- Holidays and Observances
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1. 0796 – King Æthelred I of Northumbria is murdered in Corbridge by a group led by his ealdormen, Ealdred and Wada. The patrician Osbaldis crowned, but abdicates within 27 days. 2. 1428 – Peace of Ferrara between Republic of Venice, Duchy of Milan, Republic of Florence and House of Gonzaga: ending of the second campaign of the Wars in Lombardy fought until the Treaty of Lodi in 1454, which will then guarantee the conditions for the development of the Italian Renaissance. 3. 1506 – The corner...
1601 – 1900
1. 1689 – Bostonians rise up in rebellion against Sir Edmund Andros. 2. 1738 – Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") is founded in Madrid. 3. 1775 – American Revolution: The British advancement by sea begins; Paul Revereand other riders warn the countryside of the troop movements. 4. 1783 – Three-Fifths Compromise: the first instance of black slaves in the United States of America being counted as three fifths of persons (for the purpose of taxation), in a resolution of th...
1901 – present
1. 1902 – The 7.5 Mw Guatemala earthquake shakes Guatemala with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing between 800 and 2,000. 2. 1906 – An earthquake and fire destroy much of San Francisco, California. 3. 1909 – Joan of Arcis beatified in Rome. 4. 1912 – The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanicto New York City. 5. 1915 – French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I. 6. 1916 –...
1. 0359 – Gratian, Roman emperor (d. 383) 2. 0588 – K'an II, Mayan ruler (d. 658) 3. 0812 – Al-Wathiq, Abbasid caliph (d. 847) 4. 1446 – Ippolita Maria Sforza, Italian noble (d. 1484) 5. 1480 – Lucrezia Borgia, daughter of Pope Alexander VI 6. 1503 – Henry II of Navarre, (d. 1555) 7. 1534 – William Harrison, English clergyman (d. 1593) 8. 1580 – Thomas Middleton, English Jacobean playwright and poet (d. 1627) 9. 1590 – Ahmed I, Ottoman Emperor(d. 1617)
1601 – 1900
1. 1605 – Giacomo Carissimi, Italian priest and composer (d. 1674) 2. 1666 – Jean-Féry Rebel, French violinist and composer (d. 1747) 3. 1740 – Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet, English banker and politician (d. 1810) 4. 1759 – Jacques Widerkehr, French cellist and composer (d. 1823) 5. 1771 – Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg(d. 1820) 6. 1772 – David Ricardo, British economist and politician (d. 1823) 7. 1794 – William Debenham, English founder of Debenhams(d. 1863) 8. 1797 – Adolphe Thie...
1901 – present
1. 1901 – Al Lewis, American songwriter (d. 1967) 2. 1901 – László Németh, Hungarian dentist, author, and playwright (d. 1975) 3. 1902 – Waldemar Hammenhög, Swedish author (d. 1972) 4. 1902 – Giuseppe Pella, Italian politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Italy(d. 1981) 5. 1904 – Pigmeat Markham, African-American comedian, singer, and dancer (d. 1981) 6. 1905 – Sydney Halter, Canadian lawyer and businessman (d. 1990) 7. 1905 – George H. Hitchings, American physician and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize...
1. 0727 – Agallianos Kontoskeles, Byzantine commander and rebel leader 2. 0850 – Perfectus, Spanish monk and martyr 3. 0909 – Dionysius II, Syriac Orthodox patriarch of Antioch 4. 0943 – Fujiwara no Atsutada, Japanese nobleman and poet (b. 906) 5. 0963 – Stephen Lekapenos, co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire 6. 1161 – Theobald of Bec, French-English archbishop (b. 1090) 7. 1176 – Galdino della Sala, Italian archdeacon and saint 8. 1552 – John Leland, English poet and historian (b. 1502) 9. 155...
1601 – 1900
1. 1636 – Julius Caesar, English judge and politician (b. 1557) 2. 1650 – Simonds d'Ewes, English lawyer and politician (b. 1602) 3. 1674 – John Graunt, English demographer and statistician (b. 1620) 4. 1689 – George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys, Welsh judge and politician, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain(b. 1648) 5. 1732 – Louis Feuillée, French astronomer, geographer, and botanist (b. 1660) 6. 1742 – Arvid Horn, Swedish general and politician (b. 1664) 7. 1763 – Marie-Josephte Corriveau, C...
