Max Steiner was born on May 10, 1888, in Austria-Hungary, as the only child in a wealthy business and theatrical family of Jewish heritage. He was named after his paternal grandfather, Maximilian Steiner (1839–1880), who was credited with first persuading Johann Strauss II to write for the theater, and was the influential manager of Vienna's historic Theater an der Wien.
- Max Steiner Filmography
Maximilian Raoul "Max" Steiner (May 10, 1888 – December 28,...
- Max Steiner Filmography
Stirner was born in Bayreuth, Bavaria.What little is known of his life is mostly due to the Scottish-born German writer John Henry Mackay, who wrote a biography of Stirner (Max Stirner – sein Leben und sein Werk), published in German in 1898 (enlarged 1910, 1914) and translated into English in 2005.
- Early Years
- Beginning Music Career
- Broadway Music
- Hollywood Film Music
- Musical Influences
- Methods of Composing
- Personal Life and Death
- Awards and Honors
Steiner was born on May 10, 1888, in Austria-Hungary. He was the only child in a wealthy business and theatrical family of Jewish heritage. He was named after his paternal grandfather, Maximilian Steiner (1839–1880), who was credited with first persuading Johann Strauss II to write for the theater, and was the influential manager of Vienna's historic Theater an der Wien. His father was the Hungarian-Jewish Gábor Steiner (1858–1944, born in Temesvár, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire), a Viennese impresario, carnival exposition manager, and inventor, responsible for building the Wiener Riesenrad. His father encouraged Steiner's musical talent, and allowed him to conduct an American operetta, The Belle of New York which allowed Steiner to gain early recognition by the operetta's author, Gustave Kerker. Steiner's mother was a dancer in stage productions put on by his grandfather when she was young, but later be...
Between 1907 and 1914, Steiner traveled between Britain and Europe to work on theatrical productions.:4 Steiner first entered the world of professional music when he was fifteen. He wrote and conducted the operetta, The Beautiful Greek Girl, but his refused to stage it saying that it wasn't good enough. Steiner took the composition to competing impresario Carl Tuschl who offered to produce it. Much to Steiner's pleasure, it run in the Orpheum Theatre for a year.:58 This led to opportunities to conduct other shows in various cities around the world, including Moscow and Hamburg. Upon returning to Vienna, Steiner found his father in bankruptcy. Having difficulties finding work, he moved to London (in part to follow an English showgirl hed met in Vienna).:58 In London, he was invited to conduct Lehar's The Merry Widow. He stayed in London for eight years conducting musicals at Daly's Theatre, the Adelphi, the Hippodrome, t...
Steiner soon acquired employment and worked in New York for fifteen years as a musical director, arranger, orchestrator, and conductor of Broadway productions. These productions include operettas and musicals written by Victor Herbert, Jerome Kern, Vincent Youmans, and George Gershwin, among others. Steiner's credits include: George White's Scandals (1922) (director), Peaches (1923) (composer), Lady, Be Good(1924) (conductor and orchestrator). In 1927, Steiner orchestrated and conducted Harry Tierney's Rio Rita. Tierney himself later requested that RKO Pictures in Hollywood hire Steiner to work in their music production departments. William LeBaron, RKO's head of production, traveled to New York to watch Steiner conduct and was impressed by Steiner and his musicians, who each played several instruments, making Steiner a Hollywood asset. His final production on Broadway was Sons O' Gunsin 1929.
RKO hired Max Steiner on as an orchestrator and his first film jobs consisted of composing music for the main and end titles and occasional "on screen" music.:112-113 Steiner's first job was for the film Dixiana; however, after awhile RKO decided to let him go, feeling that they weren't really using him. His agent found him a job as a musical director on an operetta in Atlantic City. Before he left RKO, they offered him a month to month contract as the head of the Music Department with promise more work in the future and he agreed.:18 In Kurt London's Film Music, he expressed the opinion that American film music was inferior to European film music because it lacked originality of composition; he cited the music of Max Steiner as an exception to the rule.Because the few composers in Hollywood were unavailable, Steiner composed his first film score for Cimarron. The score was well received and was partially credited for the succ...
As early as six years old, Steiner was taking three or four piano lessons a week and often became bored of the lessons. Because of this, he would practice improvising on his own and his father would encourage him to write his music down. Steiner cited that his early improvisation influenced his taste in music, claiming that his background in improvisation influenced his interest in the music of Claude Debussy which was "avant garde" for the time.:2 The music of Edmund Eysler was an early influence in the pieces of Max Steiner.:2 One of his first introductions to operetta's was by Franz Lehár who worked for a time as a military bandmaster for Steiner's father's theatre.:3 Steiner paid tribute to Lehár through an operetta modeled after Lehár's Die lustige Witwe which Steiner staged in 1907 in Vienna.:3 Eysler was well-known for his operettas though as critiqued by Richard Traubner, the libretti were poor, with a fairly simple style, and t...
