Jack L. Warner. Jack Leonard Warner (born Jacob Warner; August 2, 1892 – September 9, 1978) was an American film executive, born in Canada, who was the president and driving force behind the Warner Bros. Studios in Burbank, California. Warner's career spanned some 45 years, its duration surpassing that of any other of the seminal Hollywood ...
- Early Years
- Professional Career
- Personal Life
- Political Views
- Death and Legacy
Jacob Warner (as he was named at birth) was born in London, Ontario, in 1892. His parents were Jewish immigrants from Poland who spoke mainly Yiddish. Jack was the fifth surviving son of Benjamin Warner a cobbler from Krasnosielc, Poland (then located in the "Russian" part of Poland known as Congress Kingdom), and his wife, the former Pearl Leah Eichelbaum. Following their marriage in 1876, the couple had three children in Poland, one of whom died at a young age.One of the surviving children was Jack's eldest brother, Hirsch (later Harry). The Warner family had occupied a "hostile world" where the "night-riding of cossacks, the burning of houses, and the raping of women (during pogroms) were part of life's burden for the Jews of the 'shtetl'". In 1888, in search of a better future for his family and himself, Benjamin made his way to Hamburg, Germany, and then took a ship to America. The Warner surname was perhaps originally "Wonsal" o...
Early business ventures
In Youngstown, the Warner brothers took their first tentative steps into the entertainment industry. In the early 20th century, Sam Warner formed a business partnership with another local resident and "took over" the city's Old Grand Opera House, which he used as a venue for "cheap vaudeville and photoplays". The venture failed after one summer. Sam Warner then secured a job as a projectionist at Idora Park, a local amusement park. He convinced the family of the new m...
Formation of Warner Bros.
The Warner brothers pooled their resources and moved into film production in 1910. Then, in 1912, they lent their support to filmmaker Carl Laemmle's Independent Motion Picture Company, which challenged the monopolistic control of the Edison Trust. That same year, Jack Warner acquired a job as a film splicer in New York, where he assisted brother Sam with the production of the film Dante's Inferno. Despite the film's success at the box office, Harry Warner remained...
The studio emerged relatively unscathed from the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and produced a broad range of films, including "backstage musicals," "crusading biopics," "swashbucklers," and "women's pictures." As Thomas Schatz observed, this repertoire was "a means of stabilizing marketing and sales, of bringing efficiency and economy into the production of some fifty feature films per year, and of distinguishing Warners' collective output from that of its comp...
On October 14, 1914, Warner married Irma Claire Salomon, the daughter of Sam Salomon and Bertha Franklin Salomon from one of San Francisco's pioneer Jewish families. Irma Warner gave birth to the couple's only child, Jack M. Warner, on March 27, 1916. Jack Warner named the child after himself, disregarding an Eastern European Jewish custom that children should not be named after living relatives. Although his son bore a different middle initial, he "has been called Junior all his life". The marriage ended in 1935, when Warner left his wife for another woman, Ann Page. Warner and Ann had a daughter named Barbara. Irma Warner sued her husband for divorce on the grounds of desertion. Jack's older brother, Harry, reflected the Warner family feelings about the marriage when he exclaimed, "Thank God our mother didn't live to see this". Warner married Ann after the divorce. The Warners, who took Irma's side in the affair, refused to accept A...
An "ardent Republican", Jack Warner nevertheless supported President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal in the early 1930s. Later in the decade, he made common cause with opponents of Nazi Germany, overlooking ideological differences with those who held leftist political views. In 1947, however, Warner served as a "friendly witness" for the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), thereby lending support to allegations of a "Red" infiltration of Hollywood. Warner felt that Communists were responsible for the studio's month-long strike that occurred in the fall of 1946, and on his own initiative, he provided the names of a dozen screenwriters who were dismissed because of suspected Communist sympathies, a move that effectively destroyed their careers. Former studio employees named by Warner included Alvah Bessie, Howard Koch, Ring Lardner Jr., John Howard Lawson, Albert Maltz, Robert Rossen, Dalton T...
By the end of 1973, those closest to Warner became aware of signs that he was becoming disoriented. Shortly after losing his way in the building that housed his office, Warner retired. In 1974, Warner suffered a stroke that left him blind and enfeebled. During the next several years, he gradually lost the ability to speak, and became unresponsive to friends and relatives. Finally, on August 13, 1978, Warner was admitted to Cedars-Sinai Hospital, where he died of a heart inflammation (edema) on September 9. He was 86 years old. A funeral service was held at the Wilshire Boulevard Temple, the synagogue to which many members of the Warner family belonged. He was interred at Home of Peace Cemetery in East Los Angeles, California. Jack Warner left behind an estate estimated at $15 million. Much of the Warner estate, including property and memorabilia, was bequeathed to his widow, Ann. Warner, however, left $200,000 to his estran...Behlmer, Rudy (1985). Inside Warner Bros. (1935–1951). New York: Viking Press. ISBN 0-670-80478-9Buhle, Paul; Wagner, Dave (2002). Radical Hollywood: The Untold Story Behind America's Favorite Movies. New York: The New Press. ISBN 1-56584-718-0Ceplair, Larry; Englund, Steven (1980). The Inquisition in Hollywood: Politics in the Film Community, 1930–1960. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/ Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-12900-9Corey, Melinda; Ochoa, George (2002). The American Film Institute Desk Reference. New York: Dorling Kindersley Publishing. ISBN 0-7894-8934-1
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Jack L. Warner (1892–1978), head of Warner Bros. studio Jack M. Warner (1916–1995), American film producer Jack Warner (actor) (1895–1981), British film and television actor
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jack L. Warner is a featured article; it (or a previous version of it) has been identified as one of the best articles produced by the Wikipedia community. Even so, if you can update or improve it, please do so. This article appeared on Wikipedia's Main Page as Today's featured article on July 28, 2011.
