- Definition. Antimalarial drugs are medicines that prevent or treat malaria.
- Purpose. Antimalarial drugs treat or prevent malaria, a disease that occurs in tropical, subtropical, and some temperate regions of the world.
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Antimalarial medications or simply antimalarials are a type of antiparasitic chemical agent, often naturally derived, that can be used to treat or to prevent malaria, in the latter case, most often aiming at two susceptible target groups, young children and pregnant women.
Hydroxychloroquine is in the antimalarial and 4-aminoquinoline families of medication. Hydroxychloroquine was approved for medical use in the United States in 1955. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines.
- Plaquenil, others
- AU: D, US: N (Not classified yet)
Pages in category "Antimalarial agents" The following 59 pages are in this category, out of 59 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().
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Two main mechanisms of resistance drive Plasmodium resistance to antimalarial drugs. The first one is an efflux of the drug away from its action site due to mutations in different transporter genes (like pfcrt in chloroquine resistance) or an increased number of the gene copies (like pfmdr1 copy number in mefloquine resistance).
- 282.336 g·mol−1
- 152 to 157 °C (306 to 315 °F)
May 02, 2019 · Media in category "Antimalarial agents" The following 44 files are in this category, out of 44 total. Atovaquone sf.png 951 × 406; 106 KB.
Atovaquone is a medication used to treat or prevent: For pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), it is used in mild cases, although it is not approved for treatment of severe cases. For toxoplasmosis, the medication has antiparasitic and therapeutic effects. For malaria, it is one of the two components (along with proguanil) in the drug Malarone.
This is due to the cost of the drugs, side effects from long-term use, and the difficulty in obtaining antimalarial drugs outside of wealthy nations. During pregnancy, medication to prevent malaria has been found to improve the weight of the baby at birth and decrease the risk of anaemia in the mother. 
Two important currently used antimalarial drugs are derived from plants whose medicinal values had been noted for centuries: artemisinin from the Qinghao plant (Artemisia annua L, China, 4th century) and quinine from the cinchona tree (South America, 17th century). 2. Antimalarials Quinine. Quinine comes from the bark of a tree native to South ...
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