- The English Wikipedia is the English-language edition of the free online encyclopedia, Wikipedia. It was founded on 15 January 2001 as Wikipedia's first edition and, as of November 2020 , has the most articles of any edition, at 6,268,179. As of March 2021, 11% of articles in all Wikipedias belong to the English-language edition.
English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages. Old English originated from a Germanic tribal and linguistic continuum along the Frisian North Sea coast, whose languages gradually evolved into the Anglic languages in the British Isles, and into the Frisian languages and Low German/Low Saxon on the continent.
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Germanic tribes (Saxons, Angles, and Jutes) came to Britain from around 449 AD. They made their home in the south and east of the island, pushing out the Celtic Britons who were there before them, or making them speak the English language instead of the old Celtic languages. Some people still speak Celtic languages today, in Wales (Welsh) and elsewhere. Gaelic is the Scottish Celtic language, still spoken by some in the Scottish Highlands and Islands. "Scots" is a dialect of English, taken from the English spoken in Northumbria. Irish Gaelicis spoken by very few people today. The Germanic dialects of the different tribes became what is now called Old English. The word "English" comes from the name of the Angles: Englas. Old English did not sound or look much like the English spoken today. If English speakers today were to hear or read a passage in Old English, they would understand just a few words. The closest language to English that is still used today is Frisian, spoken by about...
English grammar started out based on Old English, which is considered to be a Germanic language. After the Norman French conquered England in 1066, parts of the Latin languagewere brought to the English language by the Norman French.
Written English uses a strange spelling. Different words can use the same letters and combinations for very different sounds. For example, "-ough" was once a gutturalbut has become different in "through" (threw), "rough" (ruff), "dough" (doe) or "cough" (coff). That can make it a difficult language to learn. Many English-speaking countries spell words differently. Some words are spelled differently in the United States from in the United Kingdom and many other countries and others of the British Commonwealth, where English is the main language. The different ways of spelling are sometimes called "American English" and "British English". For example, "colour" is spelled "color" in American English, and "programme" is spelled "program". Even the word "spelled" is different in British English, which uses "spelt".
The English Alphabet consists of 26 letters:- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Nearly 60% of the vocabularyin the English language comes from Latin and its descendents, mainly French: 1. Langue d'oïl (French): 29.3% 2. Latin, including modern scientific and technical Latin and Frankish (Germanic language): 28.7% 3. Germanic languages: 24% (inherited from Old English/Anglo-Saxon, Proto-Germanic, Old Norse, etc. without including Germanic words borrowed from a Romance languages) 4. Greek: 5.32% 5. Italian, Spanish and Portuguese: 4.03% 6. Derived from proper names: 3.28% 7. All other languages: less than 1% However, the most common words are more often those of Germanic origin. Also, expressions and typical short phrases are often of Germanic origin.
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The English Wikipedia is the English-language edition of the free online encyclopedia Wikipedia. It was founded on 15 January 2001 as Wikipedia's first edition and, as of October 2021, has the most articles of any edition, at 6,393,043. As of October 2021, 11% of articles in all Wikipedias belong to the English-language edition. This share has gradually declined from more than 50 percent in 2003, due to the growth of Wikipedias in other languages.
English-Language Learner (often abbreviated as ELL) is a term used in some English-speaking countries such as the US and Canada to describe a person who is learning the English language and has a native language that is not English. Some educational advocates, especially in the United States, classify theses students as non-native English ...
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All languages share certain things which separate them from all other kinds of communication. 1. A language has rules which are shared by a community. 2. All human languages are based on sound and hearing, or in the case of sign language, vision. All the basic sound units, or phonemes, have this in common: they can be spoken by the human voice, and heard by the human ear. 3. The sounds come out in a sequence, not all at once. This is mimicked in writing, where the marks are put on the paper or screen in the same sequence. 4. The stream of sounds have little gaps between them, and come in bigger packages. We call the bigger packets sentences or questionsor replies or comments. 5. In most languages, English being one, the syntaxor order of the words can change the meaning: "the cat sat on the man" is different from "the man sat on the cat". 6. Words (which may be made up of more than one phoneme) divide up into two classes: content and non-content. Content words have meaning: nouns, v...
Mathematics and computer science use created languages called formal languages (like computer programming languages), but these may or may not be 'true' languages. Mathematics itself is seen as a language by many. Some people consider musical notationto be a way of writing the musical language. Chinese is the language with the most native speakers in the world, but Chinese is not really a language. It is a close family of dialects, some of which are as different as Romance languagesare from one another. Greekis one of the worlds oldest surviving languages. In its modern form, Greek is the official language of Greece and Cyprus and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. About 13.5 million people speak the Greek language. English is often called "the international language", or lingua franca. It is the main second language of the world and the international language of science, travel, technology, business, diplomacy, and entertainment. Frenchhad a similar status unti...