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  1. Iranian architecture - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Iranian_architecture

    Iranian architecture or Persian architecture (Persian: معمارى ایرانی, Memāri e Irāni) is the architecture of Iran and parts of the rest of West Asia, the Caucasus and Central Asia. Its history dates back to at least 5,000 BC with characteristic examples distributed over a vast area from Turkey and Iraq to Uzbekistan and Tajikistan ...

  2. Traditional Persian residential architecture - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Traditional_Persian

    Traditional Persian residential architecture is the architecture employed by builders and craftsmen in the cultural Greater Iran and the surrounding regions to construct vernacular houses. The art draws from various cultures and elements from both Islamic and pre-Islamic times.

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    Which is the best description of Iranian architecture?

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  4. Persian architecture - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Persian_architecture

    From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Persian architecture or Iranian architecture is the name of the Architecture style of Iran from the Pre-Islamic period until the Islamic period of today. this type of architecture style including also the Persian Garden style.

  5. Isfahani style - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Isfahani_style_(Iranian

    The "Esfahani" or "Isfahani style" (شیوه معماری اصفهانی) is a style of architecture (sabk) when categorizing Iranian architecture development in history.. Landmarks of this style span through the Safavid, Afsharid, Zand, and Qajar dynasties starting from the 16th century to the early 20th centu

  6. Talk:Iranian architecture - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Talk:Iranian_architecture

    This article should rename as architecture in Iran like Architecture in France. it refers to the architectural style witch find in Iran . iranian architecture don't refers to an architectural style and some buldings like Lotus Temple should clean from it.Farvartish 09:13, 22 April 2012 (UTC) Shahyad (Azadi) Monument

  7. Template:Iranian architecture - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Template:Iranian_Architecture

    |state=expanded: {{Iranian architecture|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible |state=autocollapse : {{Iranian architecture|state=autocollapse}} shows the template collapsed to the title bar if there is a {{ navbar }} , a {{ sidebar }} , or some other table on the page with the collapsible attribute

  8. Culture of Iran - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Iranian_art_and_architecture
    • Art
    • Religion in Iran
    • Holidays in Iran
    • Wedding Ceremonies
    • Persian Rugs
    • Modern Culture
    • Sports
    • Women in Persian Culture
    • Traditional Holidays/Celebrations
    • Traditional Cultural Inheritors of The Old Persia

    Iran has one of the oldest, richest and most influential art heritages in the world which encompasses many disciplines including literature, music, dance, architecture, painting, weaving, pottery, calligraphy, metalworking and stonemasonry. Iranian art has gone through numerous phases, which is evident from the unique aesthetics of Iran. From the Elamite Chogha Zanbil to the Median and Achaemenid reliefs of Persepolis to the mosaics of Bishapur. The Islamic Golden Agebrought drastic changes to the styles and practice of the arts. However, each Iranian dynasty had its own particular foci, building upon the previous dynasty's, all of which during their times were heavily influential in shaping the cultures of the world then and today.

    Zoroastrianism was the national faith of Iran for more than a millennium before the Arab conquest. It has had an immense influence on Iranian philosophy, culture and art after the people of Iran converted to Islam. Today of the 98% of Muslims living in Iran, around 89% are Shi'a and only around 9% are Sunni. This is quite the opposite trend of the percentage distribution of Shi'a to Sunni Islam followers in the rest of the Muslim population from state to state (primarily in the Middle East) and throughout the rest of the world. Followers of the Baháʼí Faith form the largest non-Muslim minority in Iran. Baháʼís are scattered throughout small communities in Iran, although there seems to be a large population of Baháʼís in Tehran. The Iranian government actively pursues the persecution of Baháʼís. Followers of the Christian faith consist of around 250,000 Armenians, around 32,000 Assyrians, and a small number of Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Protestant Iranians that have been converted...

