The Southern Rocky Mountains are a major subregion of the Rocky Mountains of North America located in the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Wyoming, the central and western portions of Colorado, the northern portion of New Mexico, and extreme eastern portions of Utah. The Southern Rocky Mountains are also commonly known as the Southern Rockies, and since the highest peaks are located in the State of Colorado, they are sometimes known as the Colorado Rockies, although many important ...
- 14,440 ft (4,400 m)
- Colorado, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming
- Rocky Mountains
- Mount Elbert
The Southern Rocky Mountain Front is an elongated geographic region located along the eastern and southern face of the Southern Rocky Mountains in the U.S. states of Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico. The region comprises the southern portion of the Rocky Mountain Front geographic region of Canada and the United States. The Southern Rocky Mountain Front had a population of 5,467,633 according to the 2010 United States Census. The region is one of the fastest growing regions in the United States
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- Ecology and climate
The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America. The Rocky Mountains stretch 3,000 mi in straight-line distance from the northernmost part of British Columbia, in western Canada, to New Mexico in the Southwestern United States. The northern terminus is located in the Liard River area east of the Pacific Coast Ranges, while the southernmost point is near the Albuquerque area adjacent the Rio Grande Basin and north of the Sandia–Manzano...
The name of the mountains is a translation of an Amerindian name that is closely related to Algonquian; the Cree name as-sin-wati is given as, "When seen from across the prairies, they looked like a rocky mass". The first mention of their present name by a European was in the journal of Jacques Legardeur de Saint-Pierre in 1752, where they were called "Montagnes de Roche".
The Rocky Mountains are often defined as stretching from the Liard River in British Columbia:13 south to the headwaters of the Rio Grande in New Mexico. The Rockies vary in width from 110 to 480 kilometres. The Rocky Mountains contain the highest peaks in central North America. The range's highest peak is Mount Elbert located in Colorado at 4,401 metres above sea level. Mount Robson in British Columbia, at 3,954 metres, is the highest peak in the Canadian Rockies.
The rocks in the Rocky Mountains were formed before the mountains were raised by tectonic forces. The oldest rock is Precambrian metamorphic rock that forms the core of the North American continent. There is also Precambrian sedimentary argillite, dating back to 1.7 billion years ago. During the Paleozoic, western North America lay underneath a shallow sea, which deposited many kilometers of limestone and dolomite.:76 Glaciers, such as Jackson Glacier in Glacier National Park, Montana, as shown
There are a wide range of environmental factors in the Rocky Mountains. The Rockies range in latitude between the Liard River in British Columbia and the Rio Grande in New Mexico. Prairie occurs at or below 550 metres, while the highest peak in the range is Mount Elbert at 4,400 metres. Precipitation ranges from 250 millimetres per year in the southern valleys to 1,500 millimetres per year locally in the northern peaks. Average January temperatures can range from −7 °C in Prince George ...
Since the last great ice age, the Rocky Mountains were home first to indigenous peoples including the Apache, Arapaho, Bannock, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Coeur d'Alene, Kalispel, Crow Nation, Flathead, Shoshone, Sioux, Ute, Kutenai, Sekani, Dunne-za, and others. Paleo-Indians hunted t
Recent human history of the Rocky Mountains is one of more rapid change. The Spanish explorer Francisco Vázquez de Coronado—with a group of soldiers, missionaries, and African slaves—marched into the Rocky Mountain region from the south in 1540. In 1610, the Spanish ...
After 1802, American fur traders and explorers ushered in the first widespread Caucasian presence in the Rockies south of the 49th parallel. The more famous of these include Americans William Henry Ashley, Jim Bridger, Kit Carson, John Colter, Thomas Fitzpatrick, Andrew Henry, an
De Southern Rocky Mountains of Colorado Rockies zijn een geheel van bergketens in de Amerikaanse deelstaten Colorado, New Mexico en Wyoming.Het grootste deel en de hoogste delen van de Southern Rockies liggen in het centrale en westelijke deel van Colorado, ten westen van Denver.
The Southern Rocky Mountainsare a major subregion of the Rocky Mountainsof North Americalocated in the southeastern portion of the U.S. stateof Wyoming, the central and western portions of Colorado, the northern portion of New Mexico, and extreme eastern portions of Utah. The Southern Rocky Mountains are also commonly known as the Southern Rockies, and since the highest peaksare located in the State of Colorado, they are sometimes known as the Colorado Rockies, although many important ranges ...
The southern Rocky Mountain wolf ( Canis lupus youngi) is an extinct subspecies of gray wolf which was once distributed over southeastern Idaho, southwestern Wyoming, northeastern Nevada, Utah, western and central Colorado, northwestern Arizona (but north of the Grand Canyon), and northwestern New Mexico. It was a light-colored, medium-sized subspecies closely resembling the Great Plains wolf ( C. l. nubilus ), though larger, with more blackish-buff hairs on the back.
The geology of the Rocky Mountains is that of a discontinuous series of mountain ranges with distinct geological origins. Collectively these make up the Rocky Mountains, a mountain system that stretches from Northern British Columbia through central New Mexico and which is part of the great mountain system known as the North American Cordillera. The rocky cores of the mountain ranges are, in most places, formed of pieces of continental crust that are over one billion years old. In the south, an
Southern San Juan Mountains: Summit Peak: 13,307 ft 4056 m: 2,760 ft 841 m: 39.6 mi 63.7 km La Plata Mountains: Hesperus Mountain: 13,237 ft 4035 m: 2,852 ft 869 m: 24.5 mi 39.5 km Mosquito Range: Mount Lincoln: 14,293 ft 4357 m: 3,862 ft 1177 m: 22.5 mi 36.2 km Tenmile Range
The Southern Rocky Mountains make up the southern part of the much larger Rocky Mountains of North America. This range occupies parts of three western states with the greatest majority of it spread throughout the western half of Colorado.