in basalt. The Baroque portal rests on four clawed feet and mascarons. It also has cannon-shaped gargoyles, which could be fired, but only with

    From the end of the 19th century and through most of the 20th century, this part of Mexico City suffered a severe decline. This house was adapted to rent space to lower-class tenants and by end of the 1950s had become tenements, in spite of the fact that it had been declared a national monument in 1931. In 1960, the Mexico City government acquired the building from the descendants of the Counts of Santiago de Calimaya in 1960. The City decided to convert this building into a museum. It hired arc

  10. Mexico - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Mexico

    Mexico is a country in North America. Mexico is south of Texas, California and other American states. Guatemala and Belize are south of Mexico. Mexico is between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. People living in Mexico or who are from there are called Mexicans. Most Mexican people speak Spanish. There are also Mexicans who speak Native American languages, like Nahuatl, Mayan, and Zapotec. The capital of Mexico is Mexico City.

    • - Mestizo 70%, - White 15%, - Indigenous 9.8%, - Other 1%
    • Mexican
    • 68 indigeneous languages
    • Spanish
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