The Gallo-Romance branch of the Romance languages includes in the narrowest sense French, Occitan, and Franco-Provençal. However, other definitions are far broader, variously encompassing Catalan, the Gallo-Italic languages, and the Rhaeto-Romance languages. Old Gallo-Romance was one of the three languages in which the Oaths of Strasbourg were ...
The Gallo-Romance are a branch of Romance languages.It includes French and several other languages spoken in modern France and northern Italy and Spain. According to certain linguists, it also includes Occitan and Catalan; others group these two together as a separate Occitano-Romance branch, or place Catalan within the Ibero-Romance group.
The Gallo-Romance languages are generally considered the most innovative (least conservative) among the Romance languages. Characteristic Gallo-Romance features generally developed earliest and appear in their most extreme manifestation in the Langue d'oïl , gradually spreading out along riverways and transalpine roads.Form ("to sing")LatinNuorese SardinianItalianInfinitivecantārecantare [kanˈtare̞]cantare [kanˈtare]Past participlecantātumcantatu [kanˈtatu]cantato [kanˈtato]Gerundcantandumcantande [kanˈtande̞]cantando [kanˈtando]1SG INDICcantōcanto [ˈkanto̞]canto [ˈkanto]
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gallo-Romance languages: Subcategories. This category has the following 5 subcategories, out of 5 total.
- Traditional Geographical Extension
- General Characteristics
The Gallo-Romance group includes: 1. The Oïl languages. These include French, Orleanais, Gallo, Angevin, Tourangeau, Saintongeais, Poitevin, Bourgignon, Picard, Walloon, Lorrain and Norman. 2. Franco-Provençal, of southeastern France, western Switzerland, and Aosta Valley region of northwestern Italy. Formerly thought of as a dialect of either Oïl or Occitan, it is linguistically a language on its own, or rather a separate group of languages, as many of its dialects have little mutual comprehensibility. It shares features of both French and the Provençal dialect of Occitan. 3. Occitan, or the langue d'oc, has dialects such as Provençal, and Gascon-Aranese. Other language families which are sometimes included in Gallo-Romance: 1. Catalan, with standard forms of Catalan and Valencian. The inclusion of Catalan in Gallo-Romance is disputed by some linguists who prefer to group it with Iberian Romance.In general, however, modern Catalan, especially grammatically, remains closer t...
How far the Gallo-Romance languages spread varies a great deal depending on which languages are included in the group. Those included in its narrowest definition (i.e. the Langues d'oïl and Arpitan) were historically spoken in the north of France, parts of Flanders, Alsace, part of Lorraine, the Wallonia region of Belgium, the Channel Islands, parts of Switzerland, and northern Italy. Today, a single Gallo-Romance language (French) dominates much of this geographic region (including the formerly non-Romance areas of France) and has also spread overseas. At its broadest, the area also encompasses southern France, Catalonia, the Valencian Country and the Balearic islands in eastern Spain, Andorra and much of northern Italy.
The Gallo-Romance languages are generally considered the most innovative (least conservative) among the Romance languages. Northern France (the medieval area of the langue d'oïl, from which modern French developed) was the epicentre. Characteristic Gallo-Romance features generally developed earliest and appear in their most extreme manifestation in the langue d'oïl, gradually spreading out from there along riverways and roads. The earliest vernacular Romance writing occurred in Northern France, as the development of vernacular writing in a given area was forced by the almost total inability of Romance speakers to understand Classical Latin, still the vehicle of writing and culture. Gallo-Romance languages are usually characterised by the loss of all unstressed final vowels other than /-a/ (most significantly, final /-o/ and /-e/ were lost). However, when the loss of a final vowel would result in an...
- Should It List The Five Families of Gallo-Romance?
- Gallo-Italian and Rhaetian Languages
- Wrong Map
- Is The Langues d'oil Really Just Another For French.
According to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Romance_languages The Gallo-Romance Family is composed of five sub-families: 1. Langues d'oïl : includes Standard French and Walloon. 1. Franco-Provençal (distinct from the dialect of Occitan). 1. Occitano-Romance: Catalan. Occitan, or langue d'oc, includes Provençal and Gascon dialects. 1. Rhaeto-Romance (Rhaetian): Romansh; Ladin; Friulian. 1. Gallo-Italic languages: Piedmontese, Lombard, Emiliano-Romagnolo and Ligurian. This is supported by the relevent articles. Should the article be edited to include this? It does include this in the side box, but misses out Occitano-Romance as there is confusion that they may be Iberian (Ibero-Romance). But if you look at the relevant pages they all suggest that they are Gallic (Gallo-Romance) in nature. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Romance_languageshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occitan_languagehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catalan_language
Gallo-italian and Rhaetian languages are not gallo-romance, according to their own articles. --184.108.40.20612:24, 20 May 2007 (UTC) Gallo-italian languages belong to the gallo-romance languages family!!!!!!!!!The language of Liguria, Piedmont, Lombardy, Emilia and Romagna are very very similar to the French language! The Venetian language does not belong to the Gallo-Italic languages, but always part of the Gallo-Romance languages. 220.127.116.11 (talk) 17:01, 2 October 2009 (UTC) 1. 1.1. 1.1.1. As far as I know there is for example a significant difference concerning the number : Franco-provençal and Occitan bording Italy have /s/ plural, that none of the Italian languages knows. I suppose, there are others. Nortmannus (talk) 17:46, 31 December 2010 (UTC). Other thing : there is no proparoxytonein Occitan (exept Niçard, the Nice dialect, influenced by Italian) and in Franco-Provençal, that 's another significant difference with all the Italian dialects. 2. I proceed to add the Gallo-...
