t. e. Roman Catholic is a term sometimes used to differentiate members of the Catholic Church in full communion with the pope in Rome from other Christians who also self-identify as " Catholic ". It is also sometimes used to differentiate adherents to the Latin Church and its Roman rite from other Catholics, i.e. adherents of the Eastern ...
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Roman Catholic" has occasionally appeared also in documents produced both by the Holy See, notably applied to certain national episcopal conferences, and local dioceses. The name "Catholic Church" for the whole church is used in the Catechism of the Catholic Church (1990) and the Code of Canon Law (1983).
- Diocesan history
- Archbishop's Residence
- Structure of the archdiocese
The Archdiocese of Chicago is a Latin Church archdiocesan ecclesiastical jurisdiction in the Catholic Church. It was established as a diocese in 1843 and elevated to an archdiocese in 1880. It serves the more than 2.2 million Catholics in Cook and Lake counties in Northeastern Illinois, in the United States, an area of 1,411 square miles. The archdiocese is divided into six vicariates and 31 deaneries. Blase Joseph Cupich was appointed Archbishop of Chicago in 2014 by Pope Francis, and is assist
A French Jesuit missionary, the Rev. Jacques Marquette, SJ, first explored the area that is now Chicago in the mid-17th century. On December 4, 1674, Father Marquette arrived at the mouth of the Chicago River where he built a cabin to recuperate from his travels. His cabin became
In 1795, the Potawatomi tribe signed the Treaty of Greenville that ceded to the United States a tract of land at the mouth of the Chicago River. There in 1804, Fort Dearborn was erected and protected newly arrived Catholic pioneers. In 1822, Alexander Beaubien became the first pe
At the cost of four hundred dollars, Father Saint Cyr purchased a plot of land at what is now the intersection of Lake and State Streets and constructed a church building of 25 by 35 feet. It was dedicated in October 1833. The following year, Bishop Simon Bruté of Vincennes ...
The Archbishop's Residence at 1555 North State Parkway is the official home of the Archbishop of Chicago and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Built in 1885 by the Most Rev. Patrick Feehan, first Archbishop of Chicago, it is a three-story, red brick building and is one of the oldest structures in the Astor Street District, according to the Landmarks Preservation Council. When Pope John Paul II visited Chicago in 1979, he became the first Pontiff to stay at the residence, tho
Administration The Archdiocese Pastoral Centers are Archbishop Quigley Center, 835 North Rush Street and Cardinal Meyer Center, 3525 South Lake Park Avenue, both in Chicago. Administrative Council to the Archbishop Most Reverend Robert Casey, Vicar General Stephen Kanonik, Moderator of the Curia Daniel Welter, Chancellor Jeffrey S. Grob, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicar, Vicariate I Mark A. Bartosic, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicar, Vicariate II Robert J. Lombardo, CFR, Auxiliary Bishop, Epis
- Faith and Morals
- The Pope
- Worship Practices
- Nicene Creed
- Related Pages
Like other Christians, Catholics believe Jesus is a divine person, the Son of God. They believe that because of his love for all people, he died so that all people will live forever in heaven. The Catholic Church also recognizes the Trinity; that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are together the only God.
The leader of the Roman Catholic Church is called the Pope, which literally means "father". Catholics say Jesus Christ established the Catholic Church, and appointed the first Pope, a disciple of his named Saint Peter, to lead all Christians. Over the last 2,000 years, different Popes have led the church. The current Pope is the 266th and is called Francis and he lives in the Vatican City, a very small country inside the city of Rome, Italy. For centuries, Popes have not used their birth names, but instead use a regnal name. This custom started in the sixth century when a man named Mercury was elected Pope, it was seen as inappropriate to have a Pope named after a pagan god so he named himself John II, in honor of his predecessor, John I; it became customary in the tenth century. Since the death of Marcellus II 1555, every Pope has taken a Papal name. The Catholic Church is made of 23 "particular churches", otherwise known as rites. As well as being head of the Latin Rite of the chu...