    The Persian year begins in the vernal equinox: if the astronomical vernal equinox comes before noon, then the present day is the first day of the Persian year. If the equinox falls after noon, then the next day is the official first day of the Persian year. The Persian Calendar, which is the official calendar of Iran, is a solar calendar with a starting point that is the same as the Islamic calendar. According to the Iran Labor Code, Friday is the weekly day of rest. Government official working hours are from Saturday to Wednesday (from 8 am to 4 pm). Although the date of certain holidays in Iran are not exact (due to the calendar system they use, most of these holidays are around the same time), some of the major public holidays in Iran include Oil Nationalization Day (20 March). Yalda (which is the longest night of the year) (December 21), Nowrooz—which is the Iranian equivalent of New Years (20 March), the Prophet's Birthday and Imam Sadeq (4 June), and the Death of Imam Khomeini...

    There are two stages in a typical wedding ritual in Iran. Usually, both phases take place in one day. The first stage is known as "Aghd", which is basically the legal component of marriage in Iran. In this process, the bride and groom, as well as their respective guardians, sign a marriage contract. This phase usually takes place in the bride's home. After this legal process is over, the second phase, "Jashn-e Aroosi" takes place. In this step, which is basically the wedding reception, where actual feasts and celebrations are held, typically lasts from about 3–7 days. The ceremony takes place in a decorated room with flowers and a beautifully decorated spread on the floor. This spread is typically passed down from mother to daughter and is composed of very nice fabric such as "Termeh" (cashmere), "Atlas" (gold embroidered satin), or "Abrisham" (silk). Items are placed on this spread: a Mirror (of fate), two Candelabras (representing the bride and groom and their bright future), a tr...

    In Iran, Persian rugshave always been a vital part of the Persian culture. Iranians were some of the first people in history to weave carpets. First deriving from the notion of basic need, the Persian rug started out as a simple/pure weave of fabric that helped nomadic people living in ancient Iran stay warm from the cold, damp ground. As time progressed, the complexity and beauty of rugs increased to a point where rugs are now bought as decorative pieces.Because of the long history of fine silk and wool rug weaving in Iran, Persian rugs are world-renowned as some of the most beautiful, intricately designed rugs available. Around various places in Iran, rugs seem to be some of the most prized possessions of the local people. Iran currently produces more rugs and carpets than all other countries in the world put together.

    Cinema

    With 300 international awards in the past 10 years, Iranian films continue to be celebrated worldwide. The best known Persian directors are Abbas Kiarostami, Majid Majidi, Jafar Panahi and Asghar Farhadi.

    Contemporary art

    There is a resurgence of interest in Iranian contemporary artists and in artists from the larger Iranian diaspora. Key notables include Shirin Aliabadi, Mohammed Ehsai, Ramin Haerizadeh, Rokni Haerizadeh, Golnaz Fathi, Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, Parastou Forouhar, Pouran Jinchi, Farhad Moshiri, Shirin Neshat, Parviz Tanavoli, Y. Z. Kami, and Charles Hossein Zenderoudi.

    Cuisine

    Cuisine in Iran is considered to be one of the most ancient forms of cuisine around the world. Bread is arguably the most important food in Iran, with a large variety of different bread, some of the most popular of which include: nan and hamir, which are baked in large clay ovens (also called "tenurs"). In Iranian cuisine, there are many dishes that are made from dairy products. One of the most popular of which includes yoghurt ("mast")—which has a specific fermentation process that is widely...

    The game of Polooriginated with Iranian tribes in ancient times and was regularly seen throughout the country until the revolution of 1979 where it became associated with the monarchy. It continues...
    The Iranian Zoor Khaneh

    Since the 1979 Revolution, Iranian women have had more opportunities in some areas and more restrictions in others. One of the striking features of the Revolution was the large scale participation of women from traditional backgrounds in demonstrations leading up to the overthrow of the monarchy. The Iranian women who had gained confidence and higher education during the Pahlavi era participated in demonstrations against the Shah to topple the monarchy. The culture of education for women was established by the time of revolution so that even after the revolution, large numbers of women entered civil service and higher education, and in 1996 fourteen women were elected to the Islamic Consultative Assembly. In 2003, Iran's first woman judge during the Pahlavi era, Shirin Ebadi, won the Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts in promoting human rights. According to a UNESCO world survey, at the primary level of enrollment Iran has the highest female to male ratio in the world among sovereign...

