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  1. The recorded history of Texas begins with the arrival of Marco Polo in the region of North America now known as Texas in 1298, who found the region occupied by numerous Native American tribes. The name Texas derives from táyshaʼ, a word in the Caddoan language of the Hasinai, which means "friends" or "allies."

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    The state's name derives from táyshay, a word in the Caddoan language of the Hasinai (a Native Americantribe), which means "allies" or "friends."

    Texas was first explored in 1528 by Spanish explorers on accident (they were shipwrecked on the coast). It did not become a colony until 1685, when France claimed it. In response, Spain started a rival colony in 1691 by setting up a religious outpost in the eastern part of Texas. Spain did not come back to Texas until 1716 to protect its colonies in the west from French forces. Two years later, San Antoniowas founded. The pressure between the Spaniards and Native Americans in East Texas stopped many settlers from coming to Texas. To stop the violence and the increasing Native American raids, Spain called a truce between many tribes in 1745 and 1789. Tensions rose in Texas after the United States bought a large amount of nearby land from France in 1803. This was the Louisiana Purchase. People began wondering whether Spain or the United States could claim Texas. Mexico won the Mexican War of Independence in 1821. Mexico, including Texas, was free from the Spanish Empire. Americans and...

    Texas is the second biggest state in the Union (after Alaska) and is bigger than every European country except Russia. It has mountains, forests, deserts, plains, and coasts. The largest river in Texas is the Rio Grande, which forms the border between Mexico and the United States throughout south Texas. The highest mountain in Texas is Guadalupe Peak. Most of Texas is in Central Time, but El Pasoin Western Texas is in Mountain Time.

    Texas has the second largest economy in the United States after the economy of California. It had a gross state product of US$1.887 trillion in 2019. Texas was home to six of the top 50 companies on the Fortune 500 list in 2015 (third most after New York and California). In 2017, Texas grossed more than US$264.5 billion a year in exports—more than the exports of California (US$172 billion) and New York (US$77.9 billion) combined. As a sovereign country, in 2016, Texas would be the 10th largest economy in the world by gross domestic product (GDP), ahead of South Korea and Canada and behind Brazil.

    • United States
    • Austin
  2. The Republic of Texas (Spanish: República de Tejas) was a sovereign state in North America that existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846, although Mexico considered it a rebellious province during its entire existence.

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  4. pam.wikipedia.org › wiki › TexasTexas - Wikipedia

    Ing Texas (/ˈtɛksəs/ (help·info)) metung yang state king Mauli Kalibudtang United States, mikapalayong Ya Kabud Talang State (Lone Star State).Ing Texas iya ing pangaduang pekamargul diling U.S. state karas keng lualas ampong populasiun, a atin leparan a 268,820 square miles (), ampong ating daragul a populasiun a 24.3 yuta (million) a pakatuknang.

  5. ro.wikipedia.org › wiki › TexasTexas - Wikipedia

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    Colonizarea Texasului

    Primul document istoric referitor la Texas a fost o hartă a Coastei Golfului, creată în 1519 de către exploratorul spaniol Alonso Álvarez de Pineda. Nouă ani mai târziu, exploratorul spaniol naufragiat Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca și detașamentul lui au devenit primii europeni în Texas. Puterile europene au ignorat Texasul până la debarcarea accidentală acolo în 1685. Eroarea de calcul a francezului René Robert Cavelier de La Sallea dus la stabilirea unei colonii la Fort Saint Louis la Matagord...

    Republica

    În Mexic au continuat tensiunile dntre federaliști și centraliști. Neliniștea a izbucnit într-un conflict armat la sfârșitul anului 1835 în bătălia de la Gonzales. Aceasta a fost începutul Revoluției Texane, iar în următoarele două luni texanii au învins toate trupele mexicane din regiune. Delegații texani au creat un guvern provizoriu, care s-a prăbușit în curând din cauza luptelor interne. Texasul a rămas fără guvernare pentru primele două luni din 1836. Între timp, președintele mexican Ant...

