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    What's the difference between infectious and contagious?

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  2. Infectious diseases - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
    • Overview
    • Symptoms
    • Causes
    • Risk Factors
    • Complications
    • Prevention

    Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They're normally harmless or even helpful. But under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.Some infectious diseases can be passed from person to person. Some are transmitted by insects or other animals. And you may get others by consuming contaminated food or water or being exposed to organisms in the environment.Signs and symptoms var...

    Each infectious disease has its own specific signs and symptoms. General signs and symptoms common to a number of infectious diseases include: 1. Fever 2. Diarrhea 3. Fatigue 4. Muscle aches 5. Coughing

    Infectious diseases can be caused by: 1. Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis. 2. Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS. 3. Fungi. Many skin diseases, such as ringworm and athlete's foot, are caused by fungi. Other types of fungi can infect your lungs or nervous system. 4. Parasites. Malaria is caused by a tiny parasite that is t...

    While anyone can catch infectious diseases, you may be more likely to get sick if your immune system isn't working properly. This may occur if: 1. You're taking steroids or other medications that suppress your immune system, such as anti-rejection drugs for a transplanted organ 2. You have HIV or AIDS 3. You have certain types of cancer or other disorders that affect your immune systemIn addition, certain other medical conditions may predispose you to infection, including implanted medical de...

    Most infectious diseases have only minor complications. But some infections — such as pneumonia, AIDS and meningitis — can become life-threatening. A few types of infections have been linked to a long-term increased risk of cancer: 1. Human papillomavirus is linked to cervical cancer 2. Helicobacter pylori is linked to stomach cancer and peptic ulcers 3. Hepatitis B and C have been linked to liver cancerIn addition, some infectious diseases may become silent, only to appear again in the futur...

    Follow these tips to decrease the risk of infection: 1. Wash your hands. This is especially important before and after preparing food, before eating, and after using the toilet. And try not to touch your eyes, nose or mouth with your hands, as that's a common way germs enter the body. 2. Get vaccinated. Vaccination can drastically reduce your chances of contracting many diseases. Make sure to keep up to date on your recommended vaccinations, as well as your children's. 3. Stay home when ill....

  3. infectious disease | Definition, Types, & Causes | Britannica

    Infectious disease, process caused by an agent, often a microorganism, that impairs a person’s health. Infectious diseases typically are caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. The immune system generally reacts quickly against these agents, though drugs may be used to help fight off infection.

  4. List of infectious diseases - Wikipedia

    Chin J. B., ed. Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. 17th ed. APHA [American Public Health Association] Press; 2000. ISBN 978-0-87553-189-2; Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 2009.

    Infectious agent
    Common name
    Acinetobacter infections
    Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and Propionibacterium propionicus
    African sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis)
  5. WHO | Infectious diseases

    Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi; the diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases of animals that can cause disease when transmitted to humans ...

    • what is an infectious disease ?

      5 answers

      Infectious disease is such sort of disease which is contagious,they are manly spread through mediums.those mediums are microorganisms such as bacteria,fungi etc as these microorganisms are nearly waitless they are easily carried by external...

    • What is an Infectious Disease ?

      3 answers

      An infectious disease is a type of disease that can be transmitted. it can be airborne, passed through a vector (insect), or human to human. Non infectious diseases can not be transmitted through the air or any vectors but can be genetic....

    • What is an infectious disease ?

      2 answers

      diseases caused by microbes that can be passed to or among humans by several methods are illnesses caused by a specific disease-causing organism (germ) and which can be transmitted from person to person. Examples include viral illnesses,...

  6. Infectious Disease | Germs | MedlinePlus

    Apr 23, 2020 · Infectious diseases can cause many different symptoms. Some are so mild that you may not even notice any symptoms, while others can be life-threatening. There are treatments for some infectious diseases, but for others, such as some viruses, you can only treat your symptoms. You can take steps to prevent many infectious diseases: Get vaccinated

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  7. What are infectious diseases? | Facts |

    What is an infectious disease? Infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasites.; Microorganisms that cause disease are collectively called pathogens.

  8. Infectious Disease | Definition of Infectious Disease by ...

    Infectious disease definition is - a disease (such as influenza, malaria, meningitis, rabies, or tetanus) caused by the entrance into the body of pathogenic agents or microorganisms (such as bacteria, viruses, protozoans, or fungi) which grow and multiply there.

  9. Infectious diseases - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
    • Treatment
    • Clinical Trials
    • Lifestyle and Home Remedies
    • Alternative Medicine
    • Preparing For Your Appointment

    Knowing what type of germ is causing your illness makes it easier for your doctor to choose appropriate treatment.

    Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease.

    Many infectious diseases, such as colds, will resolve on their own. Drink plenty of fluids and get lots of rest.

    A number of products have claimed to help fend off common illnesses, such as the cold or flu. While some of these substances have appeared promising in early trials, follow-up studies may have had conflicting or inconclusive results. More research needs to be done.Some of the substances that have been studied for preventing or shortening the duration of infection include: 1. Cranberry 2. Echinacea 3. Garlic 4. Ginseng 5. Goldenseal 6. Vitamin C 7. Vitamin D 8. ZincCheck with your doctor befor...

    You'll probably first see your primary care doctor. Depending on the severity of your infection, as well as which of your organ systems is affected by the infection, your doctor may refer you to a specialist. For example, a dermatologist specializes in skin conditions, and a pulmonologist treats lung disorders.

  10. disease | Definition, Types, & Control | Britannica

    Noncommunicable diseases that arise from inherited genetic abnormalities often leave an individual ill-equipped to survive without some form of treatment. Examples of inherited disease include cystic fibrosis, Down syndrome, and inborn errors of metabolism, which are present at birth.

  11. FastStats - Infectious Disease

    FastStats is an official application from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and puts access to topic-specific statistics at your fingertips.