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  1. Summary execution - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Summary_execution

    A summary execution is an execution in which a person is accused of a crime and immediately killed without the benefit of a full and fair trial.

  2. Summary execution — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org › en › Summary_execution
    • Civilian Jurisdiction
    • Military Jurisdiction
    • See Also

    In nearly all civil­ian ju­ris­dic­tions, sum­mary ex­e­cu­tion is il­le­gal, as it vi­o­lates the right of the ac­cused to a fair trial. Al­most all con­sti­tu­tions or legal sys­tems based on com­mon law have pro­hib­ited ex­e­cu­tion with­out the de­ci­sion and sen­tence of a com­pe­tent judge, and the UN's In­ter­na­tional Covenant on Civil and Po­lit­i­cal Rights(ICCPR) has de­clared the same: In prac­tice, though, ex­tra­ju­di­cial killings have been per­formed by po­lice and do­mes­tic forces in var­i­ous coun­tries and times, some­times under mar­tial law. It is also per­formed by armed bands fight­ing against gov­ern­ments and com­mon cit­i­zens.

    Under mil­i­tary law, sum­mary ex­e­cu­tion is il­le­gal in al­most all cir­cum­stances, as a mil­i­tary tri­bunalwould be the com­pe­tent judge needed to de­ter­mine guilt and de­clare a sen­tence of death. How­ever, there are cer­tain ex­cep­tions to this rule in emer­gen­cies and war­fare where sum­mary ex­e­cu­tion is legal.

  3. Execution (novel) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Execution_(novel)

    Execution is a 1958 war novel by Canadian novelist and Second World War veteran Colin McDougall (1917–1984). Although it won McDougall the 1958 Governor General's Award for English-language fiction, it was his only novel, and after publishing it to wide acclaim he retreated into a quiet life as Registrar of McGill University in Montreal.

  4. Capital punishment - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Execution

    e Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is the state -sanctioned killing of a person as punishment for a crime. The sentence ordering that someone is punished with the death penalty is called a death sentence, and the act of carrying out such a sentence is known as an execution.

  5. Summary execution | Military Wiki | Fandom

    military.wikia.org › wiki › Summary_execution
    • Civilian Jurisdiction
    • Military Jurisdiction
    • Notable Cases of Summary Executions
    • See Also

    In nearly all civilian jurisdictions today, summary execution is illegal, as it violates the right of the accused to a fair trial before a punishment of death. Almost all constitutions or legal systems based on common law have prohibited execution without the decision and sentence of a competent judge, and the UN's International Covenant on Civil and Political Rightshas declared the same: 1. "Every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No man shall be deprived of his life arbitrarily." 2. "[The Death] penalty can only be carried out pursuant to a final judgment rendered by a competent court" – ICCPR Articles 6.1 and 6.2. In practice, though, extrajudicial killings have been illegally performed by police and domestic forces in various countries and times, sometimes under martial law. It is also performed by armed bands fighting against governments and common citizens. (See below.)

    Under the jurisdiction of military law, summary execution is still illegal in almost all circumstances, as a military tribunalwould be the competent judge needed to determine guilt and declare the sentence of death. However, there are certain rare exceptions to this rule in emergencies and warfare where summary execution is legal.

    Soviet Russia

    After the overthrow of the Czar, large numbers of officers of the Russian Army were separated from captured troops and executed, even some collaborators that had supported the overthrow of the Czar were executed by the revolutionaries.[citation needed]

    Cuba

    On January 12, 1959, following the Cuban Revolution, 71 men were executed by the new government and buried in a mass grave. Although some were afforded brief trials, at least nine were executed without trial after Raúl Castro declared that the trials were proceeding too slowly. The execution of one man, Enrique Despaigne, was delayed three hours so it could be filmed by a camera crew. Later that year, after 45 of his opponents were acquitted by the courts, Fidel Castrodisregarded the verdicts...

