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  1. Saladin - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Saladin

    Saladin died in Damascus in 1193, having given away much of his personal wealth to his subjects. He is buried in a mausoleum adjacent to the Umayyad Mosque. Saladin has become a prominent figure in Muslim, Arab, Turkish and Kurdish culture, and has been described as the most famous Kurd in history.

    • Al-Adid

      Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh ibn Yūsuf (Arabic: أبو محمد عبد الله...

  2. Saladin - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Saladin

    Saladin, or Sultan Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb (25 December 1138–1193) was a famous Sultan of Egypt and Syria during the Crusades. [1] A Muslim of Kurdish origin, [2] [3] [4] Saladin led the Muslim opposition to the European Crusaders in the Levant .

  3. Saladin Governorate - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Salahuddin_province
    • Summary
    • Overview
    • Autonomy

    The Saladin or Salah ad Din Governorate is a governorate in Iraq, north of Baghdad. The governorate has an area of 24,363 square kilometres. The estimated population in 2003 was 1,042,200 people. The capital is Tikrit; the governorate also contains the significantly larger city of Samarra. Before 1976 the governorate was part of Baghdad Governorate. The province is named after leader Saladin, a Kurdish Muslim leader who defeated the Crusaders at Hattin, and who hailed from the province. Salah ad

    Saladin Governorate contains a number of important religious and cultural sites. Samarra, the governorate's largest city, is home to both the Al-Askari Shrine, the Sardab where the 12th Imam al-Mahdi went into occultation, and the Great Mosque of Samarra with its distinctive Malwiya minaret. Samarra was also the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century CE, and today Abbasid Samarra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The ancient Neo-Assyrian Empire Assyrian city of Assur is located in Al

    In October 2011, the government in Saladin governorate declared itself a semi-autonomous region within Iraq. The government explained that the declaration was in response to the central government's "domination over the provincial council authorities". Saladin, which is a largely Sunni governorate, is also hoping that by declaring themselves an autonomous region within Iraq, it will entail them to a larger portion of government funding. The council cited "article 119 of Iraq's constitution" in i

    • 24,751 km² (9,556 sq mi)
    • Ammar Jabr Al-Jubouri
  4. Saladin the Victorious - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Salladin_the_Victorious
    • Overview
    • Background
    • Production
    • Plot
    • Reception

    Saladin the Victorious, also known as Saladin and the Great Crusades, is a 1963 Egyptian war drama film directed by Youssef Chahine. It was written by Youssef El Sebai, based on the novel by Naguib Mahfouz. It stars Ahmed Mazhar as Saladin, Salah Zulfikar, Mohamed Abdel Gawad, Tewfik El Dekn, Omar El-Hariri, Mahmoud El-Meliguy, Leila Fawzi, Hamdi Gheiss, Ahmed Luxor, Nadia Lutfi, Hussein Riad, Laila Taher and Zaki Toleimat. It was entered into the 3rd Moscow International Film Festival. The film

    For some historical context, the movie depicts the events of the Third Crusade. What happens during those events is that after Saladin reclaimed Jerusalem, the European powers led by King Richard of England, Emperor Barbarossa of Germany and King Phillip Augustus of France joined together to reclaim it and return it to Christian hands. This resulted in the war between the Europeans and Saladin, which lasted for three years before a truce was made between Saladin and King Richard, allowing Saladi

    Budget was enormous at this time in Egypt, reaching 120,000 L.E. The poster was created by Egyptian artist Mohamed Ragheb.

    The story of Saladin portrays the title character, ruler of the kingdoms surrounding Jerusalem, during the events of the Third Crusade. The film starts with Jerusalem, which is under the authority of the Christians of Europe, having its Muslim pilgrims slaughtered by the Christians in the holy lands. Saladin upon hearing this news seeks the reclamation of the holy lands in a short, almost impossible campaign. He succeeds in taking back Jerusalem, which leads the powers of Europe to organize the

    It is considered one of most important Arabic movie considered an epic. Though, Some were upset that there are inaccurate historical events and facts. Also it is infamous for a production mistake showing a military officer wearing a wristwatch.

  5. Saladin - Wikipedia

    sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › Saladin

    Saladin. Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb ( Arabic: صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب ‎; Kurdish: سه‌لاحه‌دین ئه‌یوبی , Selahedînê Eyûbî ‎; Turkis: Selahattin Eyyubi) (1137/1138 – Mairch 4, 1193), better kent in the Wastren warld as Saladin, wis the first Sultan o Egyp an Sirie an the foonder o the ...

