" Hwanghae Province " or " Hwanghae-do " (Korean pronunciation: [hwaŋ.hɛ.do]) is, according to South Korean law, a province of the Republic of Korea, as the South Korean government formally claims to be the legitimate government of whole of Korea. The area constituting the province is under the de facto jurisdiction of North Korea.
- Administrative divisions
South Hwanghae Province is a province in western North Korea. The province was formed in 1954 when the former Hwanghae Province was split into North and South Hwanghae. The provincial capital is Haeju.
The province is part of the Haeso region, and is bounded on the west by the Yellow Sea, on the north and east by North Hwanghae province. There are some administrative exclaves of Nampo City in the north of the province. The southern border of the province is marked by the Korean Demilitarized Zone with South Korea. The province draws its name from what were the largest cities in Hwanghae, Haeju and Hwangju; the name, which literally means "Yellow Sea" in Korean, also references the Yellow Sea,
South Hwanghae is divided into 1 city and 19 counties. These are further divided into villages in rural areas and dong in cities, which are detailed on each county's individual page.
- Administrative divisions
North Hwanghae Province is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1954 when the former Hwanghae Province was split into North and South Hwanghae. The provincial capital is Sariwon. The province is bordered by Pyongyang and South Pyongan to the north, Kangwon to the east, Kaesong Industrial Region and South Korea's Gyeonggi Province to the south, and South Hwanghae southwest. In 2003, Kaesong Directly Governed City became part of North Hwanghae. Later on in 2019, it was promoted as
North Hwanghae is divided into 2 cities and 18 counties. Three of these counties were added to the province in 2010 after being split from Pyongyang.However, Kangnam was returned to Pyongyang in 2011.
North Hwanghae is connected to the rest of the country by way of the Pyongbu Railway Line, which, in theory, runs from Pyongyang to Pusan; however, in reality, the line is cut short by the Korean Demilitarized Zone. It is also served by several large highways, most notably the Pyongyang-Kaesong Motorway.
There are several higher-level educational institutions in North Hwanghae, all government-run. These include the Kye Ung Sang Sariwon University of Agriculture, the Sariwon University of Geology, and the Sariwon Teachers University.
North Hwanghae has many historical relics as the site of the Koryo-dynasty capital at Kaesong, a depository for many famous historic relics. The province is also home to the tombs of many of the Koryo monarchs, the most famous being the tombs of kings Taejo and Kongmin, though ot
Hwanghae dialect is a dialect of Korean spoken in North Hwanghae Province, South Hwanghae Province in North Korea, as well as the islands of Baengnyeongdo, Yeonpyeongdo and Daecheongdo in Ongjin County in South Korea. It may also be spoken among former Korean War refugees in cities such as Incheon and Kimpo.
In the Hwanghae dialect there is are nine vowels. Like the neighboring Pyongan dialect, the sound of 어 and 으 sounds closer to the 오 and 우. The medieval Korean vowel of ㆎ, as well as 의 is often pronounced as 에. Difference in phonology is visible between northern areas, which contains influence from the Pyongan dialect and southern regions, which contains some influence from the Gyeonggi dialect.
Like the neighboring Pyongan dialect, and the nonstandard speech of Northwestern Gyeonggi, the suffix '겠, indicating or will, is often pronounced as 갔 or 갓. When making statements, it is common for speakers of the Hwanghae dialect to use the suffixes ‘-시다, -쉬다, -쉐다 ’ and ‘-외다 '. Meanwhile the formal interrogative suffix '습니까 ', is commonly changed to ‘-시꺄 ', '시까 ' -쉬꺄 ’ ‘-시니꺄 ?’ ‘-오리꺄’ and ‘-ㄹ납니꺄 ’, this ...
Much of the vocabulary of the Hwanghae dialect, including family titles and culinary terms is shared by either the Gyeonggi or Pyeongan dialect, some examples of dialectal words found in Hwanghae include: 고매하다, 톰빨리, 멱자귀 and 면들레.
Hwanghae Line (黄海線, Kōkai-sen) was the name given by the privately owned Chōsen Railway of colonial Korea to its network of railway lines in Hwanghae Province. The name encompassed the mainline from Sariwon to Haeju, along with several connecting branch lines.
- 762 mm (2 ft 6 in)
- Divided in 1944
- Chōsen Railway
On 20 May 1919, the Mitsubishi Ironworks opened the Sanghae (later called Samgang)—Sŏktan—Hwasan—Naet'o railway line as a 762 mm (30.0 in) narrow-gauge line for use as a private industrial railway, and on 21 April of the following year it was taken over by the West Chosen Development Railway. The West Chosen Development Railway merged with five other railway companies on 1 April 1923 to form the Chosen Railway (abbreviated Chōtetsu), which took over all lines and operations of its predecessors. Chōtetsu then grouped the Sanghae—Naet'o line together with the Sariwŏn—Sanghae—Sinch'ŏn it had inherited from the West Chosen Development Railway, collectively calling them the Hwanghae Line. Chōtetsu subsequently expanded the Hwanghae Line network significantly, with the first expansion being the 8.0 km (5.0 mi) addition to extend the line from Sŏktan to Miryŏk, opening the new track on 1 September 1924. A year to the day later Chōtetsu opened the 15.2 km (9.4 mi) Miryŏk—Sinwŏn—Hasŏng line,...
Freight traffic is made up primarily of fuel and raw materials needed in Haeju and other parts of South Hwanghae Province, along with freight for export via Haeju Port. The main bulk commodities shipped in the southbound direction are anthracite, limestone and cement. Anthracite is an important commodity on the line due to the lack of coal resources in South Hwanghae Province. Limestone is also an important commodity, shipped from the quarries at Sinwŏn to the Haeju Cement Factory. Cement is a major southbound commodity on the line due to the exports of cement produced at the 2.8 Cement Complex on the Pongsan Linevia Haeju Port. Other freight in the southbound direction include fertiliser, agricultural equipment and daily necessities. Grains and salt make up a large portion of northbound traffic. Between Haeju and Changbang 16% of freight is anthracite, destined for points on the Paech'ŏn Line for use as fuel. Between Ŭnp'a and Sariwŏn, 31% of northbound freight is iron ore from the...
A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is non-electrified standard gauge, a white background indicates electrified standard gauge, and an orange background indicates non-electrified narrow gauge. Prior to 1945, the Sariwŏn – Hasŏng section (standard gauge) was called the Hwanghae Main Line; the narrow gauge section from Sinwŏn to Haeju was part of the Sahae Linefrom Sariwŏn via Samgang.
- 91.4 km (56.8 mi)
- Stages between 1919−1944
Hwanghae (황해) is a region of North Korea. It is administratively split into north and south parts.
Hwanghae Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas Hwanghae adalah salah satu dari Delapan Provinsi Korea pada zaman Dinasti Joseon, dan satu dari tiga belas provinsi Korea di zaman kolonial Jepang. Hwanghae berlokasi di barat laut Korea, beribu kota di Haeju.