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  1. Latin Wikipedia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Latin_Wikipedia

    The Latin Wikipedia (Latin: Vicipaedia Latina) is the Latin language edition of Wikipedia, created in May 2002.As of June 2021, it has about 135,000 articles.While all primary content is in Latin, modern languages such as English, Italian, French, German or Spanish are often used in discussions, since many users (usores) find this easier.

  2. Latin - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Latin

    Latin (latīnum, [laˈt̪iːnʊ̃] or lingua latīna, [ˈlɪŋɡʷa laˈt̪iːna]) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium.

  3. Latim – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre

    pt.wikipedia.org › wiki › Latim
    • Diacronia
    • Características
    • Legado
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    • Ligações Externas

    O latim inclui-se entre as línguas itálicas, e seu alfabeto baseia-se no alfabeto itálico antigo, derivado do alfabeto grego. No século IX ou VIII a.C., o latim foi trazido para a península Itálica pelos migrantes latinos, que se fixaram numa região que recebeu o nome de Lácio, situada ao longo do rio Tibre, onde a civilização romana viria a desenvolver-se. Naqueles primeiros anos, o latim sofreu a influência da língua etrusca, proveniente do norte da península e que não era uma língua indo-europeia. A importância do latim na península Itálica firmou-se gradativamente. A princípio, era apenas a língua de Roma, uma pequena cidade circundada por vários centros menores (Lanúvio, Preneste, Tívoli), nos quais se falavam dialetos latinos ou afins ao latim (o falisco, língua da antiga cidade de Falérios). Já a poucos quilômetros de Roma, eram faladas línguas muito diversas: o etrusco e sobretudo línguas do grupo indo-europeu — o umbro, no norte, e o osco, na porção mais ao sul, até a atual...

    O latim é uma língua flexiva. No caso dos substantivos e adjetivos a flexão é denominada declinação; no caso dos verbos, conjugação. No latim clássico cada substantivo ou adjetivo pode tomar seis formas ou casos: 1. Caso nominativo (sujeito e predicativo do sujeito); 2. Caso vocativo (vocativo); 3. Caso acusativo (objeto direto); 4. Caso dativo (objeto indireto); 5. Caso genitivo(indicando posse ou especificação); 6. Caso ablativo(complementos circunstanciais). Também existem resquícios de um sétimo caso de origem indo-europeia, o locativo, que indica localização (por exemplo: domī, "em casa"), no entanto, este é limitado a palavras específicas. Outra característica distintiva do latim é o uso de formas simples para expressar a voz passiva dos verbos, além de uma forma verbo-nominal muito frequente chamada de supino. Ambas formas se perderam nas línguas românicas.

    A expansão do Império Romano espalhou o latim por toda a Europa e o latim vulgar terminou por dialetar-se, com base no lugar em que se encontrava o falante. O latim vulgar evoluiu gradualmente de modo a tornar-se cada uma das distintas línguas românicas, um processo que continuou pelo menos até o século IX. Tais idiomas mantiveram-se por muitos séculos como línguas orais, apenas, pois o latim ainda era usado para escrever. Por exemplo, o latim foi a língua oficial de Portugal até 1296, quando foi substituído pelo português. Estas línguas derivadas, como o italiano, o francês, o espanhol, o português, o catalão e o romeno, floresceram e afastaram-se umas das outras com o tempo. Dentre as línguas românicas, o italiano é a que mais conserva o latim em seu léxico,[17] enquanto que o sardo é o que mais preserva a fonologia latina.[18] Algumas das diferenças entre o latim clássico e as línguas românicas têm sido estudadas na tentativa de se reconstruir o latim vulgar. Por exemplo, as líng...

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    • Vaticano
  4. Latin Wikipedia - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Latin_Wikipedia

    The Latin Wikipedia (In Latin: Vicipaedia or Vicipaedia Latina) is the Latin language edition of Wikipedia. Started in May 2002, this edition had over 80,000 articles as of October 2012. As of October 2015, it is the 47th largest edition of Wikipedia by number of articles.

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  6. Latin - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Latin
    • Current Usage
    • Varieties
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    • Writing Latin
    • After The Fall of The Roman Empire
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    Latin is called a dead language because no one speaks Latin as a first language anymore. Even though it is a dead language, it is not an extinct languagebecause it is still used in daily life by some people. In fact, many people still study it in school. Latin is still useful because it shows how society and the language used to work. Knowing Latin makes it easier to learn the Romance languages. People still read Latin classics such as the poems of Virgil, the memoirs of Caesar and the speeches of Cicero. Also, Latin is widely used as an international auxiliary language, notably in the Catholic Church, and by biologists when describing and naming new species. Latin is still used in taxonomy to give scientific names to species and groups of species of living things. Some terms used in medicine to name parts of the body (such as bones) and diseasesare also written in Latin.

    There are three types of Latin: Classical Latin, Vulgar Latin, and Ecclesiastical Latin. Classical Latin was used by the educated Romans and is still studied around the world. Vulgar Latin was the more common spoken variety used by the common Romans and was learned by the peoples conquered by the Romans. Ecclesiastical Latin is common in Italian schools and still used by the Roman Catholic Church. Latin was the most important language in most of Europe in the Middle Ages. It was taught in many European schools, and all universities used Latin as the teaching language. Latin began to lose its importance in the Reformation, but it was still often used by authors of scientific books and encyclopedias. Until about 1900 many universities accepted dissertationswritten in Latin. As people from other regions of Europe learned Vulgar Latin during Roman conquests, each region developed its own language, a simplified form of Latin. Those languages are called Romance languages, and they are sti...

