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    • Venice

      • The oldest direct handwritten news sheets circulated widely in Venice as early as 1566. These weekly news sheets were full of information on wars and politics in Italy and Europe.
      en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_newspaper_publishing
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  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › NewsNews - Wikipedia

    The world's first written news may have originated in eighth century BCE China, where reports gathered by officials were eventually compiled as the Spring and Autumn Annals.

  3. The first writing systems of the Early Bronze Age evolved from systems of proto-writing, which used ideographic and mnemonic symbols to communicate information, but did not directly represent human language. Proto-writing emerged as early as the 7th millennium BCE, with well-known examples including:

  4. Where Did Writing Come From? The rise, fall, and rediscovery of cuneiform.

  5. CLAY TABLET. FOUND: Babylon, Iraq. CULTURE: Late Babylonian. DATE: ca. 350–50 B.C. LANGUAGE: Akkadian. After cuneiform was replaced by alphabetic writing sometime after the first century A.D.,...

    • 16th Century to 1800
    • Modern Newspapers Since 1800
    • Latin America
    • Asia
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    • Further Reading

    Avvisi, or gazettes, were a mid-16th-century Venice phenomenon. They were issued weekly on single sheets and folded to form four pages. These publications reached a larger audience than handwritten news had in early Rome. Their format and appearance at regular intervals were two huge influences on the newspaper as we know it today. The idea of a we...

    Technology

    In 1814 The Times acquired a printing press capable of making 1,100 impressions per hour. It was soon adapted to print on both sides of a page at once. This innovation made newspapers cheaper and thus available to a larger part of the population. In 1830, the first penny press newspaper came to the market: Lynde M. Walter's Boston Transcript. Penny press papers cost about one-sixth the price of other newspapers and appealed to a wider audience. Newspaper editors exchanged copies and freely re...

    News agencies

    Only a few large newspapers could afford bureaus outside their home city. They relied instead on news agencies, founded around 1859, especially Havas in France, the Associated Press in the United States, while Agenzia Stefani covered Italy. Former Havas employees founded Reuters in Britain and Wolff in Germany. Havas is now Agence France-Presse (AFP). For international news, the agencies pooled their resources, so that Havas, for example, covered the French Empire, South America and the Balka...

    Britain

    With literacy rising sharply, the rapidly growing demand for news, led to changes in the physical size, visual appeal, heavy use of war reporting, brisk writing style, and an omnipresent emphasis on speedy reporting thanks to the telegraph. London set the pace before 1870 but by the 1880s critics noted how London was echoing the emerging New York style of journalism. The new news writing style first spread to the provincial press through the Midland Daily Telegrapharound 1900. By the early 19...

    British influence extended globally through its colonies and its informal business relationships with merchants in major cities. They needed up-to-date market and political information. El Seminario Republicano was the first non-official newspaper; it appeared in Chile in 1813. El Mercurio was founded in Valparaiso, Chile, in 1827. The most influen...

    China

    In China, early government-produced news sheets, called tipao, were commonly used among court officials during the late Han dynasty (2nd and 3rd centuries AD). Between 713 and 734, the Kaiyuan Za Bao ("Bulletin of the Court") of the Tang dynasty published government news; it was handwritten on silk and read by government officials. In 1582, privately published news sheets appeared in Beijing, during the late Ming dynasty. From the late 19th century until 1949 the international community at Sh...

    India

    Robert Knight (1825–1890), founded two English language daily papers, The Statesman in Calcutta, and The Times of India in Bombay. In 1860, he bought out the Indian shareholders, merged with rival Bombay Standard, and started India's first news agency. It wired news dispatches to papers across India and became the Indian agent for Reuters news service. In 1861, he changed the name from the Bombay Times and Standard to The Times of India. Knight fought for a press free of prior restraint or in...

    Japan

    Japanese newspapers began in the 17th century as yomiuri (読売、literally "to read and sell") or kawaraban (瓦版, literally "tile-block printing" referring to the use of clayprinting blocks), which were printed handbills sold in major cities to commemorate major social gatherings or events. The first modern newspaper was the Japan Herald published bi-weekly in Yokohama by the Englishman A. W. Hansard from 1861. In 1862, the Tokugawa shogunate began publishing the Kampan batabiya shinbun, a transla...

    Boyce, George; James Curran; Pauline Wingate (1978). Newspaper history from the seventeenth century to the present day. Constable. ISBN 9780094623002.
    Merrill, John Calhoun and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) 400 pages; Updated edition of Merrill, The elite press; great newspapers of the world(1968...
    Pettegree, Andrew. The Invention of News: How the World Came to Know about Itself(Yale University Press, 2014), covers Europe 1400 to 1800
    Smith, Anthony. The Newspaper: An International History(1979), 192pp; well illustrated
  6. Jan 2, 2019 · The earliest-known cuneiform (technically proto-cuneiform) texts were discovered in the temple precinct of Uruk, arguably the world’s first city, on the Euphrates River in present-day Iraq. This is likely where cuneiform originated, and it seems to be a case of necessity being the mother of invention.

  7. By the middle of the third millennium B.C., cuneiform primarily written on clay tablets was used for a vast array of economic, religious, political, literary, and scholarly documents.

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