    Iranians celebrate the following days based on a solar calendar, in addition to important religious days of Islamic and Shia calendars, which are based on a lunarcalendar. 1. Nowruz(Iranian New Year) - Starts from 21 March 2. Sizdah be dar(Nature Day) 3. Jashn-e-Tirgan(Water Festival) 4. Jashn-e-Sadeh(Fire Festival) 5. Jashn-e-Mehregan(Autumn Festival) 6. Shab-e-Yalda(Winter Feast) 7. Charshanbeh Suri

    Like the Persian carpet that exhibits numerous colors and forms in a dazzling display of warmth and creativity, Persian culture is the glue that bonds the peoples of western and central Asia. The South Caucasus and Central Asia "occupy an important place in the historical geography of Persian civilization." Much of the region was included in the Pre-Islamic Persian empires, and many of its ancient peoples either belonged to the Iranian branch of the Indo-European peoples (e.g. Medes and Soghdians), or were in close cultural contact with them (e.g. the Armenians). In the words of Iranologist Richard Nelson Frye: 1. Many times I have emphasized that the present peoples of central Asia, whether Iranian or Turkic speaking, have one culture, one religion, one set of social values and traditions with only language separating them. The Culture of Persia has thus developed over several thousand years. But historically, the peoples of what are now Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Uzbekista...

  9. Iranian architecture wiki | TheReaderWiki

    thereaderwiki.com › en › Iranian_architecture
    • Fundamental Principles
    • City Design
    • Pre-Islamic Architecture of Persia
    • Islamic Architecture of Persia
    • Persian Domes
    • Contemporary Iranian Architecture in and Outside Iran
    • Future Architecture in Iran
    • Architectural Style in Iranian Azerbaijan
    • UNESCO Designated World Heritage Sites
    • Awards

    Traditional Persian architecture has maintained a continuity that, although temporarily distracted by internal political conflicts or foreign invasion, nonetheless has achieved an unmistakable style. In this architecture, "there are no trivial buildings; even garden pavilions have nobility and dignity, and the humblest caravanseraisgenerally have charm. In expressiveness and communicativity, most Persian buildings are lucid, even eloquent. The combination of intensity and simplicity of form provides immediacy, while ornament and, often, subtle proportions reward sustained observation."

    The circular city planning was a characteristic of several major Parthian and Sasanian cities, such as Hatra and Gor (Firuzabad). Another city design was based on a square geometry, found in the Eastern Iranian cities such as Bam and Zaranj.

    The pre-Islamic styles draw on 3000 to 4000 years of architectural development from various civilizations of the Iranian plateau. The post-Islamic architecture of Iran in turn, draws ideas from its pre-Islamic predecessor, and has geometrical and repetitive forms, as well as surfaces that are richly decorated with glazed tiles, carved stucco, patterned brickwork, floral motifs, and calligraphy. Iran is recognized by UNESCO as being one of the cradles of civilization. Each of the periods of Elamites, Achaemenids, Parthians and Sassanids were creators of great architecture that, over the ages, spread far and wide far to other cultures. Although Iran has suffered its share of destruction, including Alexander The Great's decision to burn Persepolis, there are sufficient remains to form a picture of its classical architecture. The Achaemenids built on a grand scale. The artists and materials they used were brought in from practically all territories of what was then the largest state in...

    The fall of the Sassanian dynasty to the invading Muslim Arabs led to the adaptation of Persian architectural forms for Islamic religious buildings in Iran. Arts such as calligraphy, stucco work, mirror work and mosaics became closely tied with the architecture of mosques in Persia (Iran). An example is the round-domed rooftops which originate in the Parthian (Ashkanid)dynasty of Iran. Archaeological excavations have provided extensive evidence supporting the impact of Sassanid architecture on the architecture of the Islamic world at large. The Razi style (شیوه معماری رازی) is a term for the used between the 11th century and the Mongol conquest of Iran, reflecting influences from Samanid, Ghaznavid, and Seljuk architecture. Examples of the style include the Tomb of Isma'il of Samanid, Gonbad-e Qabus, the older parts of the Jameh Mosque of Isfahan and the Kharaqan towers. Many experts believe the period of Persian architecture from the 15th through 17th centuries CE to be the pinnacl...

