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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › FantasyFantasy - Wikipedia

    Most fantasy uses magic or other supernatural elements as a main plot element, theme, or setting. Magic, magic practitioners (sorcerers, witches and so on) and magical creatures are common in many of these worlds. An identifying trait of fantasy is the author's use of narrative elements that do not have to rely on history or nature to be coherent.

  2. And today fantasy continues as an expansive, multi-layered milieu encompassing many subgenres, including traditional high fantasy, sword and sorcery, magical realism, fairytale fantasy, and horror-tinged dark fantasy. Contents 1 Differences between fantasy and earlier fantastic works 2 Development of fantasy 2.1 Romances 2.2 The Enlightenment

    • Overview
    • Conscious fantasy
    • Freud and fantasy
    • Freud and daydreams
    • In schizophrenia
    • Klein and unconscious fantasy

    In psychology, fantasy is a broad range of mental experiences, mediated by the faculty of imagination in the human brain, and marked by an expression of certain desires through vivid mental imagery. Fantasies are associated with scenarios that are absolutely impossible.

    In everyday life, individuals often find their thoughts "pursue a series of fantasies concerning things they wish they could do or wish they had done... fantasies of control or of sovereign choice... daydreams." George Eman Vaillant in his study of defence mechanisms took as a central example of "an immature defence... fantasy — living in a 'Walter...

    For Freud, a fantasy is constructed around multiple, often repressed wishes, and employs disguise to mask and mark the very defensive processes by which desire is enacted. The subject's desire to maintain distance from the repressed wish and simultaneously experience it opens up a type of third person syntax allowing for multiple entry into the fan...

    A similarly positive view of fantasy was taken by Sigmund Freud who considered fantasy a defence mechanism. He considered that men and women "cannot subsist on the scanty satisfaction which they can extort from reality. 'We simply cannot do without auxiliary constructions,' as Theodor Fontane once said... dwelling on imaginary wish fulfillments." A...

    In the context of occurrences of the mental disorder known as schizophrenia, individuals who exhibit symptoms fulfilling this particular classification might be experiencing fantasies as part of the diagnosis. Scientific investigation into activity of the so-called default network within the brain has shown individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia ...

    Melanie Klein extended Freud's concept of fantasy to cover the developing child's relationship to a world of internal objects. In her thought, this kind of "play activity inside the person is known as 'unconscious fantasy'. And these phantasies are often very violent and aggressive. They are different from ordinary day-dreams or 'fantasies'." The t...

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    • Summary
    • Overview
    • Critical reception
    • Appearances in other media
    • Chart performance

    "Fantasy" is a song by American band Earth, Wind & Fire, which was issued as a single in 1978 by Columbia Records.

    "Fantasy" was produced by Maurice White, who also composed the song with Eddie Del Barrio and Verdine White. The song took three months to compose, and was only finally finished after Maurice White saw and was inspired by the film Close Encounters of the Third Kind. The US B-side of the single was a song called "Be Ever Wonderful", while the UK B-s...

    Blues and Soul also declared that "Play it loud and it'll fill any dance floor". Joe McEwen of Rolling Stone wrote "The lyrics of “Fantasy” may be hard to swallow, but the music is as close to elegance as any funk song has come. Voices and a light touch of strings suddenly appear over a choppy, propulsive track, swell and swoop, only to disappear a...

    Fantasy appeared on the soundtrack of the 1981 feature film Private Lessons, the 1997 feature film The Sixth Man, the 2005 feature film Be Cool and the 2006 video game Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Stories. It also appears in the second season Bob's Burgers episode, "Bad Tina" and at the end of the 2020 Disney+ movie, Godmothered.

    The single reached No. 12 on the Billboard Hot Soul Songs chart, No. 32 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and No. 14 on the UK Singles chart. After its release in Japan as a digital single to cellphones in 2009, it was certified gold for 100,000 downloads in May 2011.

    • "Be Ever Wonderful (UK), Runnin' (US)"
    • January 1978 (UK), February 1978 (US)
    • Background
    • Composition
    • Critical Reception
    • Chart Performance
    • Remixes
    • Music Video
    • Live Performances
    • Legacy & Influence
    • Credits and Personnel

    With Daydream, Carey began incorporating urban R&B and hip hop into her music, something very noticeable in "Fantasy". After Carey began writing songs for her new album Daydream, she decided to include the hook from the Tom Tom Club song "Genius of Love" into an up-tempo song. Afterwards, Carey and Hall began incorporating the sample into the lyric...

    "Fantasy" is an up-tempo song with contemporary R&B and dance-pop genres within its composition, which blends elements of funk music, hip hop, and bubblegum pop. "Fantasy" moves at a tempo of 102 beats per minute. The remix, which features rap verses from O.D.B., also incorporates hip-hop into the bridge. The song uses heavy bass and percussion, as...

    Upon its release, "Fantasy" garnered acclaim from contemporary music critics. Bill Lamb from About.com was very positive on the song, calling it "truly inspiring" and a "career high water mark" for Carey. Stephen Thomas Erlewine from AllMusic also praised the song, saying "Carey continues to perfect her craft and that she has earned her status as a...

    "Fantasy" was a huge success globally. The song became Carey's ninth number one single on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart. It became the first single by a female artist to open atop the chart, and only the second single to do so after "You Are Not Alone" by Michael Jackson. It debuted at number one due to the strong sales, which were expected to exc...

    Carey worked with producer Puff Daddy to create the official remix, the Bad Boy remix of "Fantasy". While Columbia allowed Carey more leniency with the music she recorded, they became hesitant when she featured O.D.B. in the remix for "Fantasy". They feared the sudden change was completely left field for her music, and worried it would jeopardize t...

    The single's music video was the first that Carey directed entirely on her own. Carey had been open about the fact that she had not been happy with some of her previous music videos. She therefore decided to single-handedly direct the video, so the outcome would be to her exact choosing. Carey said her inspiration for the video was to give off a "f...

    "Fantasy" was performed at the 23rd Annual American Music Awards, where Carey won two of the top awards. For the performance, Carey wore a long black trench coat and matching boots, pants and blouse, and was backed by three background vocalists. Additionally, Carey sang "Fantasy" on the British music chart program Top of the Pops, during a promotio...

    "Fantasy" exemplified how a music sample could be transformed "into a fully realized pop masterpiece". Due to the success and influence of the song, Carey is credited for introducing R&B and hip hop collaboration into mainstream pop culture, and for popularizing rap as a featuring act through her post-1995 songs. Sasha Frere-Jones, editor of The Ne...

    Credits adapted from the Daydreamliner notes. 1. Mariah Carey – co-production, songwriting, vocals 2. Dave Hall – co-production, songwriting 3. Tina Weymouth – songwriting 4. Chris Frantz – songwriting 5. Steven Stanley – songwriting 6. Adrian Belew – songwriting

    • August 23, 1995
    • Columbia
  4. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › High_fantasyHigh fantasy - Wikipedia

    High fantasy, or epic fantasy, is a subgenre of fantasy defined by the epic nature of its setting or by the epic stature of its characters, themes or plot. The term "high fantasy" was coined by Lloyd Alexander in a 1971 essay, "High Fantasy and Heroic Romance", which was originally given at the New England Round Table of Children's Librarians in October 1969.

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