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  1. Gallo-Romance languages - Wikipedia › wiki › Gallo-Romance_languages

    The Gallo-Romance branch of the Romance languages includes in the narrowest sense French, Occitan, and Franco-Provençal. However, other definitions are far broader, variously encompassing Catalan, the Gallo-Italic languages, and the Rhaeto-Romance languages. Old Gallo-Romance was one of the three languages in which the Oaths of Strasbourg were ...

  2. Gallo-Romance languages - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Gallo-Romance_languages

    The Gallo-Romance are a branch of Romance languages.It includes French and several other languages spoken in modern France and northern Italy and Spain. According to certain linguists, it also includes Occitan and Catalan; others group these two together as a separate Occitano-Romance branch, or place Catalan within the Ibero-Romance group.

  3. Romance languages - Wikipedia › List_of_Gallo-Romance_languages

    The Gallo-Romance languages are generally considered the most innovative (least conservative) among the Romance languages. Characteristic Gallo-Romance features generally developed earliest and appear in their most extreme manifestation in the Langue d'oïl , gradually spreading out along riverways and transalpine roads.

    Form ("to sing")
    Nuorese Sardinian
    cantare [kanˈtare̞]
    cantare [kanˈtare]
    Past participle
    cantatu [kanˈtatu]
    cantato [kanˈtato]
    cantande [kanˈtande̞]
    cantando [kanˈtando]
    canto [ˈkanto̞]
    canto [ˈkanto]
  4. Category:Gallo-Romance languages - Wikipedia › wiki › Category:Gallo-Romance

    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gallo-Romance languages: Subcategories. This category has the following 5 subcategories, out of 5 total.

  5. Gallo-Romance languages — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Gallo-Romance_languages
    • Classification
    • Traditional Geographical Extension
    • General Characteristics

    The Gallo-Ro­mance group in­cludes: 1. The Oïl languages. These include French, Orleanais, Gallo, Angevin, Tourangeau, Saintongeais, Poitevin, Bourgignon, Picard, Walloon, Lorrain and Norman. 2. Franco-Provençal, of southeastern France, western Switzerland, and Aosta Valley region of northwestern Italy. Formerly thought of as a dialect of either Oïl or Occitan, it is linguistically a language on its own, or rather a separate group of languages, as many of its dialects have little mutual comprehensibility. It shares features of both French and the Provençal dialect of Occitan. 3. Occitan, or the langue d'oc, has dialects such as Provençal, and Gascon-Aranese. Other lan­guage fam­i­lies which are some­times in­cluded in Gallo-Ro­mance: 1. Catalan, with standard forms of Catalan and Valencian. The inclusion of Catalan in Gallo-Romance is disputed by some linguists who prefer to group it with Iberian Romance.In general, however, modern Catalan, especially grammatically, remains closer t...

    How far the Gallo-Ro­mance lan­guages spread varies a great deal de­pend­ing on which lan­guages are in­cluded in the group. Those in­cluded in its nar­row­est de­f­i­n­i­tion (i.e. the Langues d'oïl and Arpi­tan) were his­tor­i­cally spo­ken in the north of France, parts of Flan­ders, Al­sace, part of Lor­raine, the Wal­lo­nia re­gion of Bel­gium, the Chan­nel Is­lands, parts of Switzer­land, and north­ern Italy. Today, a sin­gle Gallo-Ro­mance lan­guage (French) dom­i­nates much of this ge­o­graphic re­gion (in­clud­ing the for­merly non-Ro­mance areas of France) and has also spread over­seas. At its broad­est, the area also en­com­passes south­ern France, Cat­alo­nia, the Va­len­cian Coun­try and the Balearic is­lands in east­ern Spain, An­dorra and much of north­ern Italy.

    The Gallo-Ro­mance lan­guages are gen­er­ally con­sid­ered the most in­no­v­a­tive (least con­ser­v­a­tive) among the Ro­mance lan­guages. North­ern France (the me­dieval area of the langue d'oïl, from which mod­ern French de­vel­oped) was the epi­cen­tre. Char­ac­ter­is­tic Gallo-Ro­mance fea­tures gen­er­ally de­vel­oped ear­li­est and ap­pear in their most ex­treme man­i­fes­ta­tion in the langue d'oïl, grad­u­ally spread­ing out from there along river­ways and roads. The ear­li­est ver­nac­u­lar Ro­mance writ­ing oc­curred in North­ern France, as the de­vel­op­ment of ver­nac­u­lar writ­ing in a given area was forced by the al­most total in­abil­ity of Ro­mance speak­ers to un­der­stand Clas­si­cal Latin, still the ve­hi­cle of writ­ing and cul­ture. Gallo-Ro­mance lan­guages are usu­ally char­ac­terised by the loss of all un­stressed final vow­els other than /-a/ (most sig­nif­i­cantly, final /-o/ and /-e/ were lost). How­ever, when the loss of a final vowel would re­sult in an...