In the introductory table there's this map, with the caption: Historical area of development for strict Gallo-Romance. Any source? Aside of the weird poing in Italy, this map is of oïl and arpitan languages, not of all gallo-romance languages, not ever the suppose "historical area of development". Do they really mean Catalan or Occitan derive from those areas???? --18.104.22.168 (talk) 19:24, 5 October 2012 (UTC) 1. As there's no answer, I'll remove the map. --22.214.171.124 (talk) 22:48, 13 October 2012 (UTC) 1. 1.1. First, Catalan and Occitan are not Gallo-Romance (but Occitano-Romance). Second, the point is Faeto and Celle di San Vito, where a Franco-Provençal dialect is spoken. --Florian Blaschke (talk) 21:06, 17 June 2014 (UTC) 1.2. Since none of your objections hold water, I have restored the map. --Florian Blaschke (talk) 22:06, 17 June 2014 (UTC) 1. 1.1. Florian Blaschke - what 'development' of the language occurs or has occurred in Faeto? If you want to get down to it then,...
It is said: 1. Some specialists add Catalan and it is sometimes classified together with Occitan inside an Occitano-Romance subgroup too. Some specialists? Is there any serious specialist who does not classify Catalan as gallo-romance? Is there any serious linguist who separates such twin languages as Catalan and Occitan in two different branches? --126.96.36.199 (talk) 19:28, 5 October 2012 (UTC) 1. As there's been no answer, I've proceeded to do the changes. --188.8.131.52 (talk) 22:42, 20 October 2012 (UTC) 1. I agree. Most linguists consider Gallo-Romance as the ancester of Langue d'oil and Franco-Provençal, no other language. Langue d'oc and Gallo-Italic do not belong to this group. The theories including them are old or fringe theories. But Catalan is together with Occitan, that is to say not Gallo-Romance. Nortmannus (talk) 21:08, 26 November 2013 (UTC) The problem lies in omitting languages altogether. Should Gallo-Italic and Rhaeto-Romance be treated as primary branches of...
Many people say that Norman is a dialect of French, but others say that it is in the same group as French? Which one is it going to be? — Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 17:23, 18 February 2020 (UTC)
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- Countries of Europe
- Linguistic classification
- Celtic, Latin and Germanic roots
- Decline of Gallo
- Gallo and education
Gallo is a regional language of eastern Brittany. It is one of the langues d'oïl, a Romance sub-family that includes French. Today it is spoken only by a minority of the population, as the standard form of French now predominates in this area. Gallo was originally spoken in the Marches of Neustria, an area now corresponding to the border lands between Brittany, Normandy, and Maine. Gallo was a shared spoken language among many of those who took part in the Norman conquest of England, most...
The term gallo is sometimes spelled galo or gallot. It is also referred to as langue gallèse or britto-roman in Brittany. In south Lower Normandy and in the west of Pays de la Loire it is often referred to as patois, though this is a matter of some contention. Gallo comes from the Breton word gall, meaning 'foreigner', 'French' or 'non-Breton'. Gallo was first used by Breton speakers, which explains why it is used very little by Gallo speakers themselves. Henriette Walter conducted a ...
Gallo is one of the langues d'oïl, a dialect continuum covering the northern half of France. This group includes a wide variety of more or less well-defined and differentiated languages and dialects, which share a Latin origin and some Germanic influence from Frankish, the language spoken by the Franks. Gallo, like the other langues d'oïl, is neither ancient French nor a distortion of modern French. The langues d'oïl are Gallo-Romance languages, which also includes Franco-provençal ...
The Celts settled in Armorica toward the 8th century BCE. Some of early groups mentioned in the written records of the Greeks were the Redones and the Namnetes. They spoke dialects of the Gaulish language and maintained important economic ties with the British Isles. Julius Caesar's invasion of Armorica in 56 BC led to a sort of Romanization of the population. Gaulish continued to be spoken in this region until the 6th century CE, especially in less populated, rural areas. When the Bretons emigr
Historically, France has been a nation with a high degree of linguistic diversity matched with relative tolerance, that is until the French Revolution. Gallo's status as a tolerated regional language of France suffered as a direct consequence of the French Revolution. During the revolution, the Jacobins viewed regional languages as a way in which the structural inequalities of France were perpetuated. Accordingly, they sought to eradicate regional languages to free regional language speakers of
Within recent history, the presence of Gallo has fluctuated in Brittany's school system. Shortly before World War II, the Regional Federation of Bretagne introduced the idea of rejuvenating Gallo's presences in schools. They were primarily motivated in increasing the linguistic competence of children. In 1982, Gallo was officially adopted as an optional subject in secondary schools in Brittany, even appearing on France's secondary school-exit exam, the Baccalaureat. It took years for the Gallo l
The Catalan language has standard forms of Catalan and Valencian. Can be classified as East Iberian. The Rhaeto-Romance languages. They include Romansh of Switzerland, Ladin of the Dolomites area, Friulian of Friuli. Rhaeto-Romance languages can be classified as Gallo-Romance, or as an independent branch of the Western Romance languages.
How far the Gallo-Romance languages spread varies a great deal depending on which languages are included in the group. Those included in its narrowest definition (i.e. the Langues d'oïl and Arpitan) were historically spoken in the north of France, parts of Flanders, Alsace, part of Lorraine, the Wallonia region of Belgium, the Channel Islands, parts of Switzerland, and northern Italy.