  6. Saladin - Wikipedia

    sh.wikipedia.org › wiki › Saladin
    • Bitka Kod Hitina
    • Reagovanje krstaša
    • Vanjske Veze

    Ova bitka se odigrala 3-4. jula 1187. godine, počela je u petak, sveti muslimanski dan i dan koji je Salahu bio omiljen za borbu. Izmamio je krstaše daleko izvan utvrđenja u pustinju, gde su po njih kobni bili žeć i vrućna. Krstaška vojska koja je brojala 25000 ljudi bila je potpuno uništena. Istaknuti zarobljenik je bio Luj de Gizinjak, Jerusalimski kralj, koga je Saladin ljubazno dočekao. Njegovog druga Režinalda od Šationa, narušitelja mira i čoveka koji je pljačkao karavane koji su imali dozvolu za trgovinu sustigla je grozna sudbina, pogubljen je.Nedugo nakon toga Jerusalimje kapitulirao, 2. oktobra. Saladin je ušao u grad a hrišćani su bili prestrašeni, međutim, Saladin je zabranio bilo kakvo iživljavanje na hrišćanima. Zauzimanje Jerusalima podiglo je Saladinov ugled, pa je on ostao zapamćen kao jedan od najvećih muslimanskih vladara.

    Pad Jerusalima Zapadna Evropa nije posmatrala mirno, ona se odmah pripremala za odgovor. Prvi je sa velikom vojskom, negde oko 100 000, krenuo Fridrih kralj Nemačke, ali se utopio kada je prelazio jednu reku u Kilikiji, pa se njegova velika vojska uglavnom vratila kući, neki su ipak ostali i pomogli Ričardu Lavljeg Srca, kralju Engleske. Opseli su Akru, i nakon duge opsade skoro 2 godine Akra je pala. Ričard je zarobio oko 3000 muslimana, i tražio je za njih otkup i vraćanje svetog krsta. Međutim Saladin je oklevao da plati i da da sveti krst. Ričard je izgubio strpljenje i pogubio je zarobljenike. To je izazvalo bes muslimana, naravno i Saladinov koji je sa zarobljenim hrišćanima u Jerusalimu postupio potpuno suprotno. Sklopljen je mir 2.novembra 1192. godine. po kojem obala Svete zemljepripada krstašima, a unutrašnjost muslimanima, i hodočasnici u Jerusalim ne smiju se zlostavljati.

    • Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb
    • 1174–1193
    • cca. 1137–1138
    • 1174, Kairo
  7. Saladin - Wikipedia

    ro.wikipedia.org › wiki › Saladin

    Saladin, pictură din secolul al XII-lea. Pe fondul lipsei de unitate din sânul comunității islamice, cruciații au ajuns în 1096 în Levant, întemeind formațiuni statale ale căror capitale erau la Edessa, Antiohia, Ierusalim și Tripoli. În 1127 Zengi, un ofițer turc din trupele selgiucide, sub dominația cărora se aflau orașele ...

    • يُوسُف أبن أيوب بن شاذي بن مروان بن يعقوب الدُويني التكريتي
    • Marea Moschee din Damasc
  8. Saladin - Wikipedia

    war.wikipedia.org › wiki › Saladin
    • Bibliograpiya
    • Dugang Nga Barasahon
    • Mga Sumpay Ha Gawas

    Panguna nga kuruhaan

    1. Bahā' al-Dīn Ibn Shaddād (2002). The Rare and Excellent History of Saladin. Ashgate. ISBN 978-0-7546-3381-5. 2. Imad ad-Din al-Isfahani (1888). C. Landberg. ed (in French). Conquête de la Syrie et de la Palestine par Salâh ed-dîn. Brill.

    Sekondarya nga kuruhaan

    1. Bosworth, Clifford (1989). Van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W. P.; Pellat, Ch.. eds. Mahk-Mid. The Encyclopaedia of Islam. VI. E. J. Brill. ISBN 90-04-08112-7. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=PvwUAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA781&lpg=PA781&dq=%22Salah+al-Din%22+pahlavan+OR+pahlawan&source=web&ots=vLzdvFPf4b&sig=_3D6G6BCDM3V6Sg4siHpW_8SuG0&hl=en. Ginkuhà May 18, 2008. 2. Gabrieli, Francesco; Costello, E. J. (1984). Arab historians of the crusades. London: Routledge & Kegan. p. 362. ISBN 978-0-7102-0235-2. 3....

    Bowman, Alan K. (1986). Egypt after the pharaohs 332 BC-AD 642 : from Alexander to the Arab conquest. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-05930-6. https://archive.org/details/e...
    Gibb, H.A.R. (1973). The Life of Saladin: From the Works of Imad ad-Din and Baha ad-Din. Clarendon Press. ISBN 978-0-86356-928-9.
    Hindley, Geoffrey (2007). Saladin: Hero of Islam. Pen & Sword. ISBN 1-84415-499-8.
    Husain, Shahnaz (1998). Muslim heroes of the crusades : Salahuddin and Nuruddin. London: Ta-Ha. ISBN 978-1-897940-71-6.
  9. Battle of Hattin - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Battle_of_Hittin

    Ruad. The Battle of Hattin ( Arabic: معركة حطين ‎) took place on 4 July 1187, between the Crusader states of the Levant and the forces of the Ayyubid sultan Saladin (Salah ad-Din). It is also known as the Battle of the Horns of Hattin, due to the shape of the nearby extinct volcano of Kurûn Hattîn .

    • July 3-4, 1187
    • Decisive Ayyubid victory
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