Some of the traditional practices of Roman Catholics carried out each time they pray at home or at Church include making the sign of the cross, kneeling, and bowing. Their main ceremony is the Mass. Catholics are normally required to go to amass on Sundays and on Holy Days of Obligation. In the United States, the Holy Days of Obligation are: Mary, Mother of God (January 1), The Assumption of Mary (August 15), The Immaculate Conception (of Mary) (December 8), The Ascension of Jesus (40 days after Easter), Christmas (December 25) and All Saints Day (November 1). The taking of the Eucharistis the height of the Mass. Catholics worship Jesus. They also venerate the Virgin Marymore than other Christians, calling her the "Mother of God," based on Elizabeth's greeting, "And why is this granted me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?" and also on the belief that all Christians hold that Jesus is fully man and fully God at the same time. Yet, Mary, who has nothing to do with the Div...
The Catholic Church celebrates seven sacraments. A sacrament is "an outward sign instituted (started) by Christ to give grace" (a supernatural gift of God that someone did nothing to deserve). The seven sacraments are: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders and Holy Matrimony (marriage). The Holy Eucharist is the most important of the sacraments, because Catholics believe that Jesus Christ becomes truly present in the form of bread and wine. This happens through transubstantiationwhich takes place in the Mass. Catholics believe in the necessity of love, hope and faith in order to gain salvation, but that these all come from grace. This is different from the 16th century interpretation created by Luther. Catholics interpret the Bible (God-given book) according to Tradition. Tradition is the transmission of the early church's life and teaching, as especially recorded in the writings of the Fathers of the Churchwho lived in the first centur...
Catholics, like many Christians, accept the Nicene Creed, a combination of the Council of Nicaea (AD 325) and the later Council of Constantinople(AD 382) as true. It is as follows: Eastern Orthodox and Protestants believe many of the same things. They sometime disagree on the role of the Virgin Mary and other saints, on what a priestcan do, and on how exactly God should be worshipped, among other things.
- The Early Years
- Crisis of the 1980s
- The "New" Roman Catholic High School
The Roman Catholic High School of Philadelphia was founded by Thomas E. Cahill in 1890 as the first free Diocesan Catholic high school for boys in the nation. It is also known as "Catholic High" or simply "Roman." The school is located at the intersection of Broad and Vine Streets in Center City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, within the Archdiocese of Philadelphia.
Thomas E. Cahill born May 27, 1828 was the son of Thomas Cahill, a native of County Louth Ireland colloquially known as 'the Wee County' who came to America in 1817 and of Maria Elliott, daughter of one of the oldest colonial families of Delaware. His father was a railroad contractor, who suffered heavy reverses in his business and his mother died at the age of 36. Thomas left school to do his share towards the support of a large family. At the age of 17, he opened a little store in Philadelphia
Roman Catholic was founded with funding provided by the estate of Thomas E. Cahill, a 19th-century Philadelphia merchant. He envisioned the need to create a school that offered a free Catholic education for boys, past their grammar school years. He died before he saw his vision come to life, however his wishes were followed and guided by his written will and his wife Sophia Cahill. As such, Roman Catholic opened its doors in 1890 and offered a free education to boys. Due to increased costs of st
When Roman Catholic High School was dedicated on September 6, 1890 a total of 105 boys were selected for entrance into the new high school. Later only 26 students survived economic hardships and became members of the first graduating class in 1894.The percentage of graduates compared to the number who began as freshman was a little less than 25%. It was not until 34 years later in 1928 that one-half of those who started received diplomas. During the 95 years of its opening, a total of 16,228 stu
In 1985, the Archdiocese slated the school for closing due to lowering enrollment. However, the school's alumni association, with the blessing of Philadelphia's John Cardinal Krol, embarked on a campaign to save the school. Roman's Alumni Association, which had existed for over 70 years, came together to raise funds and increase enrollment. The rector of the school even applied to have the building itself kept as a historic landmark, which was accepted. The significance of the historic landmark
