The automobile in American history and culture: a reference guide. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313245589. Black, Edwin (2006). Internal Combustion: How Corporations and Governments Addicted the World to Oil and Derailed the Alternatives. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9780312359089. Clarke, Sally H. (2007).
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation. Most definitions of cars say that they run primarily on roads, seat one to eight people, have four wheels, and mainly transport people rather than goods. Cars came into global use during the 20th century, and developed economies depend on them.
The automotive industry comprises a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles. It is one of the world's largest industries by revenue. The automotive industry does not include industries dedicated to the maintenance of automobiles following delivery to the end-user, such as automobile repair shops and motor fuel filling stations. The word automotive comes from the Greek autos, and Latin motivus, referrin
The automotive industry began in the 1860s with hundreds of manufacturers that pioneered the horseless carriage. For many decades, the United States led the world in total automobile production. In 1929, before the Great Depression, the world had 32,028,500 automobiles in use, and the U.S. automobile industry produced over 90% of them. At that time, the U.S. had one car per 4.87 persons. After 1945, the U.S. produced about 75 percent of world's auto production. In 1980, the U.S. was overtaken by
Safety is a state that implies to be protected from any risk, danger, damage or cause of injury. In the automotive industry, safety means that users, operators or manufacturers do not face any risk or danger coming from the motor vehicle or its spare parts. Safety for the automobiles themselves, implies that there is no risk of damage. Safety in the automotive industry is particularly important and therefore highly regulated. Automobiles and other motor vehicles have to comply with a certain num
In 2007, there were about 806 million cars and light trucks on the road, consuming over 980 billion litres of gasoline and diesel fuel yearly. The automobile is a primary mode of transportation for many developed economies. The Detroit branch of Boston Consulting Group predicted that, by 2014, one-third of world demand would be in the four BRIC markets. Meanwhile, in the developed countries, the automotive industry has slowed. It is also expected that this trend will continue, especially as the
An automobile or motor is a wheeled motor vehicle for transportin passengers, that cairies its ain ingine or motor an aw. Maest definitions o the term specify that automobiles ar designed tae run primarily on roads, tae hae seatin for ane tae aicht fowk, tae typically huv fower wheels, an tae be constructed principally for the transport o folk rather than guids.
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Le substantif « automobile » est attesté vers 1890, mais son genre, aujourd'hui seulement féminin, a fait pour les linguistes l'objet de débats  : le féminin fait référence à la notion de voiture automobile, alors que le masculin fait référence à la notion de véhicule automobile .
This is a list of notable automobile manufacturers with articles on Wikipedia by country. It includes companies that are in business as well as defunct manufacturers.
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In 2005 63 million cars and light trucks were produced worldwide. The world's biggest car producer (including light trucks) is the European Union with 29% of the world's production. In non-EU Eastern Europe another 4% are produced. The second largest manufacturer is NAFTA with 25.8%, followed by Japan with 16.7%, China with 8.1%, MERCOSUR with 3.9%, India with 2.4% and the rest of the world with 10.1%. Large free trade areas like EU, NAFTA and MERCOSUR attract manufacturers worldwide to produce their products within them and without currency risks or customs, additionally to being close to customers. Thus the production figures do not show the technological ability or business skill of the areas. In fact much if not most of the Third World car production is used western technology and car models (and sometimes even complete obsolete western factories shipped to the country), which is reflected in the patent statistic as well as the locations of the r&d centers. The automobile indust...
Compared to other popular modes of passenger transportation, especially buses, the automobile is relatively uneconomic. There are a number of reasons for this: 1. The typical private car spends most of its lifetime idling and depreciation is a significant proportion of the total cost. 1. Compared to bulk-carrying vehicles such as airplanes, busesand trains, individual vehicles have worse economies of scale. 1. Capacity utilisation is low. The average occupancy of automobiles is below 1.5 passengers in most parts of the world. Measures such as HOV lanestry to address this issue. 1. According to the RACthe average cost of running a new car in the UK is GBP 5,000 (US$ 9,000) per year, or roughly 1/3 of the average net wage, a situation reflected in most other Western nations. Nevertheless demand for automobiles remains high and inelasic, suggesting that its advantages, such as on-demand and door-to-door travel, are highly prized and not easily susbtituted by cheaper alternative modes o...
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- The modern automotive product engineering process
Automotive engineering, along with aerospace engineering and naval architecture, is a branch of vehicle engineering, incorporating elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software, and safety engineering as applied to the design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles, and trucks and their respective engineering subsystems. It also includes modification of vehicles. Manufacturing domain deals with the creation and assembling the whole parts of automobiles is also included
Automobile engineering is a branch study of engineering which teaches manufacturing, designing, mechanical mechanisms as well as operations of automobiles. It is an introduction to vehicle engineering which deals with motorcycles, cars, buses, trucks, etc. It includes branch stud
A development engineer has the responsibility for coordinating delivery of the engineering attributes of a complete automobile as dictated by the automobile manufacturer, governmental regulations, and the customer who buys the product. Much like the Systems engineer, the developm
Manufacturing engineers are responsible for ensuring proper production of the automotive components or complete vehicles. While the development engineers are responsible for the function of the vehicle, manufacturing engineers are responsible for the safe and effective production
Other automotive engineers include those listed below: 1. Aerodynamics engineers will often give guidance to the styling studio so that the shapes they design are aerodynamic, as well as attractive. 2. Body engineers will also let the studio know if it is feasible to make the pan
Studies indicate that a substantial part of the modern vehicle's value comes from intelligent systems, and that these represent most of the current automotive innovation. To facilitate this, the modern automotive engineering process has to handle an increased use of mechatronics. Configuration and performance optimization, system integration, control, component, subsystem and system-level validation of the intelligent systems must become an intrinsic part of the standard vehicle engineering proc
Jan 23, 2010 · A wiki all about cars, buses, trucks, and SUVs that anyone can edit 11,393 car-ticles since January 23, 2010. About - New Pages - Categories - Forums - Administrators - Rules - Videos - Help - History - Community Portal - Request for powers/rights Affiliates Gongjin's Campaign Memorials - Top Gear Wiki - Fire Wiki - Jeep Wiki - Classic Cars Wiki - Gran Turismo Wiki To write a new article, just ...