The Dutch guilder (Dutch: gulden, IPA: [ˈɣɵldə(n)]) or fl. was the currency of the Netherlands from the 17th century until 2002, when it was replaced by the euro.Between 1999 and 2002, the guilder was officially a "national subunit" of the euro.
The inscriptions on the Dutch guilder are in Dutch, which is suitable for the Dutch wikipedia; rubles are labelled in Cyrillic. This is the English Wikipedia. This is the English Wikipedia. Septentrionalis PMAnderson 03:54, 3 February 2008 (UTC)
Guilder is the English translation of the Dutch and German gulden, originally shortened from Middle High German guldin pfenninc "gold penny".This was the term that became current in the southern and western parts of the Holy Roman Empire for the Fiorino d'oro (introduced 1252).
The Dutch guilder was reintroduced in 1828, now subdivided into 100 cents. When currency began once more to be issued specifically for use in the Netherlands Antilles, it was issued in the name of Curaçao , with the first banknotes and coins, denominated in the Dutch currency, introduced in 1892 and 1900, respectively.
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The gulden was the unit of account of the Dutch East Indies from 1602 under the United East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie; VOC), following Dutch practice first adopted in the 15th century (gulden coins were not minted in the Netherlands between 1558 and 1681 and none circulated in the Indies until a century later).
In the 18th century, the Dutch guilder circulated in the Netherlands Antilles. Twenty stuivers equalled a guilder. It circulated until the Napoleonic Wars. The Dutch guilder originated in 1680 as a silver coin with a silver purity of 91%, minted by the States of Holland and West Friesland.
The Dutch rijksdaalder or the local versions of the 2 1 ⁄ 2-guilder coin (or paper) were circulating in Dutch East India from 1602 until 1949. In this year the Netherlands Indies gulden was replaced by the Indonesian rupiah. The Netherlands United East India Company (VOC) issued the rijksdaalder in the Cape Colony in the 16th century.
The florin (Dutch: [floːˈrɪn]; sign: Afl.; code: AWG) is the currency of Aruba. It is subdivided into 100 cents. The florin was introduced in 1986, replacing the Netherlands Antillean guilder at par. The Aruban florin is pegged to the United States dollar at the rate of 1.79 florin per USD.
The Dutch guilder emerged as a de facto world currency in the 18th century due to unprecedented domination of trade by the Dutch East India Company. However, the development of the modern concept of a reserve currency took place in the mid 19th century, with the introduction of national central banks and treasuries and an increasingly integrated global economy.
As a founding member of the euro, the Netherlands replaced (for accounting purposes) its former currency, the "gulden" , on 1 January 1999, along with 15 other adopters of the euro. Actual euro coins and banknotes followed on 1 January 2002. One euro was equivalent to 2.20371 Dutch guilders.