Rear-wheel drive (RWD) is a form of engine and transmission layout used in motor vehicles, where the engine drives the rear wheels only. Until the late 20th century, rear-wheel drive was the most common configuration for cars. Most rear-wheel drive vehicles feature a longitudinally-mounted engine at the front of the car.
Rear-wheel drive. Rear-wheel drive, or RWD, is when a car uses its rear wheels to move. This is good for dry roads, and for acceleration, or how fast you move forward, as the weight is pushed backwards on the back wheels. But, RWD cars can spin out, also called oversteer or fishtail. This can cause crashes if the driver is new and not familiar ...
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- Location of Engine and Transmission
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The most common layout for a rear-wheel drive car is a with the engine and transmission at the front of the car, mounted longitudinally. Other layouts of rear-wheel drive car include front-mid engine, rear-mid engine and rear-engine.
1890s to 1960s
Many of the cars built in the 19th centrury were rear-wheel drive, often with the engine mounted at the rear of the car. The first rear-wheel drive car with the engine mounted at the front was an 1895 Panhard model, so this layout was known as the "Système Panhard" in the early years. The layout has the advantage of minimizing mechanical complexity, as it allows the transmission to be placed in-line with the engine output shaft, spreading weight under the vehicle. In comparison, a vehicle wit...
1970s to present
After the Arab oil embargo of 1973 and the 1979 fuel crises, a majority of American FR vehicles (station wagons and luxury sedans) were phased out for the FF layout – this trend would spawn the SUV-van conversion market. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, most American companies set as a priority the eventual removal of rear-wheel drive from their mainstream and luxury lineup. Chrysler went 100% FF by 1990 and GM's American production went entirely FF by 1997 except the Corvette, Firebird and Ca...
Category:Rear-wheel-drive vehicles. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. These vehicles — some automobiles, some trucks — feature the rear-wheel-drive layout in certain models. Note that some are also available in versions with front-wheel drive or four-wheel drive .
RMR layout; the engine is located in front of the rear axle. In automotive design, an RMR, or rear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout (now simply known as MR, or mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout ), is one in which the rear wheels are driven by an engine placed just in front of them (i.e., the rear axle), behind the passenger compartment.
In automotive design, a FR, or front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout is one where the engine is located at the front of the vehicle and driven wheels are located at the rear via a drive shaft. This was the traditional automobile layout for most of the 20th century. Modern designs commonly use the front-engine, front-wheel-drive layout (FF).