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Massachusetts is also home to the highest ranked private high school in the United States, Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, which was founded in 1778. Massachusetts's per-student public expenditure for elementary and secondary schools was eighth in the nation in 2012, at $14,844.
Massachusetts. Portuguese 2.8%. Massachusetts is a state in the United States of America. Its official name is the Commonwealth of Massachusetts . Its capital and largest city is Boston. It is on the east coast of the United States. It is next to the Atlantic Ocean and the states of Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Vermont, and New Hampshire.
- February 6, 1788 (6th)
- Province of Massachusetts Bay
- United States
Overview of the history of Massachusetts. Flag of Massachusetts. The area that is now Massachusetts was colonized by English settlers in the early 17th century and became the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the 18th century. Before that, it was inhabited by a variety of Indian tribes.
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- Early subsistence
The Massachusett were a Native American tribe from the region in and around present-day Greater Boston in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The name comes from the Massachusett language term for "At the Great Hill," referring to the Blue Hills overlooking Boston Harbor from the south. As some of the first people to make contact with European explo...
The native name is written Massachuseuck /məhs at͡ʃəw iːs iː ak/—singular Massachusee. It translates as "at the great hill," referring to the Great Blue Hill, located in Ponkapoag.
English settlers adopted the term Massachusett for the name for the people, language, and ultimately as the name of their colony which became the American state of Massachusetts. John Smith first published the term Massachusett in 1616. Narragansett people called the tribe Massac
The historic territory of the Massachusett people consisted mainly of the narrow coastal plains along the southern side of Massachusetts Bay in what is now eastern Massachusetts. Major watersheds in Massachusett territory included the Charles River and the Neponset.
Massachusett people settled in villages; however, these were organized into larger bands. Swanton writes about six major bands named for their sachems or leaders. Chickatawbut, later led by his son Wompatuck and subsequent heirs, additional region/band led by Obtakiest; Massachusett territory south of the Charles River and west of Ponkapoag Pond Na...
The Massachusett language, Massachusee unontꝏwaok /məhsatʃəwiːsiː ənãtəwaːãk/, was an important language of New England as it was also the native language of the Wampanoag, Nauset, Cowesset and Pawtucket people. Due to its similarity with other closely related languages of the region, a simplified pidgin of it was also used as a regional language o...
The Massachusett occupied fertile flatlands. Men and women cleared fields first by burning trees, then by removing stumps. Women grew food crops, but men were involved in tobacco cultivation. Women used clamshell hoes. Women cultivated crops such as northern flint corn, called weachimineash in Massachusett, a variety of brands, squashes, and pumpki...
- Physical geography
Massachusetts is the 7th smallest state in the United States with an area of 10,555 square miles. It is bordered to the north by New Hampshire and Vermont, to the west by New York, to the south by Connecticut and Rhode Island, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Maine. Massachusetts is the most populous New England state. Massachusett...
In Eastern Massachusetts, Boston is located at the innermost point of Massachusetts Bay, at the mouth of the Charles River. The Charles River is longest river located entirely within Massachusetts,; however, the Connecticut River is the Commonwealth's—and New England's—longest, and most significant river. Most of the population of the Boston metrop...
Massachusetts extends from the mountains of the Appalachian system in the west to the sandy beaches and rocky shorelines of the Atlantic coast. The entire state was covered in ice during the Wisconsin glaciation, which shaped today's landscape. Much of the state remains covered in glacial till and dotted with typical glacial features, such as kettl...