- Class 5: This class of truck has a GVWR of 16,001–19,500 pounds or 7,258–8,845 kilograms. The heavy-duty trucks category includes commercial truck classes 7 and 8. Drivers of vehicles in these classes are required to have a Class B commercial driving license (CDL) to operate the vehicle. 2
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Mar 30, 2016 · Under Class 5 trucks, you will find bucket vehicles (think of the ones you see working on telephone poles), city delivery trucks, and large commercial trucks. They’re one of the heavier trucks that you don’t need a CDL to drive and are great for gaining experience.
Class 5 —This class covers trucks with GVWRs from 16,001 to 19,500 pounds. There are still a few vehicles in this class that straddle the line between non-commercial and commercial use such as Ford’s F-550. However, this class is where more commercial vehicles emerge.
- Understanding Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
- Light-Duty Trucks
- Medium-Duty Trucks
- Heavy-Duty Trucks
- Vehicle Regulations
The GVWR is a safety standard used to prevent the overloading of trucks. It's the maximum safe operating weight of a vehicle, and it includes the net weight of the vehicle itself, plus passengers, drivers, fuel, and cargo. The GVWR of a truck does not change after a manufacturer determines it for a vehicle. The vehicle manufacturer determines the GVWR by considering the combined weight of the strongest weight-bearing components, such as the axles; and the weaker components, such as the body, frame, suspension, and tires. This determines the vehicle's class, which determines the regulations that it needs to follow. In some cases, drivers may need to obtain a certain type of license before driving a vehicle.
The light-duty trucks category includes commercial truck classes 1, 2, and 3. 1. Class 1: This class of truck has a GVWR of 0–6,000 pounds or 0–2,722 kilograms. 2. Class 2: This class of truck has a GVWR of 6,001–10,000 pounds or 2,722–4,536 kilograms.1
The medium-duty trucks category includes commercial truck classes 4, 5, and 6. 1. Class 3: This class of truck has a GVWR of 10,001–14,000 pounds or 4,536–6,350 kilograms. 2. Class 4: This class of truck has a GVWR of 14,001–16,000 pounds or 6,351–7,257 kilograms. 3. Class 5: This class of truck has a GVWR of 16,001–19,500 pounds or 7,258–8,845 kilograms. 4. Class 6: This class of truck has a GVWR of 19,501–26,000 pounds or 8,846-11,793 kilograms.1
The heavy-duty trucks category includes commercial truck classes 7 and 8. Drivers of vehicles in these classes are required to have a Class B commercial driving license (CDL) to operate the vehicle.2 1. Class 7: This class of truck has a GVWR of 26,001 to 33,000 pounds or 11,794–14,969 kilograms. 2. Class 8: This class of truck has a GVWR of greater than 33,001 pounds or 14,969 kilograms and includes all tractor-trailers.1
If a vehicle has a GVWR of more than 10,001 pounds and is used for a business, including nonprofits, then it is subject to federal and state safety regulations for the safe operation of commercial motor vehicles. Vehicles over this weight are required to stop at state weigh and inspection stations, and drivers must follow regulations concerning hours of service and medical examination. A driver does not need a CDL to operate vehicles in Class 1 through Class 6, but each one with a GVWR over 10,001 pounds has to be identified with the name of the company and the USDTnumber.3 It's important to remember to always check with the U.S. Department of Transportation and your state and local transportation authorities to ensure that you are in compliance with the most recent rules, regulations, and laws. If you're operating a commercial vehicle outside of the United States, then you'll need to contact the transportation authority of the county in which you plan to operate the vehicle.
The CV Series is built tough and adaptable. With commercial-grade design, the class 4/5 truck opens up a world of opportunities from landscape and plow to service and recovery tow. CV Series is an ideal solution for ambulance, utility and box truck applications. Make CV your next 4500/5500 truck.