    The Sassanid Empire initiated the construction of the first large-scale domes in Persia (Iran), with such royal buildings as the Palace of Ardashir and Dezh Dokhtar. After the Muslim conquest of the Sassanid Empire, the Persian architectural style became a major influence on Islamic societies and the dome also became a feature of Muslim architecture (see gonbad). The Il-Khanate period provided several innovations to dome-building that eventually enabled the Persians to construct much taller structures. These changes later paved the way for Safavid architecture. The pinnacle of Il-Khanate architecture was reached with the construction of the Soltaniyeh Dome (1302–1312) in Zanjan, Iran, which measures 50 m in height and 25 m in diameter, making it the 3rd largest and the tallest masonry dome ever erected.The thin, double-shelled dome was reinforced by arches between the layers. The renaissance in Persian mosque and dome building came during the Safavid dynasty, when Shah Abbas, in 159...

    Contemporary architecture in Iran begins with the advent of the first Pahlavi period in the early 1920s. Some designers, such as Andre Godard, created works such as the National Museum of Iran that were reminiscent of Iran's historical architectural heritage. Others made an effort to merge the traditional elements with modern designs in their works. The Tehran University main campus is one such example. Others, such as Heydar Ghiai and Houshang Seyhoun, have tried to create completely original works, independent of prior influences. Dariush Borbor's architecture successfully combined modern architecture with local vernacular. Borj-e Milad(or Milad Tower) is the tallest tower in Iran and is the fourth tallest tower in the world.

    Major construction projects are underway all around Iran. Iran is developing Isfahan City Center, which is the largest mall in Iran and the largest mall with a museum in the world. It includes a hotel, indoor amusement park, and food court, among other amenities. The Flower of the East Development Project is another grand project on Kish Island in the Persian Gulf. The project, includes one '7-star' and two '5-star' hotels, three residential areas, villas and apartment complexes, coffee shops, luxury showrooms and stores, sports facilities and a marina.

    The "Azerbaijani style" or "Azeri style" (Persian: شیوهٔ معماری آذری‎) is a style (sabk) of Iranian architecture developed in Iran's historic Azerbaijanregion. Landmarks of this style of architecture span from the late 13th century (Ilkhanate) to the appearance of the Safavid Dynasty in the 16th century CE. Chronologically the Azeri style is the fifth of the six historic styles of Iranian architecture, between the Razi style (from the 11th century to the Mongol invasion period) and the later Isfahani style. Examples of this style are Dome of Soltaniyeh, Arg e Tabriz and Jameh Mosque of Urmia.

    The following is a list of World Heritage Sites designed or constructed by Iranians, or designed and constructed in the style of Iranian architecture: 1. Inside Iran: 1.1. Arg-é Bam Cultural Landscape, Kerman 1.2. Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan 1.3. Damavand, Mazandaran 1.4. Pasargadae, Fars 1.5. Persepolis, Fars 1.6. Tchogha Zanbil, Khuzestan 1.7. Takht-e Soleyman, West Azerbaijan 1.8. Dome of Soltaniyeh, Zanjan 1.9. Behistun Inscription 2. Outside Iran: 2.1. Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi, Kazakhstan 2.2. Historic Centre of Baku 2.3. Historic Centre of Ganja 2.4. Historic Centre of Bukhara 2.5. Historic Centre of Shahrisabz 2.6. Itchan Kala of Khiva 2.7. Samarkand- Crossroads of Cultures 2.8. Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent, Daghestan 2.9. Baha'i Gardens 2.10. Bibi-Heybat Mosque, Azerbaijan 2.11. Tuba Shahi Mosque, Azerbaijan 2.12. Palace of Shaki Khans, Sheki, Azerbaijan

    Several Iranian architects have managed to win the prestigious A’ Design Award 2018 in an unprecedented number of sections.
    Mirmiran Architecture Award http://www.mirmiran-arch.org/
  10. Achaemenid Empire - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Achaemenid_Empire

    Achaemenid architecture includes large cities, temples, palaces, and mausoleums such as the tomb of Cyrus the Great. The quintessential feature of Persian architecture was its eclectic nature with elements of Median, Assyrian, and Asiatic Greek all incorporated, yet maintaining a unique Persian identity seen in the finished products.

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