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  1. Tuberculosis - Wikipedia

    Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) bacteria. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs , but can also affect other parts of the body. [1] Most infections show no symptoms, in which case it is known as latent tuberculosis . [1]

  2. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. In the past, people called it consumption. TB is caused by several types of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease usually attacks the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body.

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  4. Tuberculosis in human culture - Wikipedia

    Through its effect on the world's population and major artists in various fields, tuberculosis has influenced history. The disease was for centuries associated with poetic and artistic qualities in its sufferers, and was known as "the romantic disease". Many artistic figures including the poet John Keats, the composer Frédéric Chopin and the artist Edvard Munch either had the disease or were close to others who did. Tuberculosis played prominent and recurring roles in diverse fields. These ...

  5. Timeline of tuberculosis - Wikipedia

    Description of tuberculosis is developed in medical literature. Toward 1800s sanatoria start to open for treating patients, with often successful outcomes. Understanding of the pathogenesis of tuberculosis begins with the works of Laennec, Villemin and the identification of the tubercle bacillus as the etiologic agent by Robert Koch. 1920s–1930s

  6. Tuberculosis management - Wikipedia

    Tuberculosis management refers to the medical treatment of the infectious disease tuberculosis (TB).. The standard "short" course treatment for TB is isoniazid (along with pyridoxal phosphate to obviate peripheral neuropathy caused by isoniazid), rifampicin (also known as rifampin in the United States), pyrazinamide, and ethambutol for two months, then isoniazid and rifampicin alone for a ...

  7. Tuberculosis vaccines - Wikipedia

    Tuberculosis (TB) vaccines are vaccinations intended for the prevention of tuberculosis.Immunotherapy as a defence against TB was first proposed in 1890 by Robert Koch. Today, the only effective tuberculosis vaccine in common use is bacilli Calmette-Guérin (BCG), first used on humans in 1921.

  8. Tuberculosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
    • Overview
    • Symptoms
    • Causes
    • Risk Factors
    • Complications
    • Prevention
    • The Mayo Clinic Experience and Patient Stories

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially serious infectious disease that mainly affects your lungs. The bacteria that cause tuberculosis are spread from one person to another through tiny droplets released into the air via coughs and sneezes.Once rare in developed countries, tuberculosis infections began increasing in 1985, partly because of the emergence of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HIV weakens a person's immune system so it can't fight the TB germs. In the United States, because of stronge...

    Although your body may harbor the bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB), your immune system usually can prevent you from becoming sick. For this reason, doctors make a distinction between: 1. Latent TB. In this condition, you have a TB infection, but the bacteria remain in your body in an inactive state and cause no symptoms. Latent TB, also called inactive TB or TB infection, isn't contagious. It can turn into active TB, so treatment is important for the person with latent TB and to help con...

    Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spread from person to person through microscopic droplets released into the air. This can happen when someone with the untreated, active form of tuberculosis coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs or sings.Although tuberculosis is contagious, it's not easy to catch. You're much more likely to get tuberculosis from someone you live with or work with than from a stranger. Most people with active TB who've had appropriate drug treatment for at least two we...

    Anyone can get tuberculosis, but certain factors can increase your risk of the disease. These factors include:

    Without treatment, tuberculosis can be fatal. Untreated active disease typically affects your lungs, but it can spread to other parts of your body through your bloodstream. Examples of tuberculosis complications include: 1. Spinal pain. Back pain and stiffness are common complications of tuberculosis. 2. Joint damage. Tuberculous arthritis usually affects the hips and knees. 3. Swelling of the membranes that cover your brain (meningitis). This can cause a lasting or intermittent headache that...

    If you test positive for latent TB infection, your doctor may advise you to take medications to reduce your risk of developing active tuberculosis. The only type of tuberculosis that is contagious is the active variety, when it affects the lungs. So if you can prevent your latent tuberculosis from becoming active, you won't transmit tuberculosis to anyone else.

    Our patients tell us that the quality of their interactions, our attention to detail and the efficiency of their visits mean health care like they've never experienced. See the stories of satisfied Mayo Clinic patients.

  9. Tuberculosis - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    Tuberculosis del sistema nervioso central: tuberculosis del cerebro, médula espinal o meninges. Causada por Mycobacterium tuberculosis o, más raro, por Mycobacterium bovis. Tuberculosis genitourinaria: causa habitual de piuria estéril (leucocitos en orina sin germen visible). El acceso de la infección al aparato genitourinario suele ser por ...

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