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  1. All-wheel drive - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › All-wheel_drive

    An all-wheel drive vehicle (AWD vehicle) is one with a powertrain capable of providing power to all its wheels, whether full-time or on-demand. The most common forms of all-wheel drive are: 4×4 (also, four-wheel drive and 4WD) Reflecting two axles with both wheels on each capable of being powered.

  2. Category:All-wheel-drive vehicles - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Category:All-wheel-drive

    Category:All-wheel-drive vehicles From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia These vehicles — some automobiles, some trucks — feature the four-wheel-drive layout in certain models (and " all-wheel drive " in the case of vehicles with more than two axles). Note that some are also available in versions with front-wheel drive or rear-wheel drive.

  3. Symmetrical All Wheel Drive - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Symmetrical_All_Wheel_Drive

    The Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive (also known as Symmetrical AWD or SAWD) is a full-time four-wheel drive system developed by a Japanese automobile manufacturer Subaru.The SAWD system consists of a longitudinally mounted boxer engine coupled to a symmetrical drivetrain with equal length half-axles.

  4. All-wheel drive — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org › en › All-wheel_drive

    An all-wheel drive vehicle (AWD vehicle) is one with a pow­er­train ca­pa­ble of pro­vid­ing power to all its wheels, whether full-time or on-de­mand. The most com­mon forms of all-wheel drive are: 4×4 (also, four-wheel drive and 4WD) Reflecting two axles with both wheels on each capable of being powered.

  5. Four-wheel drive - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Four-wheel_drive

    All-wheel drive (AWD) historically was synonymous with "four-wheel drive" on four-wheeled vehicles, and six-wheel drive on 6×6s, and so on, being used in that fashion at least as early as the 1920s. Today in North America, the term is applied to both heavy vehicles and light passenger vehicles.

  6. BMW xDrive - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › BMW_xDrive
    • Overview
    • Predecessor
    • Design
    • Applications

    BMW xDrive is the marketing name for the all-wheel drive system found on various BMW models since 2003. The system uses an electronically-actuated clutch-pack differential to vary the torque between the front and rear axles. Models with the DPC torque vectoring system also have a planetary gearset to overdrive an axle or rear wheel as required. Prior to the introduction of xDrive, all-wheel drive was available on several models since 1985, based on an all-wheel drive system that uses viscous cou

    The first BMWs available with all-wheel drive were the 1985-1992 E30 325iX and 1991-1996 E34 525iX models. These cars use centre and rear differentials with viscous couplings to vary the torque split between wheels. The centre differential has a default front:rear torque split of 37:63, due to the planetary gear. Up to 80% of the torque can be transferred to the tripping axle, using the increasing shear force of the silicone fluid in the viscous coupling as wheel slip causes one axle to spin fas

    Unlike its predecessor, the xDrive system uses an electronically-actuated clutch-pack differential that engages to send torque to the front axle. In the case of the 2018 X3 through X6 models, the default torque split is 40:60 and the system is able to send 100% of the torque to either axle. However, full torque transfer to the front axle can only be achieved if the rear wheels have absolutely no traction, as the rear drive shaft is hard-coupled to the transmission output,. The wet clutch is appl

    The first models xDrive models were released in 2003. These consisted of the newly released BMW X3, facelifted BMW X5 and the facelifted BMW 3 Series. In the following years, the availability of xDrive increased throughout the model range, and it is currently available on most models. The first BMW M models to use xDrive were the 2009 E70 X5M and E71 X6M models. The first non-SUV BMW M model to not be rear-wheel drive was the 2017 F90 M5, which was only available with xDrive. In Canada, 50 perce

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