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Gary Indiana (b. 1950 as Gary Hoisington in Derry, New Hampshire) is an American writer, actor, artist, and cultural critic. He served as the art critic for the Village Voice weekly newspaper from 1985 to 1988.
- Gary Hoisington, 1950 (age 70–71), Derry, New Hampshire, U.S.
- Writer, filmmaker, artist, actor, critic
Gary is a city in the state of Indiana, in the Midwestern United States. Gary is known for its steel mills and for being the birthplace of singer Michael Jackson. The population of Gary is less than 80,000. This is under half what it was in 1960.
- Arts and Culture
Founding and early years
Gary, Indiana, was founded in 1906 by the United States Steel Corporation as the home for its new plant, Gary Works. The city was named after lawyer Elbert Henry Gary, who was the founding chairman of the United States Steel Corporation. Gary was the site of civil unrest in the steel strike of 1919. On October 4, 1919, a riot broke out on Broadway, the main north–south street through downtown Gary, between striking steel workers and strike breakers brought in from outside...
Post-World War II
Gary's fortunes have risen and fallen with those of the steel industry. The growth of the steel industry brought prosperity to the community. Broadway was known as a commercial center for the region. Department stores and architecturally significant movie houses were built in the downtown area and the Glen Park neighborhood. In the 1960s, like many other American urban centers reliant on one particular industry, Gary entered a spiral of decline. Gary's de...
Gary has closed several of its schools within the last ten years. While some of the school buildings have been reused, most remain unused since their closing. As of 2014, Gary is considering closing additional schools in response to budget deficits. Gary chief of police Thomas Houston was convicted of excessive force and abuse of authority in 2008; he died in 2010 while serving a three-year, five-month federal prison sentence. In April 2011, 75-year-old mayor Rudolph M....
Downtown Garyis separated by Broadway into two distinctive communities. Originally, the City of Gary consisted of The East Side, The West Side, The South Side (the area south of the train tracks near 9th Avenue), and Glen Park, located further South along Broadway. The East Side was demarcated by streets named after the States in order of their acceptance into the Union. This area contained mostly wood-frame houses, some of the earliest in the city, and became known in...
Ambridge Mann is a neighborhood located on Gary's near west side along 5th Avenue. Ambridge was developed for workers at the nearby steel plant in the 1910s and 1920s. It is named after the American Bridge Works, which was a subsidiary of U.S. Steel. The neighborhood is home to a huge stock of prairie-style and art deco homes. The Gary Masonic Temple was located in the neighborhood, along with the Ambassador apartment building. Located just south of Interstate 90, th...
Black Oak is located on the far southwest side of Gary, in the vicinity of the Burr Street exit to the Borman Expressway. It was annexed in the 1970s. Prior to that, Black Oak was an unincorporated area informally associated with Hammond, and the area has Hammond telephone numbers. After three referendums, the community voters approved annexation, having been persuaded by Mayor Hatcher that they would benefit more from services provided by the city than fro...
The city is located at the southern end of the former lake bed of the prehistoric Lake Chicago and the current Lake Michigan. Most of the city's soil, to nearly one foot below the surface, is pure sand. The sand beneath Gary, and on its beaches, is of such volume and quality that for over a century companies have mined it, especially for the manufacture of glass. According to the 2010 census, Gary has a total area of 57.18 square miles (148.10 km2), of which 49.87 square miles (129.16 km2) (or 87.22%) is land and 7.31 square miles (18.93 km2) (or 12.78%) is water. Gary is "T" shaped, with its northern border on Lake Michigan. At the northwesternmost section, Gary borders Hammond and East Chicago. Miller Beach, its easternmost neighborhood, borders Lake Station and Portage. Gary's southernmost section borders Griffith, Hobart, Merrillville, and unincorporated Ross. Gary is about 30 miles (48 km) from the Chicago Loop.
The change in the economy and resulting loss of jobs has caused a drop in population by more than half since its peak in 1960.
Arts and film
Meredith Willson's 1957 Broadway musical The Music Man featured the song "Gary, Indiana", in which lead character (and con man) Professor Harold Hill wistfully recalls his purported hometown, then prosperous. Hill claims to be an alumnus of "Gary Conservatory of Music, Class of '05," but this is later revealed to be another of his lies. The City of Gary was not founded until 1906. Willson's musical, set in 1912, was adapted both as a film of the same name released...
Historic places on the National Register
1. St. Augustine's Episcopal Church 2. Ralph Waldo Emerson School 3. Barney Sablotney House 4. Morningside Historic District 5. Theodore Roosevelt High School 6. Polk Street Concrete Cottage Historic District 7. Polk Street Terraces Historic District 8. Van Buren Terrace Historic District 9. West Fifth Avenue Apartments Historic District 10. Miller Town Hall 11. American Sheet and Tin Mill Apartment Building 12. Louis J. Bailey Branch Library-Gary Internatio...
The Gary Public Library System consists of the main library at 220 West 5th Avenue and several branches: Brunswick Branch, W. E. B. DuBois Branch, J. F. Kennedy Branch, Tolleston Branch, and Woodson Branch.In March 2011, the Gary Library Board voted to close the main library on 5th Avenue and the Tolleston branch in what officials said was their best economic option. The main library closed at the end of 2011. The building now houses a museum. Lake County Public Library o...
The following sports franchises are based in Gary: 1. The Gary SouthShore RailCats are an American Association, professional baseball team. The team plays in Gary's U.S. Steel Yard baseball stadium. The RailCats played in the Northern League from 2002 until 2010. They now play in the modern American Association. The team won league championships in 2005, 2007, and 2013. 2. Gary has hosted two professional basketball franchises. The Gary Splash played in the International Basketball League from 2010 to 2013, at the Genesis Convention Center. Previously, the Gary Steelheads played in the Genesis Convention Center as part of the IBL (1999–2001), CBA, USBL, and IBL.
