- The proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint is a ginglymus joint, or hinged joint, with a functional stability throughout its normal arc of flexion and extension. This bicondylar joint comprises a pair of concentric condyles that are separated by the intercondylar notch and allows a range of motion of 90-120°.
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The proximal interphalangeal joint is one of two articulations within the four fingers of the hand and four smaller toes of the foot. Found between the first and second phalanges, the finger and toe bones, it is the second joint in from the tips of the fingers and toes.
Jun 27, 2020 · Proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) dislocation is one of the most common hand injuries. Dislocation refers to displacement in which the two articular surfaces are no longer in contact, in contrast to subluxation, in which there is some contact (may be referred to as complete versus simple dislocation in some texts).
The Proximal Interphalangeal is the middle joint of your finger that can become painful either due to disease or injury. If you are experiencing pain in one or more of your PIP joints, then keep reading to learn more about pain in this important joint of the finger. Pain in the PIP Joint Caused by Injury
The proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint may be affected by many conditions such as arthropathy, fractures, dislocations, and malunions. Whereas some of these conditions may be treated nonsurgically, many require open surgical intervention.
- Andre Eu-Jin Cheah, Andre Eu-Jin Cheah, Jeffrey Yao
Proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint – this is the joint in the middle of finger, the one above the MCP Distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint – this is the joint immediately below the finger nail near the end of the finger
May 31, 2021 · A proximal interphalangeal joint is formed between the convex trochlear surface on the head of a proximal phalanx and the corresponding concave articular surface on the adjacent base of a middle phalanx.
- Digital branches of plantar arch
- Hinge joints; uniaxial
- Collateral ligaments, plantar ligament
May 31, 2021 · The proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ or PIJ) is located between the proximal and middle phalanges, while the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ or DIJ) is found between the middle and distal phalanges. Since the first digit only has a proximal and distal phalanx, the joint between them is simply known as the interphalangeal joint of the thumb.
- Proper palmar digital nerves
- Synovial hinge joint; uniaxial
Apr 05, 2020 · The Proximal Interphalangeal (PIP) bones are an intricate network of joints that allow us to complete domain over the movements of our fingers. Sustaining an injury to these fragile joints can mean a complete loss of finger dexterity and movement.