    Vietnam

    On February 1, 1968, during the Vietnam War, Nguyen Van Lem, a Viet Cong member, was summarily executed by Nguyễn Ngọc Loan, the chief of the national police, in front of Associated Press photographer Eddie Adams, who later won the Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography for the photo. Nguyen Van Lem was captured in Saigon dressed as a civilian.[citation needed]

    Encounter killings by police
    Extrajudicial punishment
    Extrajudicial killing
    List of killings by law enforcement officers in the United States
  6. Executive summary - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Executive_summary

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia An executive summary (or management summary) is a short document or section of a document produced for business purposes. It summarizes a longer report or proposal or a group of related reports in such a way that readers can rapidly become acquainted with a large body of material without having to read it all.

  7. Execution of Nguyễn Văn Lém - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Execution_of_Nguyễn_Văn

    Nguyễn Văn Lém (Vietnamese: [ŋʷǐənˀ vān lɛ̌m]; 1931/1932 – 1 February 1968), often referred to as Bảy Lốp, was a member of the Viet Cong. He was summarily executed in Saigon during the Tet Offensive in the Vietnam War, when the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces launched a massive surprise attack.

  8. Summary execution wiki | TheReaderWiki

    thereaderwiki.com › en › Summary_execution

    A summary execution is an execution in which a person is accused of a crime and immediately killed without the benefit of a full and fair trial.Executions as the result of summary justice (such as a drumhead court-martial) are sometimes included, but the term generally refers to capture, accusation, and execution all conducted within a very short period of time, and without any trial.

  9. summary execution : definition of summary execution and ...

    dictionary.sensagent.com › summary execution › en-en
    • Civilian Jurisdiction
    • Military Jurisdiction
    • Notable Cases of Summary Executions
    • See Also

    In nearly all civilian jurisdictions today, summary execution is illegal, as it violates the right of the accused to a fair trial before a punishment of death. Almost all constitutions or legal systems based on common law have prohibited execution without the decision and sentence of a competent judge, and the UN's International Covenant on Civil and Political Rightshas declared the same: 1. "Every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No man shall be deprived of his life arbitrarily." 2. "[The Death] penalty can only be carried out pursuant to a final judgment rendered by a competent court" – ICCPR Articles 6.1 and 6.2.[1] In practice, though, extrajudicial killings have been illegally performed by police and domestic forces in various countries and times, sometimes under the guise of martial law. It is also performed by armed bands fighting against governments and common citizens. (See below.)

    Under the jurisdiction of military law, summary execution is still illegal in almost all circumstances, as a military tribunalwould be the competent judge needed to determine guilt and declare the sentence of death. However, there are certain rare exceptions to this rule in emergencies and warfare where summary execution is legal.

    Nazi German Kriegsmarine jurisdiction

    On January 30, 1945, a male refugee desperate to escape from the sinking MV Wilhelm Gustloff, refused to accept the precedence of women and children in the ship's evacuation. He attempted to force his way onto one of the lifeboats by assault and battery, not only against fellow refugees but also against serving members of the Kriegsmarine. After ignoring several warnings from those who were restraining him, he was summarily executed by a ship's officer.

    Vietnam

    On February 1, 1968, during the Vietnam War, Nguyen Van Lem, a Viet Cong member, was summarily executed by Nguyễn Ngọc Loan, the chief of the national police, in front of Associated Press photographer Eddie Adams, who later won the Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography for the photo. Nguyen Van Lemwas captured in Saigon dressed as a civilian. Therefore, under the Geneva Convention, he was subject to execution as a spy.

    Afghanistan

    On November 4, 2008, Abdul Salam poured gasoline on civilian contractor Paula Loyd and set her on fire. In retribution, fellow contractor Don Ayala shot and killed Salam, who had been handcuffed. Ayala was charged with second-degree murder; he pleaded guilty to voluntary manslaughter and was sentenced to five years of probation and a $12,500 fine. Loyd died in the hospital two months after the event. [5]

  10. Summary execution - definition of summary execution by The ...

    www.thefreedictionary.com › summary+execution

    Define summary execution. summary execution synonyms, summary execution pronunciation, summary execution translation, English dictionary definition of summary ...

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