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- Light Duty
- Medium Duty
- Heavy Duty
Weight: 6,000 lbs. and lighter Examples: Ford Ranger, Chevrolet Colorado, GMC Canyon, Dodge Dakota, Toyota Tacoma These are the smallest and lightest trucks. They’re not much use for towing or hauling, but if you’re a homeowner or do-it-yourselfer, Class 1 trucks will be enough for you. SUVs and small pickup trucks fall under this category, as do some types of cargo vans and minivans.
Weight: 6,001 – 10,000 lbs. Examples: Chevrolet Silverado 1500, Chevrolet Silverado 2500, Dodge Ram 1500, Dodge Ram 2500, Ford F-150, Ford F-250, GMC Sierra 1500, Nissan Titan Full-size or half-ton pickups are usually under Class 2. Class 2 trucks can haul between 2,000 and 3,000 pounds on their beds. Sometimes, this class is split into two more categories — Class 2a and 2b. Class 2a trucks have a GVWR of 6,001 to 8,500 pounds, while Class 2b trucks have a GVWR of 8,501 to 10,000 pounds.
Weight: 10,001 – 14,000 lbs. Examples: Chevrolet Silverado 3500, Dodge Ram 3500, Ford E-350, Ford F-350, GMC Sierra 3500 If you have a heavy-duty pickup truck, chances are it’s a Class 3 truck. Class 3 trucks are often used for “work truck” jobs, “contractor truck” jobs, and the like. You can also put certain types of walk-ins, city delivery trucks, and box trucks under this category.
Weight: 14,001 – 16,000 lbs. Examples: Dodge Ram 4500, Ford E-450, Ford F-450, GMC 4500 Of the medium duty trucks, Class 4 trucks are the lightest. You can spec them as you wish by adding “chassis cabs” to convert them into makeshift ambulances, box trucks, or wreckers. Bucket trucks, certain types of city delivery trucks, and large walk-ins belong to this category.
Weight: 16,001 – 19,500 lbs. Examples: Dodge Ram 5500, Ford F-550, Freightliner M2 GMC 5500, International TerraStar The job capabilities of Class 4 and Class 5 trucks tend to overlap a bit. Aside from Class 4 jobs, Class 5 trucks can also do construction and “fleet vehicle” work. This category includes all remaining bucket trucks, large walk-ins, and city delivery trucks.
Weight: 19,501 – 26,000 lbs. Examples: Chevrolet Kodiak (GMC TopKick) C6500, Ford F-650, Freightliner M2 106, International Durastar 4300 Beverage trucks, rack trucks, single-axle trucks, and school buses are some of the vehicles that fall under Class 6. They look and feel like Class 5 vehicles, except they can tow and haul heavier loads. In fact, you can spec Class 6 trucks to work almost as well as Class 7 and 8 vehicles.
Weight: 26,001 – 33,000 lbs. Examples: Ford F-750, GMC C7500, International WorkStar, Mack Granite If you want to drive a Class 7 truck, you need a Class-B commercial driver’s license (CDL) as Class 7 drivers mostly work in heavy duty industries like construction, garbage collection, and livestock transportation. Vehicles under this category include tractors and city transit buses. To get a CDL, visit your state’s DMV, ask for a Class-B CDL application form, and get ready for a written and a...
Weight: 33,001 lbs. and heavier Examples: Tractor Trailer, 18-Wheelers Of the trucks on this list, Class 8 trucks are one of the most common. Sleeper cabs, dump trucks, truck tractors, and cement trucks are examples of Class 8 vehicles. Since Class 8 trucks are the biggest and heaviest of their kind, they require drivers to get a Class-A or Class-B CDL. Class-A CDLs are for combination vehicles like tractor-trailers, while Class-B CDLs are for non-combination vehicles. There’s a lot of consid...
The Class 8 truck gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) is a vehicle with a GVWR exceeding 33 000 lb (14 969 kg). These include tractor trailer tractors, single-unit dump trucks of a GVWR over 33,000 lb, as well as non-commercial chassis fire trucks; such trucks typically have 3 or more axles.
Nov 03, 2014 · The fleet market for Class 5 and Class 6, medium-duty work trucks is heavily dependent on vocational buyers, with construction being one of the key segments.
- related to: What are Class 5 trucks?