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What are the categories of trucks?
What are the different types of trucks?
What are Class 3 vehicles?
Truck classification for medium trucks involves Classes 4, 5, and 6. That’s where commercial trucks start to show up. Classes 4 and 5 include some full-size trucks used non-commercially. Still, most of the medium-class vehicles are made and used for commercial purposes. Class 4—The GVWRs for this class range between 14,001 and 16,000 pounds. This class is where you’ll find the Ford E-450 passenger van and F-450 super duty pickup.
The classes range from 1–8. Trucks are also classified more broadly by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), which groups classes 1–2 as light duty, 3–6 as medium duty, and 7–8 as heavy duty; a commercial driver's license (CDL) is generally required to operate heavy duty trucks.
- Understanding Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
- Light-Duty Trucks
- Medium-Duty Trucks
- Heavy-Duty Trucks
- Vehicle Regulations
The GVWR is a safety standard used to prevent the overloading of trucks. It's the maximum safe operating weight of a vehicle, and it includes the net weight of the vehicle itself, plus passengers, drivers, fuel, and cargo. The GVWR of a truck does not change after a manufacturer determines it for a vehicle. The vehicle manufacturer determines the GVWR by considering the combined weight of the strongest weight-bearing components, such as the axles; and the weaker components, such as the body, frame, suspension, and tires. This determines the vehicle's class, which determines the regulations that it needs to follow. In some cases, drivers may need to obtain a certain type of license before driving a vehicle.
The light-duty trucks category includes commercial truck classes 1, 2, and 3. 1. Class 1: This class of truck has a GVWR of 0–6,000 pounds or 0–2,722 kilograms. 2. Class 2: This class of truck has a GVWR of 6,001–10,000 pounds or 2,722–4,536 kilograms.1
The medium-duty trucks category includes commercial truck classes 4, 5, and 6. 1. Class 3: This class of truck has a GVWR of 10,001–14,000 pounds or 4,536–6,350 kilograms. 2. Class 4: This class of truck has a GVWR of 14,001–16,000 pounds or 6,351–7,257 kilograms. 3. Class 5: This class of truck has a GVWR of 16,001–19,500 pounds or 7,258–8,845 kilograms. 4. Class 6: This class of truck has a GVWR of 19,501–26,000 pounds or 8,846-11,793 kilograms.1
The heavy-duty trucks category includes commercial truck classes 7 and 8. Drivers of vehicles in these classes are required to have a Class B commercial driving license (CDL) to operate the vehicle.2 1. Class 7: This class of truck has a GVWR of 26,001 to 33,000 pounds or 11,794–14,969 kilograms. 2. Class 8: This class of truck has a GVWR of greater than 33,001 pounds or 14,969 kilograms and includes all tractor-trailers.1
If a vehicle has a GVWR of more than 10,001 pounds and is used for a business, including nonprofits, then it is subject to federal and state safety regulations for the safe operation of commercial motor vehicles. Vehicles over this weight are required to stop at state weigh and inspection stations, and drivers must follow regulations concerning hours of service and medical examination. A driver does not need a CDL to operate vehicles in Class 1 through Class 6, but each one with a GVWR over 10,001 pounds has to be identified with the name of the company and the USDTnumber.3 It's important to remember to always check with the U.S. Department of Transportation and your state and local transportation authorities to ensure that you are in compliance with the most recent rules, regulations, and laws. If you're operating a commercial vehicle outside of the United States, then you'll need to contact the transportation authority of the county in which you plan to operate the vehicle.
- Light Duty
- Medium Duty
- Heavy Duty
Weight: 6,000 lbs. and lighter Examples: Ford Ranger, Chevrolet Colorado, GMC Canyon, Dodge Dakota, Toyota Tacoma These are the smallest and lightest trucks. They’re not much use for towing or hauling, but if you’re a homeowner or do-it-yourselfer, Class 1 trucks will be enough for you. SUVs and small pickup trucks fall under this category, as do some types of cargo vans and minivans.
Weight: 6,001 – 10,000 lbs. Examples: Chevrolet Silverado 1500, Chevrolet Silverado 2500, Dodge Ram 1500, Dodge Ram 2500, Ford F-150, Ford F-250, GMC Sierra 1500, Nissan Titan Full-size or half-ton pickups are usually under Class 2. Class 2 trucks can haul between 2,000 and 3,000 pounds on their beds. Sometimes, this class is split into two more categories — Class 2a and 2b. Class 2a trucks have a GVWR of 6,001 to 8,500 pounds, while Class 2b trucks have a GVWR of 8,501 to 10,000 pounds.