1901 – present
1. 1906 – Luis Martín, Spanish religious leader, 24th Superior-General of the Society of Jesus(b. 1846) 2. 1912 – Martha Ripley, American physician (b. 1843) 3. 1917 – Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist and academic (b. 1858) 4. 1923 – Savina Petrilli, Italian religious leader (b. 1851) 5. 1936 – Milton Brown, American singer and bandleader (b. 1903) 6. 1936 – Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer and conductor (b. 1879) 7. 1938 – George Bryant, American archer (b. 1878) 8. 1942 – Aleksande...
Christian feast days
1. Apollonius the Apologist 2. Corebus 3. Cyril VI of Constantinople (Eastern Orthodox Church) 4. Eleutherius and Antia 5. Galdino della Sala 6. Molaise of Leighlin 7. Perfectus 8. Plato of Sakkoudion
1. Army Day(Iran) 2. Coma Patients' Day(Poland) 3. Friend's Day(Brazil) 4. Independence Day, (Zimbabwe) 5. International Day For Monuments and Sites 6. Invention Day(Japan) 7. Victory over the Teutonic Knights in the Battle of the Ice (Russia; Julian Calendar)
Le 18 avril est le 108 e jour de l'année du calendrier grégorien, le 109 e en cas d'année bissextile.Il reste 257 jours avant la fin de l'année. C'était généralement le 29 e jour du mois de germinal dans le calendrier républicain français officiellement dénommé jour de la myrtille.
18 avril Depi Wikipedya, ansiklopedi lib Aller à la navigationAller à la recherche 18 avrilse 108mjoulane(oubyen 109mnan lane bisektil) nan almanak gregoryen.
- Tectonic Setting
- Centennial Commemorations
- in Popular Culture
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The San Andreas Fault is a continental transform fault that forms part of the tectonic boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate. The strike-slip fault is characterized by mainly lateral motion in a dextral sense, where the western (Pacific) plate moves northward relative to the eastern (North American) plate. This fault runs the length of California from the Salton Sea in the south to Cape Mendocino in the north, a distance of about 810 miles (1,300 km). The maximum observed surface displacement was about 20 feet (6 m); geodeticmeasurements show displacements of up to 28 feet (8.5 m).
The 1906 earthquake preceded the development of the Richter magnitude scale by three decades. The most widely accepted estimate for the magnitude of the quake on the modern moment magnitude scale is 7.9; values from 7.7 to as high as 8.3 have been proposed. According to findings published in the Journal of Geophysical Research, severe deformations in the earth's crust took place both before and after the earthquake's impact. Accumulated strain on the faults in the system was relieved during the earthquake, which is the supposed cause of the damage along the 450-kilometre-long (280 mi) segment of the San Andreas plate boundary. The 1906 rupture propagated both northward and southward for a total of 296 miles (476 km). Shaking was felt from Oregon to Los Angeles, and as far inland as central Nevada. A strong foreshock preceded the main shock by about 20 to 25 seconds. The strong shaking of the main shock lasted about 42 seconds. There were decades of minor earthquakes – more than at a...
Early death counts ranged from 375 to over 500. However, hundreds of fatalities in Chinatown went ignored and unrecorded. The total number of deaths is still uncertain, but various reports presented a range of 700–3,000+. In 2005, the city's Board of Supervisors voted unanimously in support of a resolution written by novelist James Dalessandro ("1906") and city historian Gladys Hansen ("Denial of Disaster") to recognize the figure of 3,000 plus as the official total. Most of the deaths occurred in San Francisco itself, but 189 were reported elsewhere in the Bay Area; nearby cities, such as Santa Rosa and San Jose, also suffered severe damage. In Monterey County, the earthquake permanently shifted the course of the Salinas River near its mouth. Where previously the river emptied into Monterey Bay between Moss Landing and Watsonville, it was diverted 6 miles (9.7 km) south to a new channel just north of Marina. Between 227,000 and 300,000 people were left homeless out of a population...
As damaging as the earthquake and its aftershocks were, the fires that burned out of control afterward were even more destructive. It has been estimated that up to 90% of the total destruction was the result of the subsequent fires. Within three days, over 30 fires, caused by ruptured gas mains, destroyed approximately 25,000 buildings on 490 city blocks. Some were started when San Francisco Fire Department firefighters, untrained in the use of dynamite, attempted to demolish buildings to create firebreaks. The dynamited buildings themselves often caught fire. The city's fire chief, Dennis T. Sullivan, who would have been responsible for coordinating firefighting efforts, had died from injuries sustained in the initial quake.In total, the fires burned for four days and nights. Due to a widespread practice by insurers to indemnify San Francisco properties from fire, but not earthquake damage, most of the destruction in the city was blamed on the fires. Some property owners deliberate...
The city's fire chief, Dennis T. Sullivan, was gravely injured when the earthquake first struck and later died from his injuries. [Nash, Jay R. Darkest Hours, p. 492] The interim fire chief sent an urgent request to the Presidio, a United States Army post on the edge of the stricken city, for dynamite. General Frederick Funston had already decided that the situation required the use of federal troops. Telephoning a San Francisco Police Department officer, he sent word to Mayor Eugene Schmitz of his decision to assist and then ordered federal troops from nearby Angel Island to mobilize and come into the city. Explosives were ferried across the bay from the California Powder Works in what is now Hercules. During the first few days, soldiers provided valuable services like patrolling streets to discourage looting and guarding buildings such as the U.S. Mint, post office, and county jail. They aided the fire department in dynamiting to demolish buildings in the path of...
Property losses from the disaster have been estimated to be more than $400 million in 1906 dollars.This is equivalent to $11.4 billion in 2020 dollars. An insurance industry source tallies insured losses at $235 million, the equivalent to $6.69 billion in 2020 dollars. Political and business leaders strongly downplayed the effects of the earthquake, fearing loss of outside investment in the city which was badly needed to rebuild. In his first public statement, California governor George Pardee emphasized the need to rebuild quickly: "This is not the first time that San Francisco has been destroyed by fire, I have not the slightest doubt that the City by the Golden Gate will be speedily rebuilt, and will, almost before we know it, resume her former great activity".The earthquake itself is not even mentioned in the statement. Fatality and monetary damage estimates were manipulated. Almost immediately after the quake (and even during the disaster), planning and reconstruction plans wer...
The 1906 Centennial Alliance was set up as a clearing-house for various centennial events commemorating the earthquake. Award presentations, religious services, a National Geographic TV movie, a projection of fire onto the Coit Tower, memorials, and lectures were part of the commemorations. The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program issued a series of Internet documents,and the tourism industry promoted the 100th anniversary as well. Eleven survivors of the 1906 earthquake attended the centennial commemorations in 2006, including Irma Mae Weule (May 11, 1899 – August 8, 2008), who was the oldest survivor of the quake at the time of her death in August 2008, aged 109.Vivian Illing (December 25, 1900 – January 22, 2009) was believed to be the second-oldest survivor at the time of her death, aged 108, leaving Herbert Hamrol (January 10, 1903 – February 4, 2009) as the last known remaining survivor at the time of his death, aged 106. Another survivor, Libera Armstrong (September 28, 1902 – Nov...The earthquake is a major event in Tony Kushner's play Angels in America.The earthquake is the destination of the 24th Magic Tree House book Earthquake in the Early Morning.1906 San Francisco earthquake at CurlieThe 1906 Earthquake and Fire – National ArchivesBefore and After the Great Earthquake and Fire: Early Films of San Francisco, 1897–1916 – American Memory at the Library of Congress
Lo dèrriér changement de cela pâge est étâ fêt lo 18 avril 2021 a 06:44. Los tèxtos sont disponiblos desot licence Creative Commons atribucion-partâjo du-mémo 3.0; d’ôtres condicions sè pôvont aplicar.
Avril Ramona Lavigne (/ ˌ æ v r ɪ l l ə ˈ v iː n / AV-ril lə-VEEN, French: [avʁil laviɲ]; born September 27, 1984) is a Canadian singer, songwriter and actress. By the age of 15, she had appeared on stage with Shania Twain, and by 16, she had signed a two-album recording contract with Arista Records worth more than $2 million.
Le18 avrilest le 108èmejourde l'année(ou le 109èmeen cas d'année bissextile). Il reste 257 jours avant la fin de l'année. 1968: L’actrice Mary Birdsong naît à Long Beach Island, dans leNew Jersey. 18 avril sur Wikipédia (version française)
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- Holidays and Observances
- External Links
1. 1080 – Harald III of Denmark dies and is succeeded by Canute IV, who would later be the first Dane to be canonized. 2. 1349 – The rule of the Bavand dynasty in Mazandaran is brought to an end by the murder of Hasan II. 3. 1362 – Kaunas Castle falls to the Teutonic Order after a month-long siege. 4. 1492 – Spain and Christopher Columbus sign the Capitulations of Santa Fe for his voyage to Asia to acquire spices. 5. 1521 – Trial of Martin Luther over his teachings begins during the assembly...
1601 – 1900
1. 1797 – Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico, in what would be one of the largest invasions of the Spanish territories in the Americas. 2. 1797 – Citizens of Verona begin an unsuccessful eight-day rebellion against the Frenchoccupying forces. 3. 1861 – The state of Virginia's secession convention votes to secede from the United States, later becoming the eighth state to join the Confederate States of America. 4. 1863 – American Civil War: Grierson's Raid begins: Troops under U...
1901 – present
1. 1905 – The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York, which holds that the "right to free contract" is implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. 2. 1907 – The Ellis Islandimmigration center processes 11,747 people, more than on any other day. 3. 1912 – Russian troops open fire on striking goldfield workers in northeast Siberia, killing at least 150. 4. 1941 – World War II: The invasion of Yugoslaviais completed wh...
1. 44 – Pope Evaristus(d. 107) 2. 1277 – Michael IX Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (d. 1320) 3. 1455 – Andrea Gritti, Doge of Venice (d. 1538) 4. 1497 – Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conquistador, conquered northern Chile (d. 1553) 5. 1573 – Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria(d. 1651) 6. 1586 – John Ford, English poet and playwright (d. 1639) 7. 1598 – Giovanni Battista Riccioli, Italian priest and astronomer (d. 1671)
1601 – 1900
1. 1620 – Marguerite Bourgeoys, French-Canadian nun and saint, founded the Congregation of Notre Dame of Montreal(d. 1700) 2. 1635 – Edward Stillingfleet, British theologian and scholar (d. 1699) 3. 1676 – Frederick I of Sweden(d. 1751) 4. 1683 – Johann David Heinichen, German composer and theorist (d. 1729) 5. 1710 – Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, Scottish politician (d. 1767) 6. 1734 – Taksin, King of Thailand (d. 1782) 7. 1741 – Samuel Chase, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1811) 8. 17...
1901 – present
1. 1903 – Nicolas Nabokov, Russian-American composer and educator (d. 1978) 2. 1903 – Gregor Piatigorsky, Ukrainian-American cellist and educator (d. 1976) 3. 1903 – Morgan Taylor, American hurdler and coach (d. 1975) 4. 1905 – Louis Jean Heydt, American journalist and actor (d. 1960) 5. 1905 – Arthur Lake, American actor (d. 1987) 6. 1906 – Sidney Garfield, American physician, co-founded Kaiser Permanente(d. 1984) 7. 1909 – Alain Poher, French politician, President of France(d. 1996) 8. 1910...
1. 485 – Proclus, Greek mathematician and philosopher (b. 412) 2. 617 – Donnán of Eigg, Irish priest and saint 3. 648 – Xiao, empress of the Sui Dynasty 4. 744 – Al-Walid II, Umayyadcaliph (b. 706) 5. 818 – Bernard of Italy, Frankish king (b. 797) 6. 858 – Benedict III, pope of the Catholic Church 7. 1071 – Manuel Komnenos, Byzantine military commander (b. c. 1045) 8. 1080 – Harald III of Denmark(b. 1041) 9. 1111 – Robert of Molesme, Christian saint and abbot (b. 1027) 10. 1298 – Árni Þorláks...
1601 – 1900
1. 1669 – Antonio Bertali, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1605) 2. 1680 – Kateri Tekakwitha, Mohawk-born Native Americansaint (b. 1656) 3. 1695 – Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexican poet and scholar (b. 1651) 4. 1696 – Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné, French author (b. 1626) 5. 1711 – Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor(b. 1678) 6. 1713 – David Hollatz, Polish pastor and theologian (b. 1648) 7. 1764 – Johann Mattheson, German lexicographer and composer (b. 1681) 8. 1790 – Benjamin Frank...
1901 – present
1. 1921 – Manwel Dimech, Maltese journalist, author, and philosopher (b. 1860) 2. 1923 – Laurence Ginnell, Irish lawyer and politician (b. 1852) 3. 1930 – Alexander Golovin, Russian painter and stage designer (b. 1863) 4. 1933 – Kote Marjanishvili, Georgian director and playwright (b. 1872) 5. 1936 – Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck, Dutch lawyer and politician, 28th Prime Minister of the Netherlands(b. 1873) 6. 1942 – Jean Baptiste Perrin, French-American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prizelaure...Christian feast day:Earliest day on which Store Bededag or General Prayer Day can fall, while May 13 is the latest; observed on the 4th Friday after Easter. (Denmark)FAO Day (Iraq)
此條目介紹的是艾薇儿·拉维尼本人。关于她的同名专辑，请见「 艾薇儿·拉维尼 (专辑) 」。 Avril Lavigne 艾薇儿·拉维尼 摄于2019年 出生 Avril Ramona Lavigne 艾薇儿·瑞摩娜·拉维尼 (1984-09-27) 1984年9月27日 （ 36歲） 加拿大 安大略省 贝尔维尔 国籍 加拿大 法國 职业 歌手 词曲作家 演员 活跃时期 1999年– ...