    Latin has a similar inflection structure to Ancient Greek but a different alphabet. Latin has seven different noun cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative. The vocative case is almost always the same as the nominative case; however, if the nominative ends in -us, it changes to -e, and if the nominative ends in -ius, it changes to -i. The locative takes the form of the dative. Latin nouns are declined, or changed, according to how they are used in the sentence. A noun can be declined five different ways. These ways are called declensions. The declensions are numbered 1 through 5 (first declension, second declension etc), each having different endings that identify the noun's declension. When a noun is declined, twelve forms are made, two for each of the noun cases (the locative is omitted). A similar thing is done to verbs, called conjugation. When a verb is conjugated, six forms are made. There are five factors that can change a verb: person,...

    Latin used to be written on plates of wax. There was little space and so words were run together, with no space between words. Sometimes papyrus was used, but this was expensive. Punctuation was an ancient idea but came to Latin later. Lowercase letters (small letters) are relatively modern inventions. The Roman alphabet was derived from the Etruscan language. The following is the introduction to the Metamorphoses by Ovid (Book 1, lines 89–100); it describes the Golden Age.

    After the fall of the Roman Empire, many people still used Latin. Scholars such as Thomas Aquinas, Petrarch, Erasmus, Luther, Copernicus, Descartes and Newton wrote in Latin. As an example, Hugo Grotius published his De jure belli ac pacis (On the Law of War and Peace) in 1625, which is one of the bases of international law.

    Ainsworth, Robert (1830). A new abridgment of Ainsworth's Dictionary, English and Latin, by J. Dymock.
    Post-Classical Latin (including Medieval and Neo-Latin) Archived 2011-01-13 at the Wayback Machine
    Beginners' Latin on http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/
    Glossarium Anglico-Latinum Archived 2012-11-13 at the Wayback Machinehaving many modern words
  7. Latin Empire - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Latin_Empire

    The Latin Empire, also referred to as the Latin Empire of Constantinople, was a feudal Crusader state founded by the leaders of the Fourth Crusade on lands captured from the Byzantine Empire. The Latin Empire was intended to replace the Byzantine Empire as the Western-recognized Roman Empire in the east, with a Catholic emperor enthroned in ...

    • Feudal Christian Monarchy
    • Latin, Old French (official), Greek (popular)
  8. Latin America - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Latin_America

    Latin America is a group of Western Hemispheric countries and dependencies where Romance languages (derived from Latin), principally Spanish, Portuguese and, to a lesser extent, French, are predominantly spoken. The term is "commonly used to describe South America, [Mexico and] Central America, and islands of the Caribbean."

    • 20,111,457 km² (7,765,077 sq mi)
    • 20
  9. latin - Wiktionary

    en.wiktionary.org › wiki › latin
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    Etymology 1

    From Latin Latīnus, from Latium (“Latium”) +‎ -īnus

    Etymology 2

    From English Latin (“Latin American”).

    Noun

    latin 1. genitive singular of lati

    Anagrams

    1. nilat, talin, tilan

    Etymology

    From Middle French latin, from Old French latin, borrowed from Latin latīnus.

    Pronunciation

    1. IPA(key): /la.tɛ̃/

    Adjective

    latin (feminine singular latine, masculine plural latins, feminine plural latines) 1. Latin 2. Latino

    Pronunciation

    1. IPA(key): [ˈlɒtin] 2. Hyphenation: la‧tin 3. Rhymes: -in

    Adjective

    latin (not comparable) 1. Roman, Latin 1.1. latin betűk ― Romancharacters 1.2. a latin nyelv ― Latin [language] 1.3. Latinul tanulok. ― I am studying Latin. (literally, “in Latin”)

    Noun

    latin (countable and uncountable, plural latinok) 1. Latin(people) 2. Latin(language)

    Etymology 1

    From Old English latin and Old French latin.

    Etymology 2

    From Old English Latin and Old French latin.

    Alternative forms

    1. Latin

    Etymology

    From Old French latin.

    Noun

    latin m (uncountable) 1. Latinlanguage

    Pronunciation

    1. IPA(key): /lɑtiːn/ 2. Rhymes: -iːn

    Noun

    latin m (definite singular latinen) (uncountable) 1. Latin (the language)

    References

    1. “latin” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

    Noun

    latin m (definite singular latinen) (uncountable) 1. Latin (the language)

    References

    1. “latin” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

    Etymology

    From Latin latīnus.

    Noun

    latin m (uncountable) 1. the Latinlanguage

    Etymology

    Borrowed from Latin latīnus.

    Noun

    latin m (nominative singular latins) 1. Latin languagequotations ▼ 1.1. circa 1250, Rutebeuf, Ci commence le miracle de Théophile: 1.1.1. S'en sui plus dolenz, Salatin, Quar en françois ne en latin Ne finai onques de proier 1.1.1.1. I am very sad about it, Saladin For neither in French nor in Latin Have I stopped praying

  10. Latium - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Latium

    Having destroyed Alba Longa, Rome was in command of the Latin festival and thus held presidency over the Latin peoples. By the mid-7th century BC, Rome had secured itself as a maritime power and secured its salt supply; the Via Salaria (lit. "salt road") was paved from Rome down to Ostia on the northern bank of the river Tiber - the closest salt-field in Western Italy.

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