Three school districts serve the city, and multiple charter schools are located within the city.
Gary is served by two major newspapers based outside the city, and by a Gary-based, largely African-American interest paper. These papers provide regional topics, and cover events in Gary. 1. The Post-Tribune, originally the Gary Post-Tribune, is now based in the nearby town of Merrillville. 2. The Times, previously known as the Hammond Times. Offices and facilities for The Times are in nearby Munster. 3. The Gary Crusader, based in Gary and largely focused on African-American inte...
Television and radio
Gary is served by five local broadcasters plus government access and numerous Chicago area radio and TVstations, and by other nearby stations in Illinois and Indiana. 1. WPWR-TV (Channel 50) is the Chicago MyNetworkTV affiliate, but is licensed to Gary. Studios and transmitters are co-located with WFLD's in Chicago, and are also owned by Fox Television Stations. 2. WYIN (Channel 56) is a PBSaffiliate licensed to Gary. Their studios are in Merrillville. 3. WGVE (FM 88.7) is owned b...
1. Gary Community Health Center 2. Methodist Hospital
Gary is served by the Gary Police Department and the Lake County Sheriff.
The Gary Fire Department (GFD) provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the city of Gary.Gary/Chicago International Airport is operating as the "third airport" for the Chicago area. With a new runway, it is undergoing much federally funded expansion, and the administration is courting...Interstate 90 (I-90, Indiana Toll Road), I-80, I-94, and I-65 run through Gary, as well as U.S. Highway 6 (US 6), US 12 and US 20, and State Road 912 (SR 912, Cline Avenue). A former stretch of SR...Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District (NICTD) operates the South Shore Line, a commuter rail system between Chicago and South Bend. It is one of the last original operating interurbanra...
Gary este un oraș în Comitatul Lake, Indiana, Statele Unite.Orașul este în partea de sud-est a zonei metropolitane Chicago la 25 km de centrul orașului Chicago. Se învecinează cu Lacul Michigan și este cunoscut pentru fabricile sale de oțel și ca locul de naștere al familiei de cântăreți Jackson.
- Karen Freeman-Wilson ( D)
- 148.3 km²
- Council-Strong Mayor
- 14 iulie 1906
Union Station in Gary, Indiana was built in 1910, just four years after the city was founded. The station is located between the elevated lines of the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway and Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. It was built in a Beaux-Arts style utilizing the new cast-in-place concrete methods in which, after pouring, the concrete was scored to resemble stone. Indiana Landmarks has placed the building on its 10 Most Endangered Places in Indiana list. The building was listed on the Na
The building faces west on Broadway. Because it sits between two raised rail lines, it is nearly invisible until one is next to it. The only sign still visible inside or outside the building is a painted notice on the front pillar that says “No Parking Cabs Only”. The method of construction has retained its integrity after 50 years of abandonment.
The main room is a two stories hall. At the east end of the hall is a staircase to the loading platform on the upper level. Built into a hill, the building is only a single story in the back. A door on the south side leads from a cobblestone driveway. Across the drive is a staircase built up to track level along the south side. On the north there is a tunnel under the tracks to a stairway up to the loading platform.
Successor stations in the vicinity today are the Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District's Gary Metro Center and its Gary Airport station, both on the South Shore Line. Amtrak's Hammond–Whiting station is to the west in Hammond.
- Decline and closure
- After closure
- As a location
The City Methodist Church, latterly known as City United Methodist Church is a disused church in Gary, Indiana. Once the largest Methodist church in the Midwest, it ceased as a place of worship in 1975 after a relatively brief life of just over 50 years.
A Methodist church had been present in Gary since 1906. In 1916, Dr William Grant Seaman became its pastor. A man of dynamic energy, Seaman envisaged a much larger church to serve the town, wanting to bring a prominent religious presence into what was then a somewhat insalubrious neighbourhood with numerous brothels and drinking establishments. Seaman secured the backing of US Steel, the chief employer in the city. The company donated the site on which the church was to be built, and agreed to d
After Gary declined in the 1960s and 70s, the church's fortunes began to likewise crumble. Predominantly a white middle-class institution, the church lost large numbers of parishioners to white flight as Gary's social makeup altered and better-off inhabitants moved away. Crime rates in the area soared, causing more departures, and maintenance costs were ruinous, owing to the church's huge dimensions and the harsh lakefront climate. By 1973, there were only 320 members in the then-aging congregat
The structure passed into the hands of Indiana University, which continued to use part of Seaman Hall as a satellite campus, but nothing was done with the church itself. By the 1990s, the church was already starting to decay, but was then severely damaged by a fire in 1997, which accelerated the deterioration even further. The church is a popular destination for urban exploration and has even been the location of Goth weddings in recent years.
The complex is still standing, but much is beyond any realistic restoration, and has been placed on Indiana Landmarks' 10 Most Endangered Places in Indiana list. Most of the interior fixtures have been removed by thieves. In 2011, part of the roof of the sanctuary collapsed. In 2014, the city authorities revived an aborted plan from the early 2000s to turn the site into a large park in which the sanctuary would be the centrepiece, and to demolish the rest of the complex.
The church has been used many times as a film location, including for Soul Survivors, A Nightmare on Elm Street, Transformers: Dark of the Moon and parts of Pearl Harbor and Sense8. The series Life After People included the church in its exploration of Gary from Season 1, Episode 2.
- 5 October 1975
The Ammons haunting case, also known as the 200 Demons House or Demon House, is an alleged haunting and demonic possession which occurred in Gary, Indiana, in the United States in 2011. Latoya Ammons, her mother, Rosa Campbell, and her three children claimed paranormal activity occurred in the residence.