  6. Talk:Gallo-Romance languages - Wikipedia › wiki › Talk:Gallo-Romance_languages
    • Should It List The Five Families of Gallo-Romance?
    • Gallo-Italian and Rhaetian Languages
    • Wrong Map
    • Catalan
    • Is The Langues d'oil Really Just Another For French.

    According to The Gallo-Romance Family is composed of five sub-families: 1. Langues d'oïl : includes Standard French and Walloon. 1. Franco-Provençal (distinct from the dialect of Occitan). 1. Occitano-Romance: Catalan. Occitan, or langue d'oc, includes Provençal and Gascon dialects. 1. Rhaeto-Romance (Rhaetian): Romansh; Ladin; Friulian. 1. Gallo-Italic languages: Piedmontese, Lombard, Emiliano-Romagnolo and Ligurian. This is supported by the relevent articles. Should the article be edited to include this? It does include this in the side box, but misses out Occitano-Romance as there is confusion that they may be Iberian (Ibero-Romance). But if you look at the relevant pages they all suggest that they are Gallic (Gallo-Romance) in nature.

    Gallo-italian and Rhaetian languages are not gallo-romance, according to their own articles. --, 20 May 2007 (UTC) Gallo-italian languages belong to the gallo-romance languages family!!!!!!!!!The language of Liguria, Piedmont, Lombardy, Emilia and Romagna are very very similar to the French language! The Venetian language does not belong to the Gallo-Italic languages, but always part of the Gallo-Romance languages. (talk) 17:01, 2 October 2009 (UTC) 1. 1.1. 1.1.1. As far as I know there is for example a significant difference concerning the number : Franco-provençal and Occitan bording Italy have /s/ plural, that none of the Italian languages knows. I suppose, there are others. Nortmannus (talk) 17:46, 31 December 2010 (UTC). Other thing : there is no proparoxytonein Occitan (exept Niçard, the Nice dialect, influenced by Italian) and in Franco-Provençal, that 's another significant difference with all the Italian dialects. 2. I proceed to add the Gallo-...

    In the introductory table there's this map, with the caption: Historical area of development for strict Gallo-Romance. Any source? Aside of the weird poing in Italy, this map is of oïl and arpitan languages, not of all gallo-romance languages, not ever the suppose "historical area of development". Do they really mean Catalan or Occitan derive from those areas???? -- (talk) 19:24, 5 October 2012 (UTC) 1. As there's no answer, I'll remove the map. -- (talk) 22:48, 13 October 2012 (UTC) 1. 1.1. First, Catalan and Occitan are not Gallo-Romance (but Occitano-Romance). Second, the point is Faeto and Celle di San Vito, where a Franco-Provençal dialect is spoken. --Florian Blaschke (talk) 21:06, 17 June 2014 (UTC) 1.2. Since none of your objections hold water, I have restored the map. --Florian Blaschke (talk) 22:06, 17 June 2014 (UTC) 1. 1.1. Florian Blaschke - what 'development' of the language occurs or has occurred in Faeto? If you want to get down to it then,...

    It is said: 1. Some specialists add Catalan and it is sometimes classified together with Occitan inside an Occitano-Romance subgroup too. Some specialists? Is there any serious specialist who does not classify Catalan as gallo-romance? Is there any serious linguist who separates such twin languages as Catalan and Occitan in two different branches? -- (talk) 19:28, 5 October 2012 (UTC) 1. As there's been no answer, I've proceeded to do the changes. -- (talk) 22:42, 20 October 2012 (UTC) 1. I agree. Most linguists consider Gallo-Romance as the ancester of Langue d'oil and Franco-Provençal, no other language. Langue d'oc and Gallo-Italic do not belong to this group. The theories including them are old or fringe theories. But Catalan is together with Occitan, that is to say not Gallo-Romance. Nortmannus (talk) 21:08, 26 November 2013 (UTC) The problem lies in omitting languages altogether. Should Gallo-Italic and Rhaeto-Romance be treated as primary branches of...