Steiner explains that in the early days of sound, producers avoided underscoring music behind dialogue, feeling that the audience would wonder where the music was coming from. As a result, he notes that "they began to add a little music here and there to support love scenes or silent sequences." But in scenes where music might be expected, such as a nightclub, ballroom or theater, the orchestra fit in more naturally and was used often. In order to justify the addition of music in scenes where it wasn't expected, music was integrated into the scene through characters or added more conspicuously. For example, a shepherd boy might play a flute along with the orchestra heard in the background or a random, wandering violinist might follow around a couple during a love scene.:57 However, because half of the music was recorded on the set, Steiner says it led to a great deal of inconvenience and cost when scenes were later edited, be...
Max Steiner married Beatrice Stilt on September 12, 1912. The exact date of their divorce is unknown. He then married Audree van Lieu on April 27, 1927. They divorced on December 14, 1933. Max married Louise Klos, a harpist, in 1936. They had a son, Ron, together and they divorced in 1946. In 1947, Max married Leonette Blair. Ron died in 1962. Max Steiner died of congestive heart failure in Hollywood, aged 83. He is entombed in the Great Mausoleum at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California.Max Steiner won three Academy Awards for Best Original Score for The Informer (1935), Now, Voyager (1942), and Since You Went Away (1944).:xviiThe United States Postal Serviceissued its "American Music Series" stamps on September 16, 1999 to pay tribute to renowned Hollywood composers, including Steiner.After Steiner's death, Charles Gerhardt conducted the National Philharmonic Orchestra in an RCA Victor album of highlights from Steiner's career, titled Now Voyager. Additional selections of Steine...In 1975, Steiner was honored with a star located at 1551 Vine Street on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contribution to motion pictures. In 1995, Steiner was inducted posthumously into the Songw...
Roy Webb was Max Steiner's contemporary and they were friends until Steiner's death. Webb's score for Mighty Joe Young was reminisecnt of Steiner.:162-163,183 James Bond composer John Barry cited Max Steiner as an influence of his work. James Newton Howard, who composed the score for the 2005 remake of King Kong, stated that he was influenced by Max Steiner's score, citing that his descending theme when Kong first appears is reminiscent of Max Steiner's score.
The American Film Institute respectively ranked Steiner's scores for Gone with the Wind (1939) and King Kong (1933) #2 and #13 on their list of the 25 greatest film scores. His scores for the following films were also nominated for the list: 1. Adventures of Don Juan(1948) 2. Casablanca(1942) 3. Dark Victory(1939) 4. The Informer(1935) 5. Jezebel(1938) 6. Johnny Belinda(1948) 7. Now, Voyager(1942) 8. A Summer Place(1959) 9. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre(1948)
Max Steiner Données clés Ime Maximilian Raoul Steiner Rođenje 10. maj 1888 . (1888-05-10) Beč , Austro-Ugarska (danas Austrija) Bračni drug(ovi) Beatrice (1912–?); Aubrey (1927–1933); Louise Klos (1936–1946; razvod; 1 dijete); Leonette "Lee" (1947–1971)(1899–1981) Smrt 28. decembar 1971 . (dob: 83) Hollywood , Kalifornija , SAD Muzički žanr filmska muzika Period aktivnosti ...
Max Steiner facts He was a child prodigy who conducted his first operetta when he was twelve and became a full-time professional, either composing, arranging, or conducting, when he was fifteen He worked in England, then Broadway, and moved to Hollywood in 1929 where he became one of the first composers to write music scores for films
His company, Max World Entertainment, was headquartered in Altadena, California. According to the Adult Film Database, he has also performed under the names Max Steiner, Max Hardcore Steiner, Paul Little (his real name), Rex Reamer, and Sam Smythe.
Max Steiner s-a născut în Viena, Austria, la 10 mai, 1888 într-o familie de origine evreiască. Bunicul său, Maximilian Steiner, a fost director de teatru în Viena. Tatăl lui Steiner, Gabor, născut la Timișoara, a fost un om de afaceri, care in anii 1890 s-a convertit la creștinismul luteran.
Max Steiner (Viena, 10 de maio de 1888 - Hollywood, 28 de dezembro de 1971) foi um compositor do cinema americano que arquivou um lendário status como o criador de centenas de clássicos temas para filmes americanos.
Felix Martin Julius Steiner (23 May 1896 – 12 May 1966) was a German SS commander during the Nazi era.During World War II, he served in the Waffen-SS, the combat branch of the SS, and commanded several SS divisions and corps.