Jack L. Warner De la Wikipedia, enciclopedia liberă Jack Leonard " J. L. " Warner (n. 2 august 1892, London, Ontario – d. 9 septembrie 1978) a fost un producător american de filme care a înființat și condus alături de frații săi studiourile Warner Bros. din Burbank, California.
- Early life
- Personal life and death
Jack Warner, OBE was a British film and television actor. He is closely associated with the role of PC George Dixon, which he played in the 1950 film The Blue Lamp and later in the television series Dixon of Dock Green from 1955 until 1976, but he was also for some years one of Great Britain's most popular film stars.
Warner was born Horace John Waters in Bromley, Poplar, London, the third child of Edward William Waters, master fulling maker and undertaker's warehouseman, and Maud Mary Best. His sisters Elsie and Doris Waters were well-known comediennes, who usually performed as "Gert and Daisy". Warner attended the Coopers' Company's Grammar School for Boys in Mile End, while his sisters both attended the nearby sister school, Coborn School for Girls in Bow. The three children were choristers at St. Leonard'
Warner first made his name in music hall and radio. By the early years of the Second World War he was nationally known and starred in a BBC radio comedy show, Garrison Theatre, invariably opening with "A Monologue Entitled...".
Warner married Muriel Winifred Peters, a company secretary, in 1933. They had no children. Warner was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1965. In 1973, he was made a Freeman of the City of London. Warner commented in his autobiography that the honour "entitles me to a set of 18th century rules for the conduct of life urging me to be sober and temperate". Warner added, "Not too difficult with Dixon to keep an eye on me!" He died, aged 85, of pneumonia in the Royal Masonic
For a number of years, British film exhibitors voted him among the top ten British stars at the box office via an annual poll in the Motion Picture Herald. 1. 1948 – 7th-most popular British star 2. 1949 – 10th-most popular British star 3. 1950 – 3rd 4. 1952 – 8th ...
Jack Leonard Warner (born Jacob Warner; August 2, 1892 – September 9, 1978) was a Canadian-American film executive who was the president and driving force behind the Warner Bros. Studios in Burbank, California. Warner's career spanned some 45 years, its duration surpassing that of any other of the seminal Hollywood studio moguls.
- Life and Career
- Personal Life
- External Links
Warner was born Horace John Waters. in Bromley, Poplar, London, the third child of Edward William Waters, master fulling maker and undertaker's warehouseman, and Maud Mary Best. His sisters Elsie and Doris Waters were well-known comedians who usually performed as "Gert and Daisy". Warner attended the Coopers' Company's Grammar School for Boys in Mile End, while his sisters both attended the nearby sister school, Coborn School for Girls in Bow. The three children were choristers at St. Leonard...
Warner first made his name in music hall and radio. By the early years of the Second World War, he was nationally known and starred in a BBC radio comedy show Garrison Theatre, invariably opening with, "A Monologue Entitled...". Warner's first film was The Dummy Talks(1943), in which he had the lead role. He had a support role in The Captive Heart (1946), a successful film. Also popular was Hue and Cry (1947) and Dear Murderer(1947).
Warner first really made his mark as a movie star as the patriarch of the Hugget family in Holiday Camp (1947) which was a big hit. He played a policeman in It Always Rains on Sunday (1947) another popular movie and was another family man in the comedy Easy Money(1948). He was in a war film Against the Wind (1948) and starred in a thriller My Brother's Keeper (1948). The Huggett family had been so well received in Holiday Camp that Gainsborough decided to give them their own series, so Warner...
Warner married Muriel Winifred (Mollie) Peters, a company secretary, in 1933. They had no children. Warner was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1965.In 1973, he was made a Freeman of the City of London. Warner commented in his autobiography that the honour "entitles me to a set of 18th century rules for the conduct of life urging me to be sober and temperate". Warner added, "Not too difficult with Dixon to keep an eye on me!" He died of pneumonia in London in 1981, aged 85. The characterisation by Warner of Dixon was held in such high regard that officers from Paddington Green Police Stationbore the coffin at his funeral. Warner is buried in East London Cemetery.
Box office ranking
For a number of years, British film exhibitors voted him among the top ten local stars at the box office via an annual poll in the Motion Picture Herald. 1. 1948 – 7th most popular British star 2. 1949 – 10th most popular British star 3. 1950 – 3rd (5th most popular overall) 4. 1952 – 8th most popular British star 5. 1953 – 7th most popular British starSydney-Smith, Susan (2002). Beyond Dixon of Dock Green: Early British Police Series. London: I. B. Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-790-1Warner, Jack (1975). Jack of All Trades: The Autobiography of Jack Warner. London: W.H. Allen. ISBN 0-491-01952-1