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  2. Tamil language, member of the Dravidian language family, spoken primarily in India. It is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the union territory of Puducherry (Pondicherry). It is also an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore and has significant numbers of speakers in Malaysia, Mauritius, Fiji, and South Africa.

    • Bhadriraju Krishnamurti
  3. Jan 11, 2023 · Although the present-day Tamil are mostly Hindus, there are Christians, Muslims, and Jains among them. In the recent past, the Tamil area was also the home of the Dravidian movement that calls for the desanskritization and debrahmanization of Tamil culture, language, and literature.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  4. Tamil (/ ˈ t ɑː m ɪ l /; தமிழ் Tamiḻ, pronunciation (help · info)) is a Dravidian language natively spoken by the Tamil people of South Asia. Tamil is an official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu , the sovereign nations of Sri Lanka and Singapore , [10] [5] and the Indian territory of Puducherry .

    • India
    • Sri Lanka
    • Singapore

    Indiahas two main language families: Dravidian which is spoken by over 24% of the population and Indo-Aryan (used by 74% of the residents). Tamil is spoken in various Indian states but has official status in the following places in India:

    Sri Lankais home to diverse ethnicities, languages, and cultures with a considerable percentage of the minorities being the Tamil speakers. The Tamils make up over 11.2% of the country’s population. Even though their constitution defines English as a linking dialect which is commonly used for commercial, scientific and educational purposes, the off...

    The four official languages of Singaporeare English, Tamil, Mandarin Chinese, and Malay. English is the government and business language. Various public institutions conduct most of their functions in English, but their official documents are drafted in Tamil, Malay or Chinese. Over 4% of the population can converse in Tamil, and this includes abou...

    • Geoffrey Migiro
    • Written Tamil
    • Notable Features
    • Sample Text in Tamil
    • Links
    • Dravidian Languages
    • Abugidas / Syllabic Alphabets

    The earliest known inscriptions in Tamil date back to about 500 BC. Tamil literature started to apper in 300 BC, and the language used until the 700 AD is known as Old Tamil. From 700-1600 AD the language is known as Middle Tamil, and since 1600 the language has been known as Modern Tamil. Tamil was originally written with a version of the Brahmi s...

    Type of writing system: Abugida / Syllabic Alphabet
    When they appear the the beginning of a syllable, vowels are written as independent letters.
    Some of the non-standard consonant-vowel combinations are not used in official documents.

    Transliteration

    Maṉitap piṛaviyiṉar čakalarum čutantiramākavē piṛakkiṉṛaṉar; avarkaḷ matippilum urimaikaḷilum čamamāṉavarkaḷ. Avarkaḷ niyāyattaiyum maṉačāṭčiyaiyum iyaṛpaṇpākap peṛṛavarkaḷ. Avarkaḷ oruvaruṭaṉoruvar čakōtara uṇarvup pāṅkil naṭantukoḷḷal vēṇṭum. Hear recording of this text by Muralikrishnan Ramasamy

    Translation

    All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

    Information about Tamil http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamil_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamil_literature http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamil_people http://www.tamilnation.org https://sites.google.com/site/sarvabhashin/en/ta https://www.howtolearnalanguage.info/languages/tamil/alphabet Online Tamil lessons http://www.tamil-online.info https:...

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