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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › New_MexicoNew Mexico - Wikipedia

    New Mexico received its name long before the present-day nation of Mexico won independence from Spain and adopted that name in 1821. The name "Mexico" derives from Nahuatl and originally referred to the heartland of the Mexica ( Aztec) Empire in the Valley of Mexico, far from the area of New Mexico.

  2. History of New Mexico. The history of New Mexico is based on archaeological evidence, attesting to varying cultures of humans occupying the area of New Mexico since approximately 9200 BCE, and written records. The earliest peoples had migrated from northern areas of North America after leaving Siberia via the Bering Land Bridge.

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    The climate for most of the state is generally semi-arid. In the summer it can be very hot in southern New Mexico. The temperature is sometimes over 100 °F (37.8 °C) with lows over 70 °F (21.1 °C). It occasionally snows in the northern part of the state in the winter. It is drier in the southern portion of the state, and it rarely snows. New Mexico is usually affected by the North American monsoonfrom mid June to late September.

    New Mexico is the long-time home of the Pueblo people, a group of Native Americans. The area was named Nuevo México (New Mexico) by the Spanish in the mid-1500s and officially settled in 1598, its capital Santa Fe was selected in 1610. In the late 1600s, the Pueblo people revolted against the Spanish. The Spanish returned twelve years later, and made a better attempt at giving the Pueblos better representation in New Mexico’s society and government. One such Spanish governor of New Mexico, that is most well known for his work with Native Americans, was named Tomás Vélez Cachupín. When Mexicobecame independent in the early 1800s, New Mexico was part of it. Mexico wasn’t successful in representing the New Mexican people, which lead to another revolt called the Chimayo Rebellion. In 1846, the United States and Mexico went to war over a border dispute in Texas (a former state of Mexico that, after being its own country for a time joined the US), and the United States won the war. The pe...

    New Mexico Indian Tribes Archived 2007-06-04 at the Wayback Machine
    Gila National Forest Archived 2007-07-26 at the Wayback Machine
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  4. The New Mexico portion of the Rio Grande lies within the Rio Grande Rift Valley, bordered by a system of faults, including those that lifted up the adjacent Sandia and Manzano Mountains, while lowering the area where the life-sustaining Rio Grande now flows. Geology and ecology

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    Nya Spanien

    Under mitten av 1500-talet utforskades hela dagens sydvästra Förenta staterna av spanska conquistadorer i jakt på guld. Området längs övre Rio Grande började koloniseras 1598 och kom att kallas Nuevo Méjico. De första spanska bosättningarna ägde rum i de bördiga dalarna norr om Santa Fe, vilken grundades som provinsen Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico huvudstad 1610. När spanjorerna kom fanns det totalt runt 300 byar och städer befolkade av puebloindianer. Spanjorernas sjukdomar och ibland övervåld mo...

    Republiken Mexiko

    Spanien försvagades i och med Napoleonkriget och kunde inte längre hålla kvar sina frihetssträvande kolonier på andra sidan havet. År 1821 blev Mexiko ett självständigt kejsardöme under Agustín de Iturbide, men general Antonio López de Santa Annastörtade kejsaren och proklamerade den mexikanska republiken tre år senare och Mexiko antog sin första konstitution 1824. Banden med Mexico City var svaga och svala; 1837 gjorde invånarna i norra delen av provinsen Nuevo Méjico uppror mot centralreger...

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    Mexikansk–amerikanska kriget bröt ut 1846 som en följd av Förenta staternas annektering av republiken Texas, vars självständighet inte erkändes av Mexiko. Förenta staternas seger blev förkrossande; två år senare hade amerikanska trupper ockuperat hela Mexiko och tvingat landet att avträda halva sin yta, hela sin norra del, till Förenta staterna. Mexiko förlorade allt sitt land från Texas till Kalifornien. Enligt fredsavtalet skulle alla mexikaner som bodde kvar i de ockuperade områdena automa...

    De tio största städerna i New Mexico (2010). 1. Albuquerque– 545 852 2. Las Cruces– 97 618 3. Rio Rancho– 87 521 4. Santa Fe– 75 764 5. Roswell– 48 366 6. Farmington– 45 877 7. Clovis– 37 775 8. Hobbs– 34 112 9. Alamogordo– 30 403 10. Carlsbad– 26 138

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  5. sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › New_MexicoNew Mexico - Wikipedia

    New Mexico (i / n uː ˈ m ɛ k s ᵻ k oʊ /) is a state locatit in the soothwast an wastren regions o the Unitit States. New Mexico is an aw uisually considered ane o the Muntain States. New Mexico is the 5t maist extensive, the 36t maist populous, an the 6t least densely populatit o the 50 Unitit States.

    • 6 Januar 1912 (47t)
    • Santa Fe
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