    Many people say that Norman is a dialect of French, but others say that it is in the same group as French? Which one is it going to be? — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 17:23, 18 February 2020 (UTC)

  7. File:Gallo-Romance languages.svg - Wikipedia › wiki › File:Gallo-Romance

    File:Gallo-Romance languages.svg. Size of this PNG preview of this SVG file: 200 × 200 pixels. Other resolutions: 240 × 240 pixels | 480 × 480 pixels | 600 × 600 pixels | 768 × 768 pixels | 1,024 × 1,024 pixels | 2,048 × 2,048 pixels. This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Information from its description page there is shown below.

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  8. Gallo language - Wikipedia › wiki › Gallo_language
    • Overview
    • Nomenclature
    • Linguistic classification
    • Celtic, Latin and Germanic roots
    • Decline of Gallo
    • Gallo and education

    Gallo is a regional language of eastern Brittany. It is one of the langues d'oïl, a Romance sub-family that includes French. Today it is spoken only by a minority of the population, as the standard form of French now predominates in this area. Gallo was originally spoken in the Marches of Neustria, an area now corresponding to the border lands between Brittany, Normandy, and Maine. Gallo was a shared spoken language among many of those who took part in the Norman conquest of England, most...

    The term gallo is sometimes spelled galo or gallot. It is also referred to as langue gallèse or britto-roman in Brittany. In south Lower Normandy and in the west of Pays de la Loire it is often referred to as patois, though this is a matter of some contention. Gallo comes from the Breton word gall, meaning 'foreigner', 'French' or 'non-Breton'. Gallo was first used by Breton speakers, which explains why it is used very little by Gallo speakers themselves. Henriette Walter conducted a ...

    Gallo is one of the langues d'oïl, a dialect continuum covering the northern half of France. This group includes a wide variety of more or less well-defined and differentiated languages and dialects, which share a Latin origin and some Germanic influence from Frankish, the language spoken by the Franks. Gallo, like the other langues d'oïl, is neither ancient French nor a distortion of modern French. The langues d'oïl are Gallo-Romance languages, which also includes Franco-provençal ...

    The Celts settled in Armorica toward the 8th century BCE. Some of early groups mentioned in the written records of the Greeks were the Redones and the Namnetes. They spoke dialects of the Gaulish language and maintained important economic ties with the British Isles. Julius Caesar's invasion of Armorica in 56 BC led to a sort of Romanization of the population. Gaulish continued to be spoken in this region until the 6th century CE, especially in less populated, rural areas. When the Bretons emigr

    Historically, France has been a nation with a high degree of linguistic diversity matched with relative tolerance, that is until the French Revolution. Gallo's status as a tolerated regional language of France suffered as a direct consequence of the French Revolution. During the revolution, the Jacobins viewed regional languages as a way in which the structural inequalities of France were perpetuated. Accordingly, they sought to eradicate regional languages to free regional language speakers of

    Within recent history, the presence of Gallo has fluctuated in Brittany's school system. Shortly before World War II, the Regional Federation of Bretagne introduced the idea of rejuvenating Gallo's presences in schools. They were primarily motivated in increasing the linguistic competence of children. In 1982, Gallo was officially adopted as an optional subject in secondary schools in Brittany, even appearing on France's secondary school-exit exam, the Baccalaureat. It took years for the Gallo l

    • 191,000 (2012)
    • France
  9. Western Romance languages - Wikipedia › wiki › Western_Romance_languages

    The Catalan language has standard forms of Catalan and Valencian. Can be classified as East Iberian. The Rhaeto-Romance languages. They include Romansh of Switzerland, Ladin of the Dolomites area, Friulian of Friuli. Rhaeto-Romance languages can be classified as Gallo-Romance, or as an independent branch of the Western Romance languages.

  10. Gallo-Romance languages - WikiMili, The Best Wikipedia Reader › en › Gallo-Romance_languages

    How far the Gallo-Romance languages spread varies a great deal depending on which languages are included in the group. Those included in its narrowest definition (i.e. the Langues d'oïl and Arpitan) were historically spoken in the north of France, parts of Flanders, Alsace, part of Lorraine, the Wallonia region of Belgium, the Channel Islands, parts of Switzerland, and northern Italy.

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