Before 1986, students who attended Roman were from "feeder parishes"; Roman served as the school for the boys from the Center City, Chinatown, East Falls, Fairmount, Manayunk, North Philadelphia, and Roxborough regions of Philadelphia. Today, however, Roman enrolls boys from almost every Philadelphia neighborhood, including The Near and Far Northeast, West Philadelphia, Fishtown, Port Richmond, Mayfair, South Philly, New Jersey, Fox Chase, Roxborough, and the outlying suburbs. Roman Catholic Hig
- The Cahillites
- Thomas E. Cahill
- Fides et Scientia, (Faith and Knowledge)
- Where The Word "Catholic" Came from
- Groups Who Call Themselves "Catholic"
- Religious Beliefs
The word "Catholicism" refers to many things, including its religious beliefs (called "theologies" and "doctrines"), and its form of religious worship (called liturgies). The word also refers to Catholic religious beliefs about ethics(things that are right and wrong). It also refers to the ways that members of the Catholic religion live and practice their religion. Many people use the word "Catholicism " to talk about religious beliefs of the Catholic Church, whose leader is called the "Bishop of Rome" and often called the "Pope". The Catholic Church is based in the Vatican City, a small independent country in the city of Rome, Italy. Sometimes the word also refers to beliefs of other Christian churches, including the Eastern Orthodox Churches, who have many beliefs similar to the Catholic Church, but do not believe the Bishop of Rome is their leader. The word "Catholicism" is often used to tell the difference between the beliefs of Catholic Christians and the beliefs of others call...
The oldest document that uses the name "Catholic Church" is a letter written by a man named Ignatius. Ignatius lived in the ancient city of Antioch. In the year 107, Ignatius wrote a letter addressed to the Christian community in the ancient city of Smyrna. In this letter, Ignatius encouraged the Christian Community to be loyal to their leader, the Bishop. Ignatius wrote:
Many different denominations (groups) of Christians call themselves "catholic". Often these groups have special beliefs about their leaders, called bishops. They believe Jesus of Nazareth (whom Christians believe is the Son of God) appointed the first bishops, who appointed future bishops, who eventually appointed each community's current bishops. This appointing of leaders is called "Apostolic Succession". The groups that use the term "Catholic" to talk about themselves are the: 1. Catholic Church, which is also called the Roman Catholic Church. 2. Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox 3. Old Catholic, Anglican, and some Lutheranand other groups 4. Communities that believe they lost their "Apostolic Succession", but asked a different community to "ordain" new leaders for them. ("Ordain" or consecrate" is a word for the ceremony that makes a bishop or new religious leader.) Not all communities believe that other communities use the term "catholic" properly. Also, not all communitie...
How it was started
Catholicism was started as a result of Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish man whom Christians believe is the Son of God, a Christian belief known as the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). Catholics believe Jesus to be a descendant of David, a Jewish king from a long time ago. Jesus was crucified by the Romans in the year 33 AD. Catholics believe Jesus rose from the dead, and spoke to his followers, called the twelve Apostles. They also believe that Jesus rose into Heaven, and then sent the Holy...
Quarrels within the church
In time, several groups split off from the Catholic Church because of differing opinions of theology. This caused breaks from the Church called schisms. Most schisms happened because people had different beliefs about what is true. In 451, a church division happened when all the church leaders meeting at the Church Council in the city of Chalcedon excommunicated (cut off) three leaders, because they held to monophysitism and would not accept the view that Jesus had two natures (fully divine a...
The same aspects of Catholic and other Christians
1. The Ten Commandment 2. The belief that God knows everything, that God has unlimited power, and that everything God does is good 3. The belief that Jesus Christdied for the sins of the world, rose again, and one day "will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead." 4. The importance of worshipping God. 5. The infallibility of the bible
What is different from Eastern Orthodox Christians
1. The supremacy of the Bishop of Rome(also known as the pope) 2. the Filioque clause(Nicene creed)
What is different from mainstream Protestants
1. Catholics believe in the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist (this is called Transubstantiation). 2. Roman Catholics believe God forgives sins through the sacrament of reconciliation (penance), which is performed through a priest, while most Protestants do not believe in the sacrament. 3. Roman Catholics believe it is important to live by Scripture and Tradition, which the teaching of the Church's Magisterium (the bishops in communion with the Pope) come from, while most Protestants b...