Weight: 10,001 – 14,000 lbs. Examples: Chevrolet Silverado 3500, Dodge Ram 3500, Ford E-350, Ford F-350, GMC Sierra 3500 If you have a heavy-duty pickup truck, chances are it’s a Class 3 truck. Class 3 trucks are often used for “work truck” jobs, “contractor truck” jobs, and the like. You can also put certain types of walk-ins, city delivery trucks, and box trucks under this category.
Weight: 14,001 – 16,000 lbs. Examples: Dodge Ram 4500, Ford E-450, Ford F-450, GMC 4500 Of the medium duty trucks, Class 4 trucks are the lightest. You can spec them as you wish by adding “chassis cabs” to convert them into makeshift ambulances, box trucks, or wreckers. Bucket trucks, certain types of city delivery trucks, and large walk-ins belong to this category.
Weight: 16,001 – 19,500 lbs. Examples: Dodge Ram 5500, Ford F-550, Freightliner M2 GMC 5500, International TerraStar The job capabilities of Class 4 and Class 5 trucks tend to overlap a bit. Aside from Class 4 jobs, Class 5 trucks can also do construction and “fleet vehicle” work. This category includes all remaining bucket trucks, large walk-ins, and city delivery trucks.
Weight: 19,501 – 26,000 lbs. Examples: Chevrolet Kodiak (GMC TopKick) C6500, Ford F-650, Freightliner M2 106, International Durastar 4300 Beverage trucks, rack trucks, single-axle trucks, and school buses are some of the vehicles that fall under Class 6. They look and feel like Class 5 vehicles, except they can tow and haul heavier loads. In fact, you can spec Class 6 trucks to work almost as well as Class 7 and 8 vehicles.
Weight: 26,001 – 33,000 lbs. Examples: Ford F-750, GMC C7500, International WorkStar, Mack Granite If you want to drive a Class 7 truck, you need a Class-B commercial driver’s license (CDL) as Class 7 drivers mostly work in heavy duty industries like construction, garbage collection, and livestock transportation. Vehicles under this category include tractors and city transit buses. To get a CDL, visit your state’s DMV, ask for a Class-B CDL application form, and get ready for a written and a...
Weight: 33,001 lbs. and heavier Examples: Tractor Trailer, 18-Wheelers Of the trucks on this list, Class 8 trucks are one of the most common. Sleeper cabs, dump trucks, truck tractors, and cement trucks are examples of Class 8 vehicles. Since Class 8 trucks are the biggest and heaviest of their kind, they require drivers to get a Class-A or Class-B CDL. Class-A CDLs are for combination vehicles like tractor-trailers, while Class-B CDLs are for non-combination vehicles. There’s a lot of consid...
PACCAR Inc's. (NASDAQ: PCAR) Kenworth trucks are among 1,000 trucks Amazon (NASDAQ: AMZN) is having Plus initially retrofit. Based on the total quantity of units Amazon purchases ...
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Class I: Electric motor rider trucks; Class II: Electric motor narrow aisle trucks; Class III: Electric motor hand trucks or hand/rider trucks; Class IV: Internal combustion engine trucks (solid/cushion tires) Class V: Internal combustion engine trucks (pneumatic tires) Class VI: Electric and internal combustion engine tractors; Class VII: Rough terrain forklift trucks
Mar 30, 2016 · The class of truck depends upon its gross vehicle weight rating or GVWR. Here’s a list of Class 5 and below trucks and their corresponding weights: Class 5 – 16,001 to 19,500 pounds (Medium Truck) Class 4 – 14,001 to 16,000 pounds (Medium Truck)
- Types of Trucks.
- Pickup Truck. Pickup trucks are about the only truck for households. However, they’re very popular. The Ford F-Series is the best-selling pickup truck followed by Chevrolet Silverado then the Dodge Ram pickups [source: BusinessInsider.com].
- Australian Road Train. The longest road train ever is a truck pulling 112 trailers. That’s long for a train, never mind a truck. Road trains aren’t used much except in Australia where the road from coast to coast is straight as an arrow which makes it possible to haul more than 3 trailers.
- Boat Haulage. There are small boats and large boats out there. And while an SUV or a large car can carry the small ones, the heaviest and the most prestigious ones can only be transported by small trucks or a specialized low loader named boat haulage.
- Electric Motor Rider Trucks. These forklifts can be equipped with either cushion or pneumatic tires. The cushion-tired lift trucks are intended for indoor use on smooth floors.
- Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks. This forklift is for companies that opt for very narrow aisle operation. This allows them to maximize the use of storage space.
- Electric Motor Hand or Hand-Rider Trucks. These are hand-controlled forklifts, meaning the operator is in front of the truck and controls the lift through a steering tiller.
- Internal Combustion Engine Trucks—Cushion Tires. These forklifts are used inside on smooth dry floors for transporting palletized loads to and from the loading dock and the storage area.