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  1. Contract manufacturer - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Contract_manufacturer

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A contract manufacturer ("CM") is a manufacturer that contracts with a firm for components or products (in which case it is a turnkey supplier). It is a form of outsourcing. A contract manufacturer performing packaging operations is called copacker or a contract packager.

  2. Contract manufacturing organization - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Contract_manufacturing

    A contract manufacturing organization (CMO), sometimes called a contract development and manufacturing organization (CDMO), is a company that serves other companies in the pharmaceutical industry on a contract basis to provide comprehensive services from drug development through drug manufacturing.

  3. Contract manufacturer — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org › en › Contract_manufacturer
    • Business Model
    • Industries That Use The Practice
    • Purpose, Benefits, and Risks
    • Protectionism
    • See Also
    • External Links

    In a con­tract man­u­fac­tur­ing busi­ness model, the hir­ing firm ap­proaches the con­tract man­u­fac­turer with a de­sign or for­mula. The con­tract man­u­fac­turer will quote the parts based on processes, labor, tool­ing, and ma­te­r­ial costs. Typ­i­cally a hir­ing firm will re­quest quotes from mul­ti­ple CMs. After the bid­ding process is com­plete, the hir­ing firm will se­lect a source, and then, for the agreed-upon price, the CM acts as the hir­ing firm's fac­tory, pro­duc­ing and ship­ping units of the de­sign on be­half of the hir­ing firm. Job pro­duc­tionis, in essence, man­u­fac­tur­ing on a con­tract basis, and thus it forms a sub­set of the larger field of con­tract man­u­fac­tur­ing. But the lat­ter field also in­cludes, in ad­di­tion to job­bing, a higher level of out­sourc­ing in which a prod­uct-line-own­ing com­pany en­trusts its en­tire pro­duc­tion to a con­trac­tor, rather than just out­sourc­ing parts of it.

    Many in­dus­tries use this process, es­pe­cially the aero­space, de­fense, com­puter, semi­con­duc­tor, en­ergy, med­ical, food man­u­fac­tur­ing, per­sonal care, pack­ag­ing, and au­to­mo­tive fields. Some types of con­tract man­u­fac­tur­ing in­clude CNC ma­chin­ing, com­plex as­sem­bly, alu­minum die cast­ing, grind­ing, broach­ing, gears, and forg­ing. The phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal in­dus­try uses this process with CMs called con­tract man­u­fac­tur­ing or­ga­ni­za­tions. In the semi­con­duc­tor in­dus­try, this prac­tice is called the foundry model. Con­tract man­u­fac­tur­ing is spe­cially preva­lent in the elec­tron­ics in­dus­try.

    There are many ben­e­fits as well as risks to con­tract man­u­fac­tur­ing. Com­pa­nies are find­ing many rea­sons why they should out­source their pro­duc­tion to other com­pa­nies. How­ever, pro­duc­tion out­side of the com­pany has many risks at­tached. Com­pa­nies must first iden­tify their core com­pe­ten­cies be­fore de­cid­ing about con­tract man­u­fac­tur­ers. A com­pany's com­pe­ten­cies are what make them com­pet­i­tive in the mar­ket­place. If a com­pany al­lows an­other com­pany to take con­trol of them, it loses that ad­van­tage. When de­cid­ing about con­tract man­u­fac­ture, the com­pany should weigh the ben­e­fits and as­so­ci­ated risks. For small com­pa­nies, con­tract man­u­fac­tur­ing may not be a good busi­ness strat­egy. For large com­pa­nies that are try­ing to ex­tend into new mar­kets, con­tract man­u­fac­tur­ing may be a good choice.

    In an in­ter­na­tional con­text, es­tab­lish­ing a for­eign sub­sidiary as a con­tract man­u­fac­turer can have fa­vor­able tax ben­e­fits for the par­ent com­pany, al­low­ing them to re­duce over­all tax li­a­bil­i­ties and in­crease prof­its, de­pend­ing upon the ac­tiv­i­ties of the con­tract man­u­fac­turer. This is a form of true pro­tec­tion­ism. The iPad and iPhone, which are prod­ucts of Apple Inc., are man­u­fac­tured in China by Fox­conn. Some de­vices may also be man­u­fac­tured by Pe­ga­tron. Apple may move some frac­tion of iPhone as­sem­bly into the United Statesin the near future.

  4. Category:Contract vehicle manufacturers - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Category:Contract_vehicle

    Pages in category "Contract vehicle manufacturers" The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().

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  6. Contract manufacturer - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    es.wikipedia.org › wiki › Contract_manufacturer

    Contract manufacturer. Un contract manufacturer ( CM) (en español: fabricante por contrato o empresa subcontratista) es una empresa que es contratada por otra compañía para fabricar componentes o productos, o para eventualmente proveer algún servicio. Es una forma de subcontratación .

  7. Contract manufacturer - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia

    wikimili.com › en › Contract_manufacturer

    From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia A contract manufacturer ("CM") is a manufacturer that contracts with a firm for components or products. It is a form of outsourcing. A contract manufacturer performing packaging operations is called copacker or a contract packager.

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