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  1. Latinščina - Wikipedija, prosta enciklopedija › wiki › Latinščina

    Latinščina je dobila ime po pokrajini Latium (slovensko Lacij ), vendar je bila prvotno le eno od narečij, ki so jih govorili v tej pokrajini, namreč narečje mesta Rim in njegove bližnje okolice. Ko pa sta začela naraščati moč in vpliv Rima, se je začelo širiti tudi področje, na katerem so govorili latinsko.

  2. latinščina - Wiktionary › wiki › latinščina

    latinščina ”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran; Retrieved from "https: ...

  3. Ljudska latinščina - Wikipedija, prosta enciklopedija › wiki › Ljudska_latinščina

    Ljudska ali vulgarna latinščina (lat. vulgus - ljudstvo) je bil pogovorni jezik neizobraženega sloja v Italiji in provincah.. Tako kot vsi jeziki, se je tudi vulgarna latinščina delila na dialekte oziroma se je različno razvijala na raznih delih rimskega imperija.

  4. Latinščina - Wikiwand › sl › Latinščina

    Latinščina je antični indoevropski jezik in eden od dveh klasičnih jezikov Evrope.

  5. Latinščina wiki | TheReaderWiki › sl › Latinščina

    Latinščina (latinsko lingua Latina) je antični indoevropski jezik in eden od dveh klasičnih jezikov Evrope. Vsi romanski jeziki izhajajo iz latinščine, mnogo besed z latinskim korenom pa je moč najti v drugih sodobnih jezikih, tudi v slovenščini.

  6. Latin Wikipedia - Wikipedia › wiki › Latin_Wikipedia

    The Latin Wikipedia (Latin: Vicipaedia Latina) is the Latin language edition of Wikipedia, created in May 2002.As of July 2021, it has about 136,000 articles.While all primary content is in Latin, modern languages such as English, Italian, French, German or Spanish are often used in discussions, since many users (usores) find this easier.

  7. Latinx - Wikipedia › wiki › Latinx

    Latinx has been the subject of controversy. Linguistic imperialism has been used both as a basis of criticism, and of support.. In 2018, the Royal Spanish Academy rejected the use of -x and -e as gender-neutral alternatives to the collective masculine -o ending, in a style manual published together with the Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española (ASALE).

  8. Latin America - Wikipedia › wiki › Latin_America

    Latin America is the portion of the Western Hemisphere comprising countries where Romance languages —languages that derived from Latin —such as Spanish, Portuguese, and French, are predominantly spoken. The term is used for those places brought under the Spanish Empire, Portuguese Empire in Brazil, and the French Colonial Empire in the ...

  9. Latina - Wikipedia › wiki › Latina

    Latina or Latinas most often refers to: Latinas, a demographic group in the United States. Latino (demonym), a term used in the United States for people with cultural ties to Latin America. Latin Americans.

  10. Tuareg people - Wikipedia › wiki › Tuareg_people
    • Names
    • Demography and Languages
    • History
    • Religion
    • Society
    • Culture
    • Genetics
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    The origin and the meaning of the name Tuareg have long been debated, with various etymologies hypothesized. It would appear that Twārəg is derived from the broken plural of Tārgi, a name whose former meaning was "inhabitant of Targa", the Tuareg name of the Libyan region commonly known as Fezzan. Targa in Berber means "(drainage) channel". Another theory is that Tuareg is derived from Tuwariq, the plural of the Arabic exonym Tariqi. The term for a Tuareg man is Amajagh (variants: Amashegh, Amahagh), the term for a woman Tamajaq (variants: Tamasheq, Tamahaq, Timajaghen). Spellings of the appellation vary by Tuareg dialect. However, they all reflect the same linguistic root, expressing the notion of "freemen". As such, the endonym strictly refers only to the Tuareg nobility, not the artisanal client castes and the slaves. Two other Tuareg self-designations are Kel Tamasheq (Neo-Tifinagh: Kel Tamasheq), meaning "speakers of Tamasheq", and Kel Tagelmust, meaning "veiled people" in allu...

    The Tuareg today inhabit a vast area in the Sahara, stretching from far southwestern Libya to southern Algeria, Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso.Their combined population in these territories exceeds 2.5 million, with an estimated population in Niger of around 2 million (11% of inhabitants) and in Mali of another 0.5 million (3% of inhabitants). The Tuareg are also the majority ethnic group in the Kidal Regionof northeastern Mali. The Tuareg traditionally speak the Tuareg languages, also known as Tamasheq, Tamachen, Tamashekin, Tomacheck and Kidal. These tongues belong to the Berber branch of the Afroasiatic family. According to Ethnologue, there are an estimated 1.2 million Tuareg speakers. Around half this number consists of speakers of the Eastern dialect (Tamajaq, Tawallammat). The exact number of Tuareg speakers per territory is uncertain. The CIA estimates that the Tuareg population in Mali constitutes approximately 0.9% of the national population (~150,000), whereas about 3.5% of...