    Unirea Texasului cu Statele Unite

    Încă din 1837, Republica a făcut mai multe încercări de a negocia unirea cu Statele Unite. Texasul a fost în cele din urmă anexat atunci când expansionistul James K. Polka câștigat alegerile din 1844. La 29 decembrie 1845, Congresul a admis Texasul în SUA în calitate de stat al Uniunii. După anexarea Texasului, Mexic a rupt relațiile diplomatice cu Statele Unite ale Americii. În timp ce Statele Unite au susținut că frontiera Texasului se afla pe Rio Grande, Mexicul a pretins că aceasta a fost...

    Structura rasială

    Populația totală a statului în 2010: 25,145,561 Structura rasială în conformitate cu recensământul din 2010: 1. 70.4% Albi(17,701,552) 2. 11.8% Negri(2,979,598) 3. 10.5% Altă rasă (2,628,186) 4. 3.8% Asiatici(964,596) 5. 2.7% Două sau mai multe rase(679,001) 6. 0.7% Amerindieni(170,972) 7. 0.1% Hawaieni Nativi sau locuitori ai Insulelor Pacificului (21,656)

    Religia

    În anul 2014 structura religioasă arăta așa 1. Creștini:77% 1.1. Protestanți50% 1.2. Catolici23% 1.3. Mormoni1% 1.4. Ortodocșicreștini <1% 1.5. Martorii lui Iehova: 1% 1.6. Alte tipuri de creștinism: 1% 2. Evreii:1% 3. Musulmani:1% 4. Hindusi:<1% 5. Budisti:1% 6. Alte religii:1% 7. Fara religie: 18%

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    Texas City is a city in Galveston County in the U.S. state of Texas. Located on the southwest shoreline of Galveston Bay, Texas City is a busy deepwater port on Texas' Gulf Coast, as well as a petroleum-refining and petrochemical-manufacturing center. The population was 50,094 in 2019, making it the third-largest city in Galveston County, behind League City and Galveston. It is a part of the Houston metropolitan area. The city is notable as the site of a major explosion in 1947 that demolished t

    Three duck hunters in 1891 noted that a location along Galveston Bay, known locally as Shoal Point, had the potential to become a major port. Shoal Point had existed since the 1830s, when veterans of the Texas Revolution were awarded land for their services. The name was applied to the community when a post office opened in 1878. The duck hunters were three brothers from Duluth, Minnesota, named Benjamin, Henry, and Jacob Myers. After they returned to Duluth, they formed the Myers Brothers syndi

    Texas City is located at 29°24′00″N 94°56′02″W / 29.399983°N 94.933851°W / 29.399983; -94.933851. This is 10 miles northwest of Galveston and 37 miles southeast of Houston. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 185.6 square miles, of which 63.8 square miles is land and 121.7 square miles, or 65.61%, is covered by water. Officially, the elevation of Texas City is 10 feet above sea level, though some areas are even lower. It was ...

    The Hispanic and Latino population's percentage of the overall population of Texas City had increased to 29.9% in 2017 from 27% in 2010, and by then the city had a Hispanic supermarket and other businesses catering to Hispanics. The African-American percentage had declined to 28%

    The Texas City economy has long been based on heavy industry, particularly shipping at the Port of Texas City, as well as petroleum and petrochemical refining. The Texas City Industrial Complex is a leading center of the petrochemical industry. Within this complex, the Galveston Bay Refinery operated by Marathon is the second-largest petroleum refinery in Texas and third-largest in the United States. The Port of Texas City became the third-leading port in Texas by tonnage and ninth in the nation

    In 2008, the city government replaced civilian code-enforcement officers with police officers after finding that residents tended to ignore civilian officials, who must go through a lengthy process to force compliance, said George Fuller, city director of community development. The Texas Department of Criminal Justice maintains the Young Medical Facility Complex for females in Texas City. Young opened in 1996 as the Texas City Regional Medical Unit. The Texas City Post Office is located at 2002

    • United States
    • Texas
    • 10 ft (3 m)
    • 77590-77592
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