The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985. The original model was one of a number of 16/32- and 32-bit computers that featured 256 KB or more of RAM, mouse-based GUIs, and significantly improved graphics and audio over 8-bit systems.
The Amiga 500, also known as the A500, is the first low-end Commodore Amiga 16/32-bit multimedia home/personal computer.It was announced at the winter Consumer Electronics Show in January 1987 – at the same time as the high-end Amiga 2000 – and competed directly against the Atari 520ST.
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The Amiga 1200, or A1200, is a personal computer in the Amiga computer family released by Commodore International, aimed at the home computer market. It was launched on October 21, 1992, at a base price of £399 in the United Kingdom and $599 in the United States.
The A1200 was launched a few months after the Amiga 600, using a similar slimline design that replaced the earlier Amiga 500 Plus and Amiga 500. Whereas the A600 used the 16-bit Motorola 68000 of earlier Amigas, the A1200 was built around the faster and more powerful Motorola 68EC020. Physically, the A1200 is an all-in-one design incorporating the CPU, keyboard, and disk drives in one physical unit. The A1200 has a similar hardware architecture to Commodore's Amiga CD32 game console. Initially,
The A1200 offers a number of advantages over earlier lower-budget Amiga models. Specifically, it is a 32-bit design; the 68EC020 microprocessor is faster than the 68000 and has 2 MB of RAM as standard. The AGA chipset used in the A1200 is a significant improvement. AGA increases the color palette from 4096 colors to 16.8 million colors with up to 256 on-screen colors normally, and an improved HAM mode allowing 262,144 on-screen colors. The graphics hardware also features improved sprite capacity
Although it is a significant upgrade, the A1200 did not sell as well as the 500 and proved to be Commodore's last lower-budget model before filing for bankruptcy in 1994. This is mainly because the 1200 failed to repeat the technological advantage over competitors like the first Amiga systems. The AGA chipset was something of a disappointment. Commodore had initially been working on a much-improved version of the original Amiga chipset, codenamed "AAA", but when development fell behind they rush
The A1200 has a Motorola 68EC020 CPU. It is noteworthy that, like the 68000, the 68EC020 has a 24-bit address space, allowing for a theoretical maximum of 16 MB of memory. A stock A1200 has 2 MB of in-built "chip RAM".. Up to 8 MB of "fast RAM" can be added in the "trap-door" exp
The A1200 shipped with Commodore's third-generation Amiga chipset, the Advanced Graphics Architecture, which features improved graphical abilities in comparison to the earlier generations. However, the sound hardware remains identical to the design used in the Amiga 1000, though
Like earlier models, the A1200 features several Amiga-specific connectors including two DE9M ports for joysticks, mice, and light pens, a standard 25-pin RS-232 serial port and a 25-pin Centronics parallel port. As a result, the A1200 is compatible with many existing Amiga periph
Some software officially bundled with the A1200 included Deluxe Paint IV AGA and Final Copy. The Amiga Technologies/Escom version was bundled with applications such as Scala and Wordworth, and games like Pinball Mania and Whizz. In the UK the Amiga 1200 was available in a Desktop Dynamite bundle which contained Workbench 3.0, Deluxe Paint IV AGA, Wordworth and two games: Oscar and Dennis. There was also a Comic relief version that came bundled with the game Sleepwalker. This also came with Workb
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The Amiga 600, also known as the A600, is a home computer that was introduced at the CeBIT show in March 1992. The A600 is Commodore International's final model based on the Motorola 68000 CPU and the ECS chipset. It is essentially a redesign of the Amiga 500 Plus, with the option of an internal hard disk drive and a PCMCIA port. A notable aspect of the A600 is its small size. Lacking a numeric keypad, the A600 is only slightly larger than a standard PC keyboard. It shipped with AmigaOS 2.0, whi
The A600 shipped with a Motorola 68000 CPU, running at 7.09 MHz or 7.16 MHz and 1 MB "chip" RAM with 80-ns access time. The designers included no capability to upgrade the original CPU as the 68000 is soldered to the motherboard and there is no other connection for upgrade. Despi
The A600 is the last Amiga model to use Commodore's Enhanced Chip Set, which can address 2 MB of RAM and adds higher resolution display modes. The so-called Super Agnus display chip can drive screen modes varying from 320×200 pixels to 1280×512 pixels, with different ...
The A600 features Amiga-specific connectors including two DB9M ports for joysticks, mice, and light pens, a standard 25-pin RS-232 serial port and a 25-pin Centronics parallel port. As a result, the A600 is compatible with many peripherals available for earlier Amiga models, such
In addition to the stock A600, mouse, power supply, and Workbench disk package, the A600 was available with the following software and hardware bundles: 1. 'Lemmings' bundle: Lemmings and the Electronic Arts graphics package Deluxe Paint III. 2. 'Robocop 3D' bundle: Robocop 3D, Myth, Shadow of the Beast III, Graphic Workshop and Microtext 3. 'Wild, Weird and Wicked' bundle: Formula One Grand Prix, Pushover, Putty and Deluxe Paint III 4. A600HD 'Epic/Language' bundle: including internal 20 MB har
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The Commodore Amiga 1000, also known as the A1000 and originally marketed as the Amiga, is the first personal computer released by Commodore International in the Amiga line. . It combines the 16/32-bit Motorola 68000 CPU which was powerful by 1985 standards with one of the most advanced graphics and sound systems in its class, and runs a preemptive multitasking operating system that fits into ...
The Amiga CD32 (stylized as Amiga CD 32, code-named "Spellbound") is a 32-bit home video game console developed by Commodore and released in Europe, Australia, Canada and Brazil. It was first announced at the Science Museum in London on July 16, 1993, and was released in September of the same year.
Frank Riemenschneider: Amiga – Programmieren in Maschinensprache. Ein modularer Programmierkurs mit dem Devpac-Assembler. Markt & Technik Verlag, Haar bei München 1989, ISBN 3-89090-712-1 (Commodore-Sachbuch). Jimmi Maher: The Future was Here. The Commodore Amiga. MIT Press, Cambridge 2012, ISBN 978-0-262-01720-6.
Amiga Inc. zou de klassieke Amiga blijven ondersteunen, maar dan vooral via derden, om de gehele "Classic" historie langzaam uit te faseren. AmigaOS 3.5, 3.9 (68K/PPC) en OS 4.0 (PPC) zouden later (en werden) als overbrugging uitgebracht voor de bestaande Amiga hardware en community.
Amiga è una famiglia di home/personal computer commercializzati dalla Commodore a partire dal 1985.La piattaforma informatica da cui derivarono fu originariamente sviluppata a partire dal 1982 dall'azienda Hi-Toro, che nel 1984 cambiò nome in Amiga Corporation; l'ideatore del progetto fu Jay Miner, che già aveva sviluppato i progetti dell'Atari 2600 e dei computer Atari ad 8 bit.
Kolejnym modelem była Amiga 1200 z roku 1992 – następczyni modelu A500. Posiadała 32-bitowy procesor MC68EC020 (tańsza wersja MC68020 z 24-bitową szyną adresową oraz nie posiadająca pięciu sygnałów w porównaniu do pełnej wersji), taktowany zegarem 14,28 MHz, nowoczesne kości grafiki AGA, pamięć CHIP rozszerzoną do 2MB.