    Early history

    In antiquity, the Tuareg moved southward from the Tafilalt region into the Sahel under the Tuareg founding queen Tin Hinan, who is believed to have lived between the 4th and 5th century. The matriarch's 1,500-year-old monumental Tin Hinan tomb is located in the Sahara at Abalessa in the Hoggar Mountains of southern Algeria. Vestiges of an inscription in Tifinagh, the Tuareg's traditional Libyco-Berber writing script, have been found on one of the ancient sepulchre's walls. External accounts o...

    Colonial era

    At the turn of the 19th century, the Tuareg territory was organised into confederations, each ruled by a supreme Chief (Amenokal), along with a council of elders from each tribe. These confederations were sometimes called "Drum Groups" after the Amenokal's symbol of authority, a drum. Clan (Tewsit) elders, called Imegharan (wisemen), were chosen to assist the chief of the confederation. Historically, there have been seven major confederations. 1. Kel Ajjer or Azjar: centre is the oasis of Agh...

    Post-colonial era

    When African countries achieved widespread independence in the 1960s, the traditional Tuareg territory was divided among a number of modern states: Niger, Mali, Algeria, Libya, and Burkina Faso. Competition for resources in the Sahel has since led to conflicts between the Tuareg and neighboring African groups, especially after political disruption following French colonization and independence. There have been tight restrictions placed on nomadization because of high population growth. Desert...

    The Tuareg traditionally adhered to the Berber mythology. Archaeological excavations of prehistoric tombs in the Maghreb have yielded skeletal remains that were painted with ochre. Although this ritual practice was known to the Iberomaurusians, the custom seems instead to have been primarily derived from the ensuing Capsian culture. Megalithic tombs, such as the jedar sepulchres, were also erected for religious and funerary purposes. In 1926, one such tomb was discovered south of Casablanca. The monument was engraved with funerary inscriptions in the ancient Libyco-Berber writing script known as Tifinagh, which the Tuareg still use. During the medieval period, the Tuareg adopted Islam after its arrival with the Umayyad Caliphate in the 7th century. In the 16th century, under the tutelage of El Maghili, the Tuareg embraced the Maliki school of the Sunni, which they now primarily follow. The Tuareg helped spread Islam further into the Western Sudan. While Islam is the religion of the...

    The Tuareg society has traditionally featured clan membership, social status and caste hierarchies within each political confederation.

    Tuareg culture is largely matrilineal. Tuareg women have high status compared with their Arab counterparts (see matrilineality). Other distinctive aspects of Tuareg culture include clothing, food, language, religion, arts, astronomy, nomadic architecture, traditional weapons, music, films, games, and economic activities.

    Y-chromosome DNA

    Y-Dna haplogroups, passed on exclusively through the paternal line, were found at the following frequencies in Tuaregs: E1b1b is the most common paternal haplogroup among the Tuareg. Most belong to its E1b1b1b (E-M81) subclade, which is colloquially referred to as the Berber marker due to its prevalence among Mozabite, Middle Atlas, Kabyle and other Berber groups. It reaches frequencies of up to 100 percent in some parts of the Maghreb, and is dominated by its sub-clade E-M183. M81 is thought...


    According to mtDNA analysis by Ottoni et al. (2010), the Tuareg inhabiting the Fezzan region in Libya predominantly carry the H1 haplogroup (61%). This is the highest global frequency found so far of the maternal clade. The haplogroup peaks among Berber populations. The remaining Libyan Tuareg mainly belong to two other West Eurasian mtDNA lineages, M1 and V. M1 is today most common among other Afro-Asiatic speakers inhabiting East Africa, and is believed to have arrived on the continent alon...

    Edmond Bernus, "Les Touareg", pp. 162–171 in Vallées du Niger, Paris: Éditions de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1993.
    Andre Bourgeot, Les Sociétés Touarègues, Nomadisme, Identité, Résistances, Paris: Karthala, 1995.
    Hélène Claudot-Hawad, ed., "Touaregs, exil et résistance". Revue du monde musulman et de la Méditerranée, No. 57, Aix-en-Provence: Edisud, 1990.
    Claudot-Hawad, Touaregs, Portrait en Fragments, Aix-en-Provence: Edisud, 1993.
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