1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1961st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 961st year of the 2nd millennium, the 61st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1960s decade.
1961 From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1961st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 961st year of the 2nd millennium, the 61st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1960s decade.
The 1961 Major League Baseball season was played from April 10 to October 12, 1961. That season saw the New York Yankees defeat the Cincinnati Reds in five games in the World Series . The season is best known for Yankee teammates Roger Maris ' and Mickey Mantle 's pursuit of Babe Ruth 's prestigious 34-year-old single-season home run record of 60.
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1961 Berlin ultimatum
At the Vienna summit on 4 June 1961, tensions rose. Meeting with US President John F. Kennedy, Premier Khrushchev reissued the Soviet ultimatum to sign a separate peace treaty with East Germany and thus end the existing four-power agreements guaranteeing American, British, and French rights to access West Berlin and the occupation of East Berlin by Soviet forces.However, this time he did so by issuing a deadline of 31 December 1961. The three powers responded that any unilateral treaty could...
In the growing confrontation over the status of Berlin, Kennedy undercut his own bargaining position during his Vienna summit negotiations with Khrushchev in June 1961. Kennedy essentially conveyed US acquiescence to the permanent division of Berlin. This made his later, more assertive public statements less credible to the Soviets. Kennedy decided on a flexible policy proposed by his younger advisors, with only a few concessions to the hardliners around Dean Acheson. The United States now de...
Plans for the Berlin Wall
In early 1961, the East German government sought a way to stop its population leaving for the West. Walter Ulbricht, First Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party (SED) and Staatsratchairman and thus East Germany's chief decision-maker, convinced the Soviet Union that force was necessary to stop this movement, although Berlin's four-power status required the allowance of free travel between zones and forbade the presence of German troops in Berlin. The East German government began stockpiling...Barker, Elisabeth. “The Berlin Crisis 1958–1962.” International Affairs 39#1 (1963), pp. 59–73. online.Beschloss, Michael. The Crisis Years: Kennedy and Khrushchev, 1960–1963 (1991) onlineDaum, Andreas (2008). Kennedy in Berlin. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-85824-3.The Wall, 1958–1963 Archived 28 June 2020 at the Wayback Machine
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Two teenage gangs struggle for control on the Upper West Side in New York City in the 1950s. The Jets, a white gang led by Riff, brawl with the Sharks, a group of Puerto Ricans led by Bernardo. Lieutenant Schrank and Officer Krupke arrive and break it up. The Jets decide to challenge the Sharks to a rumbleafter an upcoming dance. Riff wants his best friend Tony, co-founder of the Jets who left the gang, to fight at the rumble. Riff invites Tony to the dance, but Tony tells Riff that he senses something important is coming, which Riff suggests could happen at the dance. After more persuasion, Tony agrees to go. Bernardo's younger sister, Maria, tells her best friend and Bernardo's girlfriend, Anita, how excited she is about the dance. At the dance, the gangs and their girls refuse to intermingle. Tony arrives; he and Maria fall in love, but Bernardo angrily demands that Tony stay away from her. Riff proposes a meeting with Bernardo at Doc's drug store at midnight to settle the rules...
Executive producer Walter Mirisch enlisted the services of Jerome Robbins, who had directed and choreographed the stage version of West Side Story. Because Robbins had no prior film experience, Mirisch hired Robert Wise to co-direct and produce because of his "experience in gritty subject matter" and his ability to complete motion pictures under budget and ahead of schedule. Robbins was to direct the musical sequences, while Wise would handle the story's dramatic elements. Robbins directed his portion of the film first, spending a great deal of time on retakes, on-set rehearsals and discussing setups with Wise. Assistant director Robert Relyea recalled an unusual number of injuries endured by the dancers. After 45 days of shooting, the picture was 24 days behind schedule. With the film already also over budget, the producers dismissed Robbins. The remaining dance numbers were directed with the help of Robbins' assistants. Recognizing Robbins' considerable creative contribution to th...
West Side Story is regarded as one of greatest musical films ever made. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times wrote that "moving [the story] from stage to screen is to reconstruct its fine material into nothing short of a cinema masterpiece." Whitney Williams of Varietywas also effusive, writing: "Technically, it is superb; use of color is dazzling, camera work often is thrilling, editing fast with dramatic punch, production design catches mood as well as action itself." The Hollywood Reportercalled it "a magnificent show, a milestone in movie musicals, a box-office smash. It is so good that superlatives are superfluous. Let it be noted that the film musical, the one dramatic form that is purely American and purely Hollywood, has never been done better." By contrast, Pauline Kaelderided the film as "frenzied hokum", decrying that the dialogue was "painfully old-fashioned and mawkish" and the dancing was a "simpering, sickly romantic ballet". West Side Story holds a 92% rating on Rot...
West Side Story won 10 Academy Awards, making it the musical film with the most Oscar wins (including Best Picture). American Film Institutelists: 1. AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies– #41 2. AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions– #3 3. AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs: 3.1. "Somewhere" – #20 3.2. "America" – #35 3.3. "Tonight" – #59 4. AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals– #2 5. AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)– #51 The film's cast appeared and was honored at the 50th anniversary of West Side Story at the 2011 Ventura Film Festival.
Leonard Bernstein was displeased with the orchestration for the movie, which was the work of Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal, who had orchestrated the original Broadway production. That show had been orchestrated for roughly 30 musicians; for the movie, United Artists allowed them triple that, including six saxophone parts, eight trumpets, five pianos and five xylophones.Bernstein found it "overbearing and lacking in texture and subtlety." Stephen Sondheim, who did not like the sequence of the songs in the Broadway version, had the song "Gee, Officer Krupke" being sung before the rumble in place of the song "Cool" which is sung instead after the rumble; the song "I Feel Pretty" is also sung before the rumble instead of after. In addition, the song "America" was sung in-between the two love songs "Maria" and "Tonight", instead of having the two love songs being sung consecutively. Though mentioned in earlier scripts, the "Somewhere" dream ballet was not well defined for the film and was p...
In 2009, photographer Mark Seliger re-created scenes from the film for magazine Vanity Fair called West Side Story Revisited, using Camilla Belle as Maria, Ben Barnes as Tony, Jennifer Lopez as Anita, Rodrigo Santoro as Bernardo and Chris Evans as Riff. Portraying the Sharks are Minka Kelly, Jay Hernandez, Natalie Martinez, Brandon T. Jackson and Melonie Diaz. Portraying the Jets are Ashley Tisdale, Sean Faris, Robert Pattinson, Cam Gigandet, Trilby Glover, Brittany Snow and Drake Bell. West Side Story influenced Michael Jackson's "Beat It" and "Bad" music videos.The first features Jackson as a peacemaker between two rival gangs in a homage to his favorite film.
A new film adaptation of the musical is planned to be released by 20th Century Studios on December 10, 2021, directed by Steven Spielberg and choreographed by Justin Peck, with a screenplay by Tony Kushner, starring Rachel Zegler as Maria and Ansel Elgortas Tony.West Side Story at IMDbWest Side Story at the TCM Movie DatabaseWest Side Story at Rotten Tomatoes
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The Income-tax Act, 1961 is the charging statute of Income Tax in India. It provides for levy, administration, collection and recovery of Income Tax. The Government of India brought a draft statute called the " Direct Taxes Code " intended to replace the Income Tax Act,1961 and the Wealth Tax Act, 1957. However the bill was later scrapped.
1961. agpang keng paksa: Arts. Architecture - Alit - Pelikula - Malagung Panyulat. Musika ( Bangsa, UK) - Telebision - Home video. Kabiasnan at Teknologia. Archaeologia - Aviation - Ayup/Ornithology. Meteorology - Rail transport - Radiu - Science (Kabiasnan) Balang bangsa.
The Misfits is a 1961 American drama western film written by Arthur Miller, directed by John Huston, and starring Clark Gable, Marilyn Monroe, and Montgomery Clift. The supporting cast features Thelma Ritter, Eli Wallach and Kevin McCarthy. The Misfits was the last completed film for both Clark Gable and Marilyn Monroe. For Gable, the film was posthumously released, while Monroe died in 1962. The plot centers on a newly divorced woman and her time in Reno and Northern Nevada, spent with her frie
In Reno, Nevada, 30-year-old Roslyn Tabor files for a quickie divorce from her inattentive husband Raymond. Afterward, Roslyn's landlady Isabelle takes her to a cocktail lounge for drinks. There, they meet an aging cowboy named Gaylord "Gay" Langland and his tow truck driver best friend Guido. The group goes to the unfinished house Guido built for his late wife. Roslyn has too much to drink, so Gay drives her home to Reno. Eventually, Roslyn and Gay move into Guido's half-finished house and work
The making of The Misfits was troublesome on several accounts, not the least of which was the sometimes 100 °F heat of the northern Nevada desert and the breakdown of Monroe's marriage to writer Arthur Miller. Miller revised the script throughout the shoot as the concepts of the film developed. Meanwhile, while her marriage to Arthur Miller had issues, Marilyn Monroe was drinking too much after work, and was using prescription drugs; according to Huston in a 1981 retrospective interview, he was
There were high expectations, given the star power of the writer, director and actors. Producer Frank E. Taylor had heralded The Misfits as "the ultimate motion picture" before its release.
Gable suffered a heart attack two days after filming ended and died ten days later on November 16, 1960. Monroe and Clift attended the premiere in New York in February 1961, while Arthur Miller attended with his two children. Monroe later said that she hated the film and her performance in it. Within a year and a half, she was dead of an apparent drug overdose. The Misfits was the last completed film for both Monroe and Gable, her childhood screen idol. As a child, Monroe often claimed that Gabl