People also ask
What is the militia in the United States?
What is the definition of militia organization?
Is the National Guard considered the militia?
What is a naval militia?
Today, as defined by the Militia Act of 1903, the term "militia" is used to describe two classes within the United States: Organized militia – consisting of state militia forces; notably, the National Guard and Naval Militia. Unorganized militia – comprising the reserve militia: every able-bodied ...
The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) identified 334 militia groups at their peak in 2011. It identified 276 in 2015, up from 202 in 2014. In 2016, the SPLC identified a total of 165 armed militia groups within the United States. National groups. As of 2020, the following militia groups have a national presence:
A militia(/mɪˈlɪʃə/)is generally an armyor some other fighting organizationof non-professionalsoldiers, citizens of a country, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon[by whom?]for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or (historically) to members of a warrior nobilityclass (e.g. knightsor samurai).
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Not to be confused with State defense force or Militia (United States). Militia organizations in the United States are private organizations that include paramilitary or similar elements. These groups may refer to themselves as militia, unorganized militia, and constitutional militia.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The U.S. ideal of the citizen soldier, in the militia, depicted by The Concord Minute Man of 1775, a monument created by Daniel Chester French and erected in 1875, in Concord, Massachusetts. The militia of the United States, as defined by the U.S. Congress, has changed over time.
List of United States militia units in the American Revolutionary War Connecticut. Backus' Regiment of Light Horse, 1776 Skinner's Regiment of Light Horse, 1776 Canfield's Regiment of... Delaware. The first militia in Delaware was formed when Swedish settlers took up arms to defend Fort Christina ...
The Militia Act of 1903, also known as the Efficiency in Militia Act of 1903 or the Dick Act, was legislation enacted by the United States Congress to create an early National Guard and which codified the circumstances under which the Guard could be federalized. It also provided federal funds to pay for equipment and training, including annual summer encampments. The new National Guard was to organize units of similar form and quality to those of the regular Army, and intended to achieve the sam
- Nineteenth Century
- Twentieth Century and Current
- List of Militia in The United States
- See Also
- External Links
From Old English milite meaning soldiers (plural), militisc meaning military and also classical Latin milit-, miles meaning soldier.The Modern English term militia dates to the year 1590, with the original meaning now obsolete: "the body of soldiers in the service of a sovereign or a state". Subsequently, since approximately 1665, militia has taken the meaning "a military force raised from the civilian population of a country or region, especially to supplement a regular army in an emergency, frequently as distinguished from mercenaries or professional soldiers." The distinction is because militia members are not paid soldiers, but serve as volunteers on an ad hoc basis to protect the freedom of their home and country.
Colonial era, pre-1774
The early colonists of America considered the militiaan important social institution, necessary to provide defense and public safety. During the French and Indian Wars, town militia formed a recruiting pool for the Provincial Forces. The legislature of the colony would authorize a certain force level for the season's campaign, based on that set recruitment quotas for each local militia. In theory, militia members could be drafted by lot if there were inadequate forces for the Provincial Regul...
Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
Just prior to the American Revolutionary War, on October 26, 1774, the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, observing the British military buildup, deemed their militia resources to be insufficient: the troop strength, "...including the sick and absent, amounted to about seventeen thousand men . . . this was far short of the number wanted, that the council recommended an immediate application to the New England governments to make up the deficiency...": The Affair At Lexington The American Revo...
Confederation period (1783–1787)
Politically, the militia was highly popular during the postwar period, though to some extent, based more on pride of victory in the recent war than on the realities. This skepticism of the actual value of relying upon the militia for national defense, versus a trained regular army was expressed by Gouverneur Morris: Robert Spitzer, citing Daniel Boorstin, describes this political dichotomy of the public popularity of the militia versus the military value: "While the reliance upon militias was...
Prior to the Civil War
In 1794, a militia numbering approximately 13,000 was raised and personally led by President George Washington to quell the Whiskey Rebellion in Pennsylvania. From this experience, a major weakness of a States' based citizen militia system was found to be the lack of systematic army organization, and a lack of training for engineers and officers. George Washington repeatedly warned of these shortcomings up until his death in 1799. Two days before his death, in a letter to General Alexander Ha...
At the beginning of the Civil War, neither the North or the South was nearly well enough prepared for war, and few people imagined the demands and hardships the war would bring. Just prior to the war the total peacetime army consisted of a paltry 16,000 men. Both sides issued an immediate call to forces from the militia, followed by the immediate awareness of an acute shortage of weapons, uniforms and trained officers. Among the available States' militia regiments there existed an uneven qual...
With passage of federal reconstruction laws between 1866 and 1870 the U.S. Army took control of the former rebel states and ordered elections to be held. These elections were the first in which African Americans could vote. Each state (except Virginia) elected Republican governments, which organized militia units. The majority of militiamen were black. Racial tension and conflict, sometimes intense, existed between the Negro freedmenand the ex-Confederate whites.In parts of the South, white p...
1. See state defense force The organized militia is the armed forces of the state. Each state has two mandatory forces which are: the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard. Many states also have state defense forcesand a naval militia, which assist, support and augment National Guard forces.
The reserve militia
All able bodied men, 17 to 45 of age, are ultimately eligible to be called up into military service and belong to the class known as the reserve militia, also known as the unorganized militia (10 USC). Able bodied men who are not eligible for inclusion in the reserve militia pool are those aliens not having declared their intent to become citizens of the United States (10 USC 311) and former regular component veterans of the armed forces who have reached the age of 64 (32 USC 313). All female...
The Ludlow massacre
In 1914, in Ludlow, Colorado, the militia was called out to calm the situation during a coal mine strike, but the sympathies of the militia leaders allied with company management resulted in the death of roughly 19 to 25 people. The Ludlow Massacrewas an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado on April 20, 1914.In retaliation for Ludlow, the miners armed themselves...
U.S. Federal militia forces
1. United States National Guard
U.S. states' militia
1. State defense forces 1.1. Naval MilitiaDavid C. Munn's scholarly work: Battles and skirmishes of the American Revolution in New Jersey
From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia The U.S. ideal of the citizen soldier, in the militia, depicted by The Concord Minute Man of 1775, a monument created by Daniel Chester French and erected in 1875, in Concord, Massachusetts. The militia of the United States, as defined by the U.S. Congress, has changed over time.
A naval militia in the United States is a reserve military organization administered under the authority of a state government . It is often composed of Navy , Marine Corps , and Coast Guard reservists , retirees and volunteers. They are distinguishable from the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary which is a federally chartered civilian volunteer component of the U.S. Coast Guard and falls under the ...