Seoul was the capital of various Korean states, including Baekje, Joseon, the Korean Empire, Goryeo (as a secondary capital), and presently South Korea. Strategically located along the Han River , Seoul's history stretches back over two thousand years, when it was founded in 18 BC by the people of Baekje , one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea .
Seoul is the center of politics, economy, culture, transportation, and education for South Korea. Seoul is in the middle of the Korean Peninsula. Han River (한강 Han-gang) is a major river in South Korea and the fourth longest river on the Korean peninsula. This river goes across Central Seoul.
The history of Seoul can be traced back as far as 18 BC, although humans have occupied the area now known as Seoul since Paleolithic Age. It has been the capital of numerous kingdoms on the Korean Peninsula since it was established.
The Korean Wikipedia is written almost entirely in hangul. Hanja is only used in order to clarify certain phrases, and is usually parenthesized. There is a group, named Dajimo, that is actively working to introduce a mixed script system to the Korean Wikipedia.
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The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is a metropolitan railway system consisting of 23 rapid transit, light metro, commuter rail and people mover lines located in northwest South Korea. The system serves most of the Seoul Metropolitan Area including the Incheon metropolis and satellite cities in Gyeonggi province .
- 수도권 전철, Sudogwon Jeoncheol
- 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 ¹⁄₂ in) standard gauge
Seoul se nalazi na sjeverozapadu zemlje, južno od Korejske demilitarizirane zone, na rijeci Han i nadmorskoj visini od 87 m. Središte grada okruženo je mnogobrojnim brdima, a u samom centru nalazi se brdo Namsan (korejski: hangul: 남산 hanja: 南山 ) (Južno brdo) s televizijskim tornjem i žičarom.
The Korean War broke out when Soviet-backed North Korea invaded South Korea, though neither side gained much territory as a result. The Korean Peninsula remained divided, the Korean Demilitarized Zone being the de facto border between the two states. In June 1950 North Korea invaded the South, using Soviet tanks and weaponry.
Seoul's tap water recently became safe to drink, with city officials branding it "Arisu" in a bid to convince the public. Efforts have also been made with afforestation projects. Another multibillion-dollar project was the restoration of Cheonggyecheon, a stream running through downtown Seoul that had earlier been paved over by a motorway.