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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › RepublicRepublic - Wikipedia

    Most often a republic is a single sovereign state, but there are also sub-sovereign state entities that are referred to as republics, or that have governments that are described as republican in nature. For instance, the United States Constitution "guarantee [s] to every State in this Union a Republican form of Government". [3]

  2. A republic is a form of government that has no monarchy and no hereditary aristocracy. [1] It originates from Rome. In 509 BC, the Romans overthrew the Roman Kingdom and established a republic, a government in which citizens elected representatives to rule on their behalf.

  3. A parliamentary republic is a name for a government. The system is used in many countries . What it looks like change change source In a parliamentary system, the legislature is the part of government that makes laws. The legislature also gives power to the executive (the part of government that enforces laws).

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    • Place in Plato's Corpus
    • Outline
    • Legacy
    • Criticism
    • Fragments
    • Translations
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    The Republic is generally placed in the middle period of Plato's dialogues—that is, it is believed to be written after the early period dialogues but before the late period dialogues. However, the distinction of this group from the early dialogues is not as clear as the distinction of the late dialogues from all the others. Nonetheless, Ritter, Arn...

    Books I–II: Aging, Love and the Definitions of Justice

    While visiting the city of Piraeus with Glaucon, Polemarchus tells Socratesto join him for a romp. They eventually end up at Polemarchus' house where Socrates encounters Polemarchus' father Cephalus. In his first philosophical conversation with the group members, Socrates gets into a conversation with Cephalus. The first real philosophical question posed by Plato in the book is when Socrates asks “is life painful at that age, or what report do you make of it?”when speaking to Cephalus who is...

    Book II The Ring of Gyges

    Socrates believes he has answered Thrasymachus and is done with the discussion of justice. Socrates' young companions, Glaucon and Adeimantus, continue for the sake of furthering the discussion. Glaucon argues that the origin of justice was first in social contracts aimed at preventing one from suffering injustice, unable to take revenge, second that all those who practice justice do so unwillingly and out of fear of punishment, and third that the life of the unjust man is far more blessed th...

    Book II–IV: The city and the soul

    Socrates suggests that they use the city as an image to seek how justice comes to be in the soul of an individual. After attributing the origin of society to the individual not being self-sufficient and having many needs which he cannot supply himself, they go on to describe the development of the city. Socrates first describes the "healthy state", but Glaucon considers this hardly different than "a city of pigs." Socrates then goes on to describe the luxurious city, which he calls "a fevered...

    Ancient Greece and Rome

    Aristotle systematises many of Plato's analyses in his Politics, and criticizes the propositions of several political philosophers for the ideal city-state. Zeno of Citium, the founder of Stoicism, wrote his version of an ideal society, Zeno's Republic, in opposition to Plato's Republic. Zeno's Republic was controversial and was viewed with some embarrassment by some of the later Stoics due to its defenses of free love, incest, and cannibalism and due to its opposition to ordinary education a...

    Thomas More

    Thomas More, when writing his Utopia, invented the technique of using the portrayal of a "utopia" as the carrier of his thoughts about the ideal society. More's island Utopia is also similar to Plato's Republicin some aspects, among them common property and the lack of privacy.

    Hegel

    Hegel respected Plato's theories of state and ethics much more than those of the early modern philosophers such as Locke, Hobbes and Rousseau, whose theories proceeded from a fictional "state of nature" defined by humanity's "natural" needs, desires and freedom. For Hegel this was a contradiction: since nature and the individual are contradictory, the freedoms which define individuality as such are latecomers on the stage of history. Therefore, these philosophers unwittingly projected man as...

    Gadamer

    In his 1934 Plato und die Dichter (Plato and the Poets), as well as several other works, Hans-Georg Gadamer describes the utopic city of the Republic as a heuristic utopia that should not be pursued or even be used as an orientation-point for political development. Rather, its purpose is said to be to show how things would have to be connected, and how one thing would lead to another—often with highly problematic results—if one would opt for certain principles and carry them through rigorousl...

    Popper

    The city portrayed in the Republic struck some critics as harsh, rigid, and unfree; indeed, as totalitarian. Karl Popper gave a voice to that view in his 1945 book The Open Society and Its Enemies, where he singled out Plato's state as a dystopia. Popper distinguished Plato's ideas from those of Socrates, claiming that the former in his later years expressed none of the humanitarian and democratic tendencies of his teacher.Popper thought Plato's envisioned state totalitarian as it advocated a...

    Voegelin

    Many critics, have suggested that the dialogue's political discussion actually serves as an analogy for the individual soul, in which there are also many different "members" that can either conflict or else be integrated and orchestrated under a just and productive "government." Among other things, this analogical reading would solve the problem of certain implausible statements Plato makes concerning an ideal political republic. Norbert Blössner (2007) argues that the Republic is best unders...

    Several Oxyrhynchus Papyri fragments were found to contain parts of the Republic, and from other works such as Phaedo, or the dialogue Gorgias, written around 200–300 CE. Fragments of a different version of Plato's Republic were discovered in 1945, part of the Nag Hammadi library, written ca. 350 CE.These findings highlight the influence of Plato d...

    Rowe, Christopher (2012). Plato: Republic. London: Penguin.
    Sachs, Joe (2007). Plato: Republic. Newburyport: Focus Publishing.
    Allen, R.E. (2006). Plato: The Republic. New Haven: Yale University Press.
    Reeve, C.D.C. (2004). Plato: The Republic. Indianapolis: Hackett.
    Texts of the Republic:
    The Republic public domain audiobook at LibriVox
    "Plato's Republic". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  5. Republic (political organisation) - Wikipedia Republic (political organisation) 3 languages Talk Read Edit View history Republic is a British republican pressure group advocating the replacement of the United Kingdom's monarchy with a de jure parliamentary republic. [1]

  6. The Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary republic and developed country with an advanced, high-income social market economy. It is a welfare state with a European social model, universal